New York Land and Property
Early Land Records[edit | edit source]
- Gehring, Charles T., translator and editor. New York Historical Manuscripts. Dutch. Land Papers, Volumes GG, HH, and II, 1630-1664.  This book is a translation of land patents, 1630–1651 and 1654–1664, the earliest land records of New Netherland. FHL book 974.7 R2lp.
- O'Callaghan, Edmund Bailey, comp. Calendar of New York Colonial Manuscripts, Indorsed Land Papers in the Office of the Secretary of State of New York, 1643–1803. 1864.  FHL Collection; older edition FHL film 947853. This indexes the Land Grant Application Files, 1642–1803, commonly referred to as the New York Colonial Manuscripts, Endorsed Land Papers, in 63 volumes at the state archives (not at Family History Library). The records pertain to New York and Vermont. They give name and date and place of residence. These records have been microfilmed by the New York State Archives, and the films are available for sale by the New York State Archives or through interlibrary loan.
- Van Laer, Arnold Johan Ferdinand, translator. New York Historical Manuscripts. Dutch. Register of the Provincial Secretary. Volumes 1-3 contain translations of conveyances recorded in the minutes of the provincial secretary, 1638–1660. Gives name, date, and location of the patent. FHL book 974.7 H2vL v. 1–4.
Patents[edit | edit source]
- Ruth L. Higgins, editor, Expansion in New York with Especial Reference to the Eighteenth Century. For more information about patent maps, see New York Maps. FHL book 974.7 H2h 1976, film 1036688 item 2.
New York. Secretary of State. Patents of the State of New York 1664–1912 (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973; on 60 Family History Library films). FHL Collection. May give name, location (residence), and volume number. Indexes include:
- Colonial Patents Grantee Card Index, 1649-1912, FHL film 947096
- Grantee Card Index for v. 18–53, ca. 1775–1912
- Index to Patents, ca. 1664–1864, FHL film 947116 Item 2
- Military Card Index for Patents, 1764–1797, FHL films 945291-95
Bowman, Fred Q. Landholders of Northeastern New York, 1739–1802 (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1983). Indexes patents, 1739–1775, and deeds and mortgages, 1764–1802, for the present-day counties of Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Warren, and Washington. Family History Library book 974.7 R24b; film 1321009 item 8, FHL Collection. Other libraries with this book.
Surveys[edit | edit source]
New York. Secretary of State. Field Books, New York, 1701–1848 (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973; on 12 Family History Library films), FHL Collection. These 53 volumes are at the state archives and contain the state's official surveys, accompanied by maps.
New York. Department of Transportation. Land Survey Field Notes, 1665–1927. These are at the State Archives and consist of notes and maps of land surveyed as well as books of sale, cashbooks, and registers.
Secretary of State's Deeds and Mortgages[edit | edit source]
Deeds[edit | edit source]
- New York. Secretary of State. Grantor Card Index to Deeds, abt 1640–1973. Family History Library films 947643–51, FHL Collection.
- New York. Secretary of State. Grantee Card Index to Deeds, abt 1640–1973. Family History Library films 947652–54, FHL Collection and 947838–41.
- New York. Secretary of State. Deeds, 1659–1846. 43 Volumes. Family History Library films 945268–8], FHL Collection. Deeds in volumes 40–43, 1810–1855, are Deeds to State-Owned Real Estate, where the state is represented as the grantee or the grantor. These valuable indexes refer to deeds, manors, patents, military bounty lands, Vermont lands, court, probate, Indian, and other records.
- New York. Secretary of State. Abstracts and Indexes of Deeds. Seven Volumes. FHL Collection, Family History Library films 947105–106 and 947114–15. These are handwritten ledgers indexing and abstracting the 43 volumes of deeds, years 1659–1846, giving volume and page references.
Mortgages[edit | edit source]
Mortgages establish when a family resided at a specific place. Mortgage information is found in:
- New York. Secretary of State. Mortgages Grantor Card Index, 1784–1973. Family History Library film 945399, FHL Collection.
- New York. Secretary of State. Loan Mortgages, Volume 3, 1807–24. Family History Library film 947121, FHL Collection.
