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Electoral Rolls were published to give information about voters enrolled for elections. They are a good alternative to a census(of which there are none surviving until 1961 in New Zealand), and are also a way to conduct more recent research as there are no privacy restrictions for more recent records.  
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Electoral Rolls were published to give information about voters enrolled for elections. They are a good alternative to a census (of which there are none surviving until 1961 in New Zealand), and are also a way to conduct more recent research as there are no privacy restrictions for more recent records.  
  
They are available at Ancestry ($) at their collection [https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1836 New Zealand, Electoral Rolls, 1853-1981]. Note that only small number of the rolls have been indexed, the rest are browse only. There is a spacing of no more than 10 years between each indexed roll. The bottom of the page on the previous link lists the precise years covered and which are indexed.  
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From 1853, rolls were made at least as often as each election of the qualified voters. The names of the voters are listed alphabetically, and may have details on how they qualified (e.g. through owning property), their occupation and their address.
  
More recent rolls can be viewed in person, and many larger libraries hold these rolls, even from the 2010s decade. However in recent decades voter enrolment, while technically a legal obligation, has dropped, and so many people are not on the electoral roll, including about 25% of people under 24. It is now also possible to have one's name not published on the roll for security reasons.   
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Before 1860, only males who owned property could vote. In 1860 miners were given the vote, followed by the indigenous Maori in 1867. All males could vote from 1879, and in 1893 New Zealand became the first country to give women the vote. See ''New Zealand Genealogist.'' May/June 1994. (Family History Library {{FHL|993.1 B2na|disp=book 993.1 B2na, pp. 166-170}}.) for more details about who could vote at various time periods.   
  
Maori, have had separate electorates [preferred New Zealand term for constituencies]  since 1867. Before 1867 very few Maori were eligible because voters had to ''individually'' own land, while Maori land was traditionally owned communally. No electoral rolls were made of Maori electorates until 1949. From 1976 onwards, Maori have had the option of choosing to vote in a general electorate, and there is now a reasonably close split between Maori on a Maori roll and those on a general roll.  
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In more recent years it has become possible to have ones name on an "unpublished roll" for security reasons, which means their name will not be found on the publically accessible rolls. An increasingly large number of people do not enroll to vote, even though this is illegal.
  
The Electoral Rolls give name, address and occupation. Be aware that voting rights were not universal until 1893. Only men of property could vote at first. Miners were guaranteed the vote in 1860, all Maori men were given the vote in 1867, all European men in 1879 and all women in 1893. New Zealanders take especial pride in being the first country to give women the vote in parliamentary elections. For details about factors which affected entitlement to vote see:
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Since 1867 there has been seperate Maori electorates. Until 1949 no printed electoral rolls were used for these elections. Since 1976 Maori have had a choice as whether to enroll in a Maori or general electorate.
  
*''New Zealand Genealogist.'' May/June 1994. (Family History Library {{FHL|993.1 B2na|disp=book 993.1 B2na, pp. 166-170}}.)
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== Accessing Electoral Rolls. ==
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The starting point would be Ancestry ($) at their collection [https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1836 New Zealand, Electoral Rolls, 1853-1981]. It is also available on FindMyPast. Note that only some of the rolls have been indexed, the rest are browse only. There is a spacing of no more than 10 years between each indexed roll. The bottom of the page on the previous link lists the precise years covered and which are indexed.  
  
From 1853, for every year that a general election was held, rolls of qualified electors were made. Prior to 1893 only names of property owners aged 21 years and over were listed in the rolls. Electoral rolls (voting registers) give names, addresses and occupations of Europeans, and Maori (lists of their names were not prepared until 1949).  
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More recent rolls can be viewed in person, and many larger libraries hold these rolls, even those from within the last few years.  
  
Juror’s lists are often found mixed in with voting registers. The Family History Library has juror lists (1852-1861) which were published in:  
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Juror’s lists are often found mixed in with voting registers. The Family History Library has juror lists (1852-1861) which were published in:  
  
 
*"Auckland Electoral Rolls, 1854-1858." ''Government Gazette''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1961. (Family History Lobraru {{FHL|112109|title-id|disp=films 287522}}-{{FHL|239151|title-id|disp=287526}}.) This is a copy of a manuscript at Alexander Turnbull Library in Wellington, New Zealand.
 
*"Auckland Electoral Rolls, 1854-1858." ''Government Gazette''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1961. (Family History Lobraru {{FHL|112109|title-id|disp=films 287522}}-{{FHL|239151|title-id|disp=287526}}.) This is a copy of a manuscript at Alexander Turnbull Library in Wellington, New Zealand.
  
The &nbsp;[http://marvin.otago.ac.nz/oni/default.html '''Otago Nominal Indexes''']'''&nbsp; ('''also known as '''ONI)'''&nbsp; include the Electoral Rolls and Street Directories for Otago and Southland. from 1840-1876, and will be added to as the work progresses.<br>
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The majority of extant voting registers (electoral rolls) cover the years 1865-1957. Some are at local libraries in New Zealand. There is a complete series at the Parliamentary Library, Wellington, New Zealand. There are some on microfilm or microfiche in the Family History Library. They are found in the [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=411&query=%2Bplace%3A%22New%20Zealand%22 FamilySearch Catalog] under:
  
I
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NEW ZEALAND - VOTING REGISTERS.
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NEW ZEALAND, [TOWN] - VOTING REGISTERS
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The [http://marvin.otago.ac.nz/oni/default.html '''Otago Nominal Indexes''']''' ('''also known as '''ONI)''' include the Electoral Rolls and Street Directories for Otago and Southland from 1840-1876, and will be added to as the work progresses.<br>
  
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<br>{{Place|New Zealand}}  
 
<br>{{Place|New Zealand}}  
  
 
[[Category:New_Zealand]]
 
[[Category:New_Zealand]]

Latest revision as of 19:18, 31 March 2018

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Electoral Rolls were published to give information about voters enrolled for elections. They are a good alternative to a census (of which there are none surviving until 1961 in New Zealand), and are also a way to conduct more recent research as there are no privacy restrictions for more recent records.

From 1853, rolls were made at least as often as each election of the qualified voters. The names of the voters are listed alphabetically, and may have details on how they qualified (e.g. through owning property), their occupation and their address.

Before 1860, only males who owned property could vote. In 1860 miners were given the vote, followed by the indigenous Maori in 1867. All males could vote from 1879, and in 1893 New Zealand became the first country to give women the vote. See New Zealand Genealogist. May/June 1994. (Family History Library book 993.1 B2na, pp. 166-170.) for more details about who could vote at various time periods.

In more recent years it has become possible to have ones name on an "unpublished roll" for security reasons, which means their name will not be found on the publically accessible rolls. An increasingly large number of people do not enroll to vote, even though this is illegal.

Since 1867 there has been seperate Maori electorates. Until 1949 no printed electoral rolls were used for these elections. Since 1976 Maori have had a choice as whether to enroll in a Maori or general electorate.

Accessing Electoral Rolls.[edit | edit source]

The starting point would be Ancestry ($) at their collection New Zealand, Electoral Rolls, 1853-1981. It is also available on FindMyPast. Note that only some of the rolls have been indexed, the rest are browse only. There is a spacing of no more than 10 years between each indexed roll. The bottom of the page on the previous link lists the precise years covered and which are indexed.

More recent rolls can be viewed in person, and many larger libraries hold these rolls, even those from within the last few years.

Juror’s lists are often found mixed in with voting registers. The Family History Library has juror lists (1852-1861) which were published in:

  • "Auckland Electoral Rolls, 1854-1858." Government Gazette. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1961. (Family History Lobraru films 287522-287526.) This is a copy of a manuscript at Alexander Turnbull Library in Wellington, New Zealand.

The majority of extant voting registers (electoral rolls) cover the years 1865-1957. Some are at local libraries in New Zealand. There is a complete series at the Parliamentary Library, Wellington, New Zealand. There are some on microfilm or microfiche in the Family History Library. They are found in the FamilySearch Catalog under:

NEW ZEALAND - VOTING REGISTERS.

NEW ZEALAND, [TOWN] - VOTING REGISTERS

The Otago Nominal Indexes (also known as ONI) include the Electoral Rolls and Street Directories for Otago and Southland from 1840-1876, and will be added to as the work progresses.