New York, State Census, 1875 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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Style Guide

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Collection Time Period

These records are for the year 1875.

How to Use the Records


A census can provide you with names and ages of family members, which can then be used to calculate birth or marriage dates. It can provide the county and town where your ancestor lived, people living with (or gone from) the family, and relatives that may have lived nearby. The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist. This census includes several other sections, beyond the population schedules, that contain useful information. It includes two schedules with information of officers and enlisted men currently in the military and officers and enlisted men who had served in the military. This census contains information on when and where the individual first entered the military, their rank, how long they were in the service, their present health, as well as several other items.


The census also includes tables on marriages and deaths occurring during the year ending June 1, 1875. These tables contain typical marriage and death information. One other table that contains valuable information is entitled deaths of officers and enlisted men. This table contains deaths of individuals which had occurred while in the military or naval service of the United States, or from wounds or disease acquired in said service since April, 1861, reported by the families to which the deceased belonged when at home. It includes the name of the deceased, age at death, if married or single, if a citizen, several items relating to military information, date of death, place of death, manner of death, survivors of the deceased, place of burial and any remarks.

Record Description

The records are handwritten on pre-printed pages. The following counties are included:

  • Allegany
  • Cattaraugus
  • Cayuga
  • Chautauqua
  • Chenango
  • Cortland
  • Delaware
  • Dutchess
  • Erie
  • Fulton
  • Genesee
  • Kings
  • Livingston
  • Monroe
  • Montgomery
  • Orleans
  • Otsego
  • Rensselaer
  • Rockland
  • Saratoga
  • Schenectady
  • Schoharie
  • Steuben
  • Tioga
  • Tompkins
  • Ulster
  • Washington
  • Wyoming
  • Yates

Record Content

New York 1875 State Census DGS 004327180 00007.jpg

Key genealogical facts found in the population schedules of the 1875 New York State Census are:
  • Name of every person whose usual place of abode was in the family on the 1st day of June, 1875
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Color
  • Relation to the head of the family
  • In what county of New York, or in what state or country born
  • Parent of how many children
  • Number of times married
  • Current marital status (married, widowed, or single)
  • Occupation
  • Citizenship (native, naturalized, or alien)
  • If owner of the land
  • If currently or formerly in the Army or Navy

Record History

State censuses were created by the state of New York and were taken about every ten years beginning in 1795. This census does not cover the entire population of the state of New York because the counties of Clinton, Franklin, Hamilton, New York, Putnam, Queens, Seneca, and Westchester are missing.

Why This Collection Was Created?

The census was compiled to obtain a count and description of the population of the state of New York

Record Reliability

Use the information with some caution, since the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

Related Web Sites

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Related Wiki Articles

New York Census

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: How to Cite FamilySearch Collections

Please add sample citations to this article following the format guidelines in the wiki article listed above. Examples of citations:

  • United States. Bureau of the Census. 12th census, 1900, digital images, From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: September 29, 2006), Arizona Territory, Maricopa, Township 1, East Gila, Salt River Base and Meridian; sheet 9B, line 71
  • Mexico, Distrito Federal, Catholic Church Records, 1886-1933, digital images, from FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: April 22, 2010), Baptism of Adolfo Fernandez Jimenez, 1 Feb. 1910, San Pedro Apóstol, Cuahimalpa, Distrito Federal, Mexico, film number 0227023

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Style Guide

For guidelines to use in creating wiki articles that describe collections of images and indexes produced by FamilySearch, see: FamilySearch Wiki: Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages

Sources of Information for This Collection:

New York. State Censuses. Digital images of originals stored in County Clerk offices and some in Surrogate Courts in various counties across New York.


The format for citing FamilySearch Historical Collections, including how to cite individual archives is found in the following link: How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections