Difference between revisions of "New Mexico Census"

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[[Portal:United States Census|Portal:United States Census ]]>[[New Mexico|New Mexico]]  
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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[New Mexico|New Mexico]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[New_Mexico_Census|Census]]''
  
== Availability  ==
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{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" border="0"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
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*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
 +
*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
Many of the federal census records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. The United States Research Outline provides detailed information regarding these records.
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<br>
  
The Family History Library has the U.S. federal censuses of New Mexico for 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, and 1920 and a special 1885 territorial census. The 1890 census was destroyed but the 1890 Union veterans schedule and index are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library.  
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*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[New Mexico Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
== Historical Background  ==
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|}
  
'''1598--'''San Juan was founded as the first permanent Spanish colony in New Mexico.&nbsp; The capital was established at Santa Fe in 1610.
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=== Online New Mexico indexes and images  ===
  
'''1706--'''Albuquerque was founded and became a center of settlement.
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{{Census Online New Mexico}}
  
'''1821--'''When Mexico achieved independence from Spain, New Mexico became a Mexican province, and trade with the United States was opened over the Santa Fe Trail.
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=== Federal population schedules  ===
  
'''1848--'''Mexico ceