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| link5=[[New York Taxation|Taxation]]
 
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== Online Resources ==
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*'''1862-1874''' [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index?owc=SD52-DP8%3A1376213403%3Fcc%3D2075263 Assessment lists of the  Bureau of Internal Revenue, 1862-66  New York] at FamilySearch.  Not indexed, arranged by county. Link to Districts list under State Level.
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*'''Chatham Road Tax Lists''' [https://www.familysearch.org/library/books/records/item/568174-redirection Chatham Road Tax Lists]
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*'''Land sold before 1848''' [https://www.familysearch.org/library/books/records/item/515275-redirection  Assessment and payment of taxes, prior to the sale of 1848]
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*'''1699-1734''' [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/256619?availability=Family%20History%20Library Assessment rolls, (New York City, New York), 1699-1734] '''**Locked''' <br> <br>
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{{Tip|'''**''' This item/items are ''locked'' and can be viewed at a local Family History Center, once there click on the link, go to the county you are interested in, click on the camera icon to open. To locate a center near you, click here: [https://familysearch.org/locations/center Family History Library locator.] Live too far away from a FHL try [https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/FamilySearch_Affiliate_Libraries#United_States FamilySearch Afiliate Libraries]}}
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== Why Use Tax Records ==
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By studying several consecutive years of tax records you may determine when a young men came of age, when individuals moved in and out of a home, or when they died leaving heirs. Authorities determined wealth (real estate, or income) to be taxed. Taxes can be for polls, real and personal estate, or schools.
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Tax record content varies and may include the name and residence of the taxpayer, description of the real estate, name of original purchaser, description of personal property, number of males over 21, number of school children, slaves, and farm animals. Tax records usually are arranged by date and locality and are not normally indexed. Tax records can be used in place of missing land and census records to locate a person’s residence.
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== How to Use Tax Records for New York ==
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=== County Level ===
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Dollarhide, William and Gordon Lewis Remington. ''New York State Censuses and Substitutes: An Annotated Bibliography of State Censuses, Census Substitutes, and Selected Name Lists in Print, on Microform, or Online; with County Boundary Maps, 1683-1915; and State Census Examples and Extraction Forms, 1825-1925,'' (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Creations, 2005) - a county by county listing citing many tax lists that are hidden in books and periodicals. {{WorldCat|70254345|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1234057|item|disp=FHL Book 974.7 X23d}}.<br>
  
 
Many early [[New York Genealogy|New York]] tax lists, including burgher and freemen lists, exist back to about 1675. Tax records can substitute for census records as tools to locate where a family lived. The Family History Library has tax lists from the early 1700s for Dutchess County, New York City, and some other areas. The state archives has tax lists for the 1770s and 1780s, and Tax Assessment Rolls of Real Estate and Personal Estates for 1799–1804. These are based on the Federal Direct Tax of 1798 and list all males over the age of 21. They are arranged by county, year, and town and are based on the Federal Direct Tax of 1798. They list all males over the age of 21. Tax lists from about 1850–1870 are filed in town clerk and county treasurers' offices, but they are not available on microfilm. The New York 1798 direct tax lists have not been located.  
 
Many early [[New York Genealogy|New York]] tax lists, including burgher and freemen lists, exist back to about 1675. Tax records can substitute for census records as tools to locate where a family lived. The Family History Library has tax lists from the early 1700s for Dutchess County, New York City, and some other areas. The state archives has tax lists for the 1770s and 1780s, and Tax Assessment Rolls of Real Estate and Personal Estates for 1799–1804. These are based on the Federal Direct Tax of 1798 and list all males over the age of 21. They are arranged by county, year, and town and are based on the Federal Direct Tax of 1798. They list all males over the age of 21. Tax lists from about 1850–1870 are filed in town clerk and county treasurers' offices, but they are not available on microfilm. The New York 1798 direct tax lists have not been located.  
  
There are New York City Assessment Rolls from 1699 to 1734. These can be found in the NYGBS Collection held at the [http://nypl.bibliocommons.com/item/show/18215611052_assessment_rolls,_%28new_york_city,_new_york%29,_1699-1734 New York Public Library], as well as in the {{FHL|256619|item|disp=Family History Library's Film 484033}}. There are also select assessments available online at {{FHL|1652052|item|disp=FHL}}. These assessment rolls are a great finding aid to locate someone that was a city resident and finding the ward they belonged to, and includes renters and owners. There is a break in the years from 1710 to 1720. The rolls from 1721 to 1734 include Queens, Richmond, and Westchester. <ref>Harry Macy Jr., “New York City Assessment Rolls 1699-1734”,''The NYGB Newsletter'' 3(Fall 1996): 26. {{WorldCat|21340762|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|614574|item|disp=FHL Book 974.71 D25n v.7}}. Updated version at the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society on the [http://www.nygbs.org/public-researchtool Society’s Website.] This is listed under “Research Aid Articles”.</ref>
 
  
Some tax lists for the 1700s have been published in ''The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record''. Some early New York City lists are in ''New York Historical Society, Tax Lists of the City of New York, December 1695 to July 15, 1699'', in the series Collections of the New York Historical Society, Volume 43–44 (New York, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1911–12.) {{FHL|19216|item|disp=FHL Film 845302 item 3–4 and FHL Book 974.7 B4n v. 43–44}}.  
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=== State Level ===
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*'''1862-1874'''  ''Assessment lists of the Bureau of Internal Revenue for Districts and Units two places to look, there are 32 districts (too many to list here:''<br>
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1. [https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89WS-4BBB?wc=SD5G-9PM%3A1376213403%2C387507201%2C387489501&cc=2075263 A guide for all counties '''pages 5 and 6'''] or <br>
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2. [https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89WS-4BBB?wc=SD5G-9PM%3A1376213403%2C387507201%2C387489501&cc=2075263 Scroll down to find Districts] Districts listed on left, and click on camera to right and open
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*'''1862–1917'''The [[National Archives Northeast Region (Boston)|National Archives Northeast Region (Boston)]] has assessment lists for New York, 1862–1917. These lists generally contain the names of the taxpayers (individuals and corporations), city of residence, articles or occupations taxed, and the amounts assessed and collected. Taxes during the Civil War were gradually abolished until only taxes on liquor and tobacco remained in ''1883''. Corporate income taxes began in ''1909''. A draft inventory of these records is available on microfiche from the archives.
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[https://www.archives.gov/boston National Archives Northeast Region (Boston)]<br>
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Located in the Frederick C. Murphy Federal Center
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Address: 380 Trapelo Road <br>
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Waltham, Massachusetts 02452 <br>
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Phone: Toll Free Telephone: (866) 406-2379 <br>
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Phone: Telephone: (781) 663-0144 <br>
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E-mail: [mailto:waltham.archives@nara.gov waltham.archives@nara.gov] <br>​ <br>
  
The [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives ]](Washington, D.C.) and the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]] have microfilm copies of the ''Assessment Lists of the Federal Bureau of Internal Revenue, 1862 to 1866 ''. {{FHL|574300|item|disp=FHL Films 1534827–930}}, {{FHL|574300|item|disp=FHL Films 1549027–102}}. They are not indexed, but they are arranged by county. These lists are useful for locating a person's residence during the Civil War.
 
  
The [[National Archives Northeast Region (Boston)|National Archives Northeast Region (Boston)]] has assessment lists for New York, 1862–1917. These lists generally contain the names of the taxpayers (individuals and corporations), city of residence, articles or occupations taxed, and the amounts assessed and collected. The taxes during the Civil War were gradually abolished until only taxes on liquor and tobacco remained in 1883. Corporate income taxes began in 1909. A draft inventory of these records is available on microfiche from the archives.  
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[http://www.archives.nysed.gov/ New York State Archives] <br>
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Address: 222 Madison Ave<br>
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Albany, NY 12230 <br>
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Phone: (518) 474-8955 <br>
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e-mail: archref@nysed.gov
  
== Websites  ==
 
  
*[http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives]  
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The [https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/National_Archives_and_Records_Administration National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives ](Washington, D.C.) <br>
*[http://www.archives.gov/northeast/ National Archives, Northeast Region]
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National Archives in Washington, D.C. (Archives I)<br>
*[http://www.nygbs.org/public-researchtool ''The NYGB Newsletter'' and ''The New York Researcher''] Select “Research Aid Articles” from ''The NYGB Newsletter'' and ''The New York Researcher'' are available to members of the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society on the Society’s Website. Many of these articles have been updated since their original publication in the paper newsletter.
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National Archives Building—Research Entrance<br>
*<u></u><u>New York State Archives</u> (taxation information)&nbsp;http://iarchives.nysed.gov/xtf/view?docId=B0950.xml<u></u>
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700 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW<br>
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Phone: 866-272-6272 <br>
  
