(Dutch: Nieuw-Nederland) was the former Dutch colony on the east coast of North America founded in 1614 or 1615.
It included significant settlements in, or claims to, parts of what are now the states of New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, and Maryland (between Cape Cod and Virginia).
In 1654 New Sweden captured Fort Casimir from New Netherland in what is now New Castle County, Delaware. The next year, 1655, the Dutch counter-attacked, conquered, and absorbed all of former New Sweden, but granted it some autonomy.
One of the important legacies of the New Netherland colony was religious tolerance. The Dutch Reformed Church, a Calvinist denomination, was predominant at first. However, from the beginning the colony was also a haven for religious minorities such as Huguenots (French Protestants), and Jews.
Because of repeated wars between the Dutch and the British empires, the New Netherland colony was ceded to the British Empire in 1664. In August 1673 the Dutch recaptured their colony, but had to give it up to the British again in November 1674.
A web-site to use for more information is: Holland Society
- Gwenn F. Epperson, New Netherlands Roots (Baltimore: Genealogical Pub., 1994.)[FHL book 974.7 D27e] A step-by step guide explaining how to use the Family History Library to find European place of origin for settlers of the New Netherland. Numerous New Netherland sources, European indexes, gazetteers, maps, church records and other resources are carefully described.
- "New Netherland Institute" [Internet site] at http://www.nnp.org/index.shtml (accessed 15 December 2008). History of individual settlements.
- "New Netherland and Beyond" in RootsWeb at http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nycoloni/ (accessed 4 November 2008). History, maps, immigrants, settlers, and record sources.
- Lorine McGinnis Schulze, "New Netherland/New York Genealogy" in The Olive Tree Genealogy at http://www.olivetreegenealogy.com/nn/index.shtml (accessed 4 November 2008). Links for Dutch settlers of New York including articles about Dutch naming patterns, history, ships passenger lists, military records, and church records.
- Lorine McGinnis Schulze, "Index to 81 Ships Passenger Lists 1624-1664" [to New Netherland] in The Olive Tree Genealogy at http://www.olivetreegenealogy.com/nn/ships/ (accessed 4 November 2008).
- "NA Baptisms 1639-1730" in RootsWeb at http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/%7Erbillard/na_baptisms_1639-1730.htm (accessed 4 November 2008). New Amsterdam (New York City) Dutch Reformed Church christenings.