- New York. Secretary of State. State Mortgages, 1807–42, Four Volumes. Volumes. 1–3, 1807–24 Family History Library film 947101, FHL Collection.
- New York. Secretary of State. Index to Deeds and Mortgages, 1641–1842. Family History Library film 947116, FHL Collection.
- New York. State Comptroller. Bonds and Mortgages for the Sale of State Lands, 1797–1878. 38 Volumes. (Not at Family History Library.) These are account books recording mortgage payments on land purchased from the state.
Manorial Records[edit | edit source]
The Family History Library has few records about the Hudson Valley manors. However, it does have the Livingston Family Papers, 1630–1929, from the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Library in Hyde Park; Family History Library films 1421078–90, FHL Collection. The library also has a helpful index, Van Rensselaer Manor Papers, published about 1990; Family History Library book 974.7 R2r; film 1697716, FHL Collection. This manor was located in what is now Albany and Rensselaer Counties. The original records are at the New York State Library.
A source for more historical information about the manors is Landlord and Tenant in Colonial New York: Manorial Society, 1664–1775 The appendix, "A Note on Sources," describes the manorial records that exist and where they are located. (FHL book 974.7 R2k).
Military Bounty Land[edit | edit source]
New York granted military bounty land patents for service in the French and Indian War, and in the Revolutionary War, but did not grant lands to veterans of the War of 1812. Most French and Indian War grants were in the region of the upper Hudson River. In 1782, Revolutionary War veterans were issued land by lottery in the Finger Lakes region of central New York (28 townships in the present counties of Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, Cortland, Oswego, Wayne, Schuyler, and Tompkins). Many men sold their grants and never settled the land. Before this, lands were made available in the Old Military Tract—located in present-day Clinton, Essex, and Franklin counties—but few soldiers settled there.
The military bounty land patents are at the State Archives:
- New York. Secretary of State. Military Patents and Abstracts, 1764–1846. Ten Volumes. The patents give the name of the patentee, reason for the grant, location by township, lot number, and acreage. Each volume is indexed by the name of the patentee. The first eight volumes (to 1797) are available through the Family History Library,films 945291–95, as part of the Patents of the State of New York, 1649-1912.
- The names of Military Tract and Old Military Tract patentees are indexed by the Grantee Card Index to Patents, 1775–1912. There is also a card index for the Military Tract. It is arranged by the township and lot number as part of the Patents of the State of New York, 1649-1912 under Military Card Index for Patents FHL films 946418–20.
- Soldiers that drew land are listed in The Balloting Book, and Other Documents Relating to Military Bounty Lands in the State of New York The book is arranged by township, lot number, and grantee name. There are volume and page cross references to the military patent books. FHL film 812864 item 4.
- An index to this source is M. Frances Ferris, Index, the Balloting Book and Other Documents Relating to Military Bounty Lands in the State of New York. FHL film 896803 item.
- The State Archives has Revolutionary War Accounts and Claims. These records were abstracted in James A. Roberts, New York in the Revolution as Colony and State. See Revolutionary War at New York Military Records. About two-thirds of the original documents plus the entire name index were destroyed in the Capitol fire of 1911. The surviving records have been microfilmed and the films are available for purchase or interlibrary loan from the New York State Archives.
For a history, see:
- Pierce, Grace M. "The Military Tract of New York State," The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Vol. 40, No. 1 (Jan. 1909):15-22. Digital versions at Internet Archive - free; New York Family History ($); FHL Book 974.7 B2n v. 40.
Land Companies[edit | edit source]
Massachusetts sold this land, which ultimately resulted in three large tracts: theHolland Land Purchase, the Morris Reserve, and the Phelps and Gorham Purchase.
In 1791, New York sold a large area of northern New York to Alexander Macomb.
The Holland Land Purchase
The Holland Land Company surveyed the land and then sold it to individuals. The records are described in Wilhelmina C. Pieterse's Inventory of the Archives of the Holland Land Company. 1789–1869 (Amsterdam, Netherlands: Municipal Printing Office of Amsterdam, 1976; Family History Library book 974 R2p; film 1421412 item 2, FHL Collection.
A partial index to the collection is Karen E. Livsey, Western New York Land Transactions, 1804–1835: Extracted from the Archives of the Holland Land Company, Two Volumes. (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1991, 1996; Family History Library book 974.7 R28L, FHL Collection. This record indexes land tables (company accounts) and is useful for finding someone in a particular place at a particular time.
The collection is at the Municipal Archives of Amsterdam and on microfilm at the State Library, the Daniel E. Reed Library at the State University of New York at Fredonia, the Library of Congress, and the New York Public Library.
A history of the Holland purchase is Wyckoff, William, The Developer's Frontier: The Making of the Western New York Landscape(New Haven, Connecticut and London, England: Yale University Press, 1988; Family History Library book 974.7 E3w, FHL Collection.
The Phelps and Gorham Purchase
This purchase included Ontario, Yates, and Steuben counties; the eastern portions of present Monroe and Livingston counties; the western parts of Wayne and Schuyler counties; and part of Allegany County. It was purchased by Oliver Phelps and Nathaniel Gorham. The Phelps and Gorham Papers are located at the New York State Library.
A history is Orsamus Turner, History of Pioneer Settlement of Phelps and Gorham Purchase and Morris' Reserve (1851; reprint with supplements and indexes by LaVerne C. Cooley and George E. Lookup, Interlaken, New York: Heart of the Lakes Publishing, 1976; Family History Library book 974.7 H2t index; film 871566 item 3, FHL Collection.
The Morris Reserve
The reserve included eastern Orleans, Genesee, Wyoming, and Allegany counties plus the western portions of present Monroe and Livingston counties. Robert Morris bought the land in May 1791 from Massachusetts. Morris sold most of the lands in 1792 and 1793 to the Holland Land Company.
The Macomb Purchase
The Macomb Purchase was made in 1791. This four-million-acre tract included all of modern Lewis County; most of modern St. Lawrence, Franklin, and Jefferson counties; and parts of Oswego and Herkimer counties.
County Land Records[edit | edit source]
Deeds and Mortgages. After land was transferred from the proprietors to individual owners, county clerks were to record subsequent transactions. Sadly, in many cases the deeds were never recorded. Some colonial deeds were, however, recorded in town records.
Deeds and other land records for much of New York are on film and can be found in the Family History Library Catalog by using a Place Search under:
New York - LAND AND PROPERTY
New York, [COUNTY]- LAND AND PROPERTY
New York, [COUNTY], [TOWN]- LAND AND PROPERTY
References[edit | edit source]
- Gehring, Charles T., translator and editor. New York Historical Manuscripts. Dutch. Land Papers, Volumes GG, HH, and II, 1630-1664. Published under the direction of The Holland Society of New York. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1980.
- O'Callaghan, Edmund Bailey, comp. Calendar of New York Colonial Manuscripts, Indorsed Land Papers in the Office of the Secretary of State of New York, 1643–1803. 1864. Revised reprint, Harrison, New York: Harbor Hill Books, 1987
- Van Laer, Arnold Johan Ferdinand, translator; Kenneth Scott and Kenn Stryker-Rodda, editors. New York Historical Manuscripts. Dutch. Register of the Provincial Secretary. Four Volumes. Published under the Direction of The Holland Society of New York. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1974.
- Ruth L. Higgins, editor, Expansion in New York with Especial Reference to the Eighteenth Century. 1931; reprint edition, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Porcupine Press, 1976.
- Kim, Sung Bok, Landlord and Tenant in Colonial New York: Manorial Society, 1664–1775 (Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press for the Institute of Early American History and Culture, 1978
- The Balloting Book, and Other Documents Relating to Military Bounty Lands in the State of New York (Albany, New York: Packard &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp; Van Benthuysen, 1825.
- Ferris, M. Frances. Index, the Balloting Book and Other Documents Relating to Military Bounty Lands in the State of New York, (Syracuse, New York: Onondaga Historical Association, 1954)
- Roberts, James A. New York in the Revolution as Colony and State, Revised Edition. (Albany, New York: 1904).
- Dill, David Jr. "Portrait of an Opportunist: The Life of Alexander Macomb." Watertown Daily Times. 9, 16, 23 September 1990. (http://www.mlloyd.org/gen/macomb/text/amsr/wt.htm, accessed 29 December 2010)