== For Further Reading  ==
 
  
Dollarhide, William and Gordon Lewis Remington. ''New York State Censuses and Substitutes: An Annotated Bibliography of State Censuses, Census Substitutes, and Selected Name Lists in Print, on Microform, or Online; with County Boundary Maps, 1683-1915; and State Census Examples and Extraction Forms, 1825-1925,'' (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Creations, 2005) - a county by county listing citing many tax lists that are hidden in books and periodicals. {{WorldCat|70254345|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1234057|item|disp=FHL Book 974.7 X23d}}.<br>
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''Published books:''
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*'''1700's''' Some tax lists for the 1700s have been published in '''''The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record'''''. (address listed below) Some early New York City lists are in ''New York Historical Society, Tax Lists of the City of New York, December 1695 to July 15, 1699'', in the series Collections of the New York Historical Society, Volume 43–44 (New York, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1911–12.) {{FHL|19216|item|disp=FHL Film 845302 item 3–4 and FHL Book 974.7 B4n v. 43–44}}.  Not Digitized check with '''WorldCat''' for other locations for this book
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*'''1717-1779''' Peterson, Nancy S. “Early Dutchess County Tax Lists, 1717-1779,” ''The New York Researcher,'' 15(Spring/Summer 2004): 33-34. {{WorldCat|54491537|disp=At various libraries '''(WorldCat''')}}; {{FHL|1193270|item|disp=FHL Book 974.71 D25n vol. 15–17}}.<br>
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*'''1760-1768'''  [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/550035?availability=Family%20History%20Library Upstate New York in the 1760's, tax lists and selected militia rolls of old Albany County, 1760-1768]  (FHL Book 974.7 R4) On this link click on '''WorldCat''' for other locations for this book.  These assessment rolls are a great finding aid to locate someone that was a city resident and finding the ward they belonged to, and includes renters and owners. There is a break in the years from 1710 to 1720. The rolls from 1721 to 1734 include Queens, Richmond, and Westchester.
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''The NYGB Newsletter'' '''"New York Genealogical And New York Genealogical and Biographical Society"''' Publications dealing with Tax lists.  (these can be found at various locations '''WorldCat''' to view threw the Society you must be a member)
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*'''1699-1734''' Macy Jr., Harry. “New York City Assessment Rolls 1699-1734”,''The NYGB Newsletter'' 3(Fall 1996): 26. {{WorldCat|21340762|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|614574|item|disp=FHL Book 974.71 D25n v.7}}
  
Hoff, Henry B. “Pre-1750 New York Lists: Censuses, Assessment Rolls, Oaths of Allegiance, and Other Lists, ''The NYGB Newsletter'' 3(1992): 20-22. {{WorldCat|21340762|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|614574|item|disp=FHL Book 974.71 D25n v. 1–6}}.<br>  
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*'''Pre-1750  New York Lists'''Hoff, Henry B. “Pre-1750 New York Lists: Censuses, Assessment Rolls, Oaths of Allegiance, and Other Lists, ''The NYGB Newsletter'' 3(1992): 20-22. {{WorldCat|21340762|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|614574|item|disp=FHL Book 974.71 D25n v. 1–6}}.<br>  
  
Joslyn, Roger D. “New York State Tax Records 1799-1804: A Newly Available Resource for Genealogists,” ''The NYGB Newsletter'' 1(Spring 1990):5. {{WorldCat|21340762|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|614574|item|disp=FHL Book 974.71 D25n v. 1–6}}.<br>  
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*'''1799-1804'''Joslyn, Roger D. “New York State Tax Records 1799-1804: A Newly Available Resource for Genealogists,” ''The NYGB Newsletter'' 1(Spring 1990):5. {{WorldCat|21340762|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|614574|item|disp=FHL Book 974.71 D25n v. 1–6}}.<br>  
  
Joslyn, Roger D. “New York State Censuses and Tax Lists,” ''The NYGB Newsletter'' 9(1998): 17-19. {{WorldCat|21340762|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|614574|item|disp=FHL Book 974.71 D25n v. 8–10}}.<br>  
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*'''Tax Lists''' Joslyn, Roger D. “New York State Censuses and Tax Lists,” ''The NYGB Newsletter'' 9(1998): 17-19. {{WorldCat|21340762|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|614574|item|disp=FHL Book 974.71 D25n v. 8–10}}.<br>  
 
<div style="float: left; width: 100%;">
 
<div style="float: left; width: 100%;">
Joslyn, Roger D. “Tax Records,” in Alice Eichholz, ''Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources,'' 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Publishing, 2004)p. 480. [http://www.ancestry.com/wiki/index.php?title=Red_Book:_American_State,_County,_and_Town_Sources Free digital version]; {{WorldCat|55947869|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1185723|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004}}. Gives a brief overview of tax records in New York State. <br>
 
  
Macy Jr., Harry. “New York City Assessment Rolls 1699-1734”,''The NYGB Newsletter'' 3(Fall 1996): 26. {{WorldCat|21340762|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|614574|item|disp=FHL Book 974.71 D25n v.7}}.<br> Updated version at the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society on the [http://www.nygbs.org/public-researchtool Society’s Website.] This is listed under “Research Aid Articles”.<br>
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*'''Tax Records''' Joslyn, Roger D. “Tax Records,” in Alice Eichholz, ''Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources,'' 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Publishing, 2004)p. 480. [http://www.ancestry.com/wiki/index.php?title=Red_Book:_American_State,_County,_and_Town_Sources Free digital version]; {{WorldCat|55947869|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1185723|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004}}. Gives a brief overview of tax records in New York State. <br>  
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[https://www.newyorkfamilyhistory.org/ New York Genealogical & Biographical Society] <br>
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Address: 36 W 44th St 7th Floor<Br> New York, NY 10036<br>
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Phone: (212) 755-8532 <br>
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*[https://www.newyorkfamilyhistory.org/ ''The NYGB Newsletter''] and [https://www.newyorkfamilyhistory.org/elibrary/new-york-researcher ''The New York Researcher''] Select “Research Aid Articles” from ''The NYGB Newsletter'' and ''The New York Researcher'' are available to members of the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society on the Society’s Website. Many of these articles have been updated since their original publication in the paper newsletter.  
  
Peterson, Nancy S. “Early Dutchess County Tax Lists, 1717-1779,” ''The New York Researcher,'' 15(Spring/Summer 2004): 33-34. {{WorldCat|54491537|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1193270|item|disp=FHL Book 974.71 D25n vol. 15–17}}.<br>
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[[Image:Tax money bag.jpg|right|200px|Tax money bag.jpg]]
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== Tax Laws ==
 +
 
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Abraham Lincoln instituted the income tax in 1862, and on July 1, 1862, Congress passed the Internal Revenue Act, creating the Bureau of Internal Revenue (later renamed to the Internal Revenue Service). This act was intended to “provide Internal Revenue to support the Government and to pay interest on the Public Debt.” Instituted in the height of the Civil War, the “Public Debt” at the time primarily consisted of war expenses.  For the Southern States that were part of the Confederate side of the Civil War, once Union troops took over parts of the Southern States, income tax were instituted on them. <ref>[https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1264  Creation of the IRA]</ref>
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*To learn more about this Collection click [https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/United_States,_Internal_Revenue_Assessment_Lists_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records) here]
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*To learn more about the Civil War taxes click [https://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1986/winter/civil-war-tax-records.html here]
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== References ==
 
== References ==
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<references/>
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{{reflist}}
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{{New York|New York}}  
{{New York|New York}} {{-}} </div>
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[[Category: New_York, United States]]
[[Category:New_York, United States|Taxation]]
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[[Category: Taxation]]

Revision as of 12:32, 7 November 2019

New York Wiki Topics
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Beginning Research
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Online Resources[edit | edit source]

Why Use Tax Records[edit | edit source]

By studying several consecutive years of tax records you may determine when a young men came of age, when individuals moved in and out of a home, or when they died leaving heirs. Authorities determined wealth (real estate, or income) to be taxed. Taxes can be for polls, real and personal estate, or schools.

Tax record content varies and may include the name and residence of the taxpayer, description of the real estate, name of original purchaser, description of personal property, number of males over 21, number of school children, slaves, and farm animals. Tax records usually are arranged by date and locality and are not normally indexed. Tax records can be used in place of missing land and census records to locate a person’s residence.


How to Use Tax Records for New York[edit | edit source]

County Level[edit | edit source]

Dollarhide, William and Gordon Lewis Remington. New York State Censuses and Substitutes: An Annotated Bibliography of State Censuses, Census Substitutes, and Selected Name Lists in Print, on Microform, or Online; with County Boundary Maps, 1683-1915; and State Census Examples and Extraction Forms, 1825-1925, (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Creations, 2005) - a county by county listing citing many tax lists that are hidden in books and periodicals. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974.7 X23d.

Many early New York tax lists, including burgher and freemen lists, exist back to about 1675. Tax records can substitute for census records as tools to locate where a family lived. The Family History Library has tax lists from the early 1700s for Dutchess County, New York City, and some other areas. The state archives has tax lists for the 1770s and 1780s, and Tax Assessment Rolls of Real Estate and Personal Estates for 1799–1804. These are based on the Federal Direct Tax of 1798 and list all males over the age of 21. They are arranged by county, year, and town and are based on the Federal Direct Tax of 1798. They list all males over the age of 21. Tax lists from about 1850–1870 are filed in town clerk and county treasurers' offices, but they are not available on microfilm. The New York 1798 direct tax lists have not been located.


State Level[edit | edit source]

  • 1862-1874 Assessment lists of the Bureau of Internal Revenue for Districts and Units two places to look, there are 32 districts (too many to list here:

1. A guide for all counties pages 5 and 6 or

2. Scroll down to find Districts Districts listed on left, and click on camera to right and open


  • 1862–1917The National Archives Northeast Region (Boston) has assessment lists for New York, 1862–1917. These lists generally contain the names of the taxpayers (individuals and corporations), city of residence, articles or occupations taxed, and the amounts assessed and collected. Taxes during the Civil War were gradually abolished until only taxes on liquor and tobacco remained in 1883. Corporate income taxes began in 1909. A draft inventory of these records is available on microfiche from the archives.

National Archives Northeast Region (Boston)
Located in the Frederick C. Murphy Federal Center Address: 380 Trapelo Road
Waltham, Massachusetts 02452
Phone: Toll Free Telephone: (866) 406-2379
Phone: Telephone: (781) 663-0144
E-mail: waltham.archives@nara.gov


New York State Archives
Address: 222 Madison Ave
Albany, NY 12230
Phone: (518) 474-8955
e-mail: archref@nysed.gov


The National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives (Washington, D.C.)
National Archives in Washington, D.C. (Archives I)
National Archives Building—Research Entrance
700 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Phone: 866-272-6272


Published books:

  • 1700's Some tax lists for the 1700s have been published in The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. (address listed below) Some early New York City lists are in New York Historical Society, Tax Lists of the City of New York, December 1695 to July 15, 1699, in the series Collections of the New York Historical Society, Volume 43–44 (New York, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1911–12.) FHL Film 845302 item 3–4 and FHL Book 974.7 B4n v. 43–44. Not Digitized check with WorldCat for other locations for this book


The NYGB Newsletter "New York Genealogical And New York Genealogical and Biographical Society" Publications dealing with Tax lists. (these can be found at various locations WorldCat to view threw the Society you must be a member)

New York Genealogical & Biographical Society
Address: 36 W 44th St 7th Floor
New York, NY 10036
Phone: (212) 755-8532

  • The NYGB Newsletter and The New York Researcher Select “Research Aid Articles” from The NYGB Newsletter and The New York Researcher are available to members of the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society on the Society’s Website. Many of these articles have been updated since their original publication in the paper newsletter.


Tax money bag.jpg

Tax Laws[edit | edit source]

Abraham Lincoln instituted the income tax in 1862, and on July 1, 1862, Congress passed the Internal Revenue Act, creating the Bureau of Internal Revenue (later renamed to the Internal Revenue Service). This act was intended to “provide Internal Revenue to support the Government and to pay interest on the Public Debt.” Instituted in the height of the Civil War, the “Public Debt” at the time primarily consisted of war expenses. For the Southern States that were part of the Confederate side of the Civil War, once Union troops took over parts of the Southern States, income tax were instituted on them. [1]

  • To learn more about this Collection click here
  • To learn more about the Civil War taxes click here


References[edit | edit source]