New Mexico Census

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Portal:United States Census >New Mexico

Availability

Many of the federal census records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. The United States Research Outline provides detailed information regarding these records.

The Family History Library has the U.S. federal censuses of New Mexico for 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, and 1920 and a special 1885 territorial census. The 1890 census was destroyed but the 1890 Union veterans schedule and index are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library.

Historical Background

Indexes

The Family History Library has state-wide indexes for the 1850, 1860, and 1870 censuses in book format. Soundex (phonetic) indexes are available on microfilm for part of the 1880 and all of the 1900 and 1920 censuses.

Special Censuses

State Censuses

Territorial Censuses

Web Sites

Ancestry:  http://www.ancestry.com

Heritage Quest Online:  http://www.heritagequestonline.com

Census Online:  http://www.census-online.com/links/NM/

Genealogy Today:  http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/nm/census.html

Access Genealogy:  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/newmexico.htm

National Archives:http://www.archives.gov/

Historical Society of New Mexico: http://www.hsnm.org/

University of New Mexico Libraries: http://www.unm.edu/libraries.html

Bibliographic Citations

New Mexico Research Outline. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001. 


The New Mexico State Historical Society in Santa Fe has mortality schedules for 1850, 1860, and 1870. These records are not at the Family History Library.

Spanish and Mexican Colonial Censuses

Spanish and Mexican colonial censuses exist for 1750, 1790, 1802, 1816, 1822, 1823, 1826, 1827, 1830 and 1845. The colonial censuses include the wife's maiden name. These censuses are incomplete and do not include all families in New Mexico.

The colonial censuses are available at the New Mexico Records Center and Archives, the University of New Mexico Library, and the Family History Library. They have been transcribed and indexed in:

Olmsted, Virginia L. Spanish and Mexican Colonial Censuses of New Mexico: 1790, 1823, 1845. Albuquerque, New Mexico: New Mexico Genealogical Society, 1975. (FHL book 978.9 X2o.)

Olmsted, Virginia L. Spanish and Mexican Censuses of New Mexico: 1750-1830. Albuquerque, New Mexico: New Mexico Genealogical Society, 1981. (FHL book 978.9 X2ov 1750-1830.)

Web Sites