New York Turnpikes

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Early turnpikes were toll roads and were comparatively good highways. They were called turnpikes because they were barred by a pike (or pole) balanced and swinging on a post. This aparatus was placed in the center of the early turnpikes as a toll gate. When the traveler paid his toll, the pike was turned parallel with the road and the toll-payer passed through.


  • 1797 Albany and Schenectady Turnpike Corporation established
  • 1799 Cherry Valley Turnpike first constructed as a toll road
  • 1799 Rensselaer & Columbia Turnpike chartered
  • 1800 Seneca Turnpike chartered
  • 1800 Mohawk Turnpike established
  • 1802 Ulster and Delaware Turnpike started
  • 1803 Cherry Valley Turnpike extension authorized
  • 1806 Seneca Turnpike expanded through Syracuse
  • 1806 Catskill Turnpike completed
  • 1806 Ulster and Delaware Turnpike chartered
  • 1808 Cochecton – Newburgh Turnpike completed
  • 1811 Cherry Valley Turnpike extension completed
  • 1812 Mount Hope – Lumberland Turnpike started
  • 1815 Philipstown Turnpike Company organized
  • 1825 Erie Canal constructed and opened
  • 1852 Seneca and Mohawk Turnpikes reverted to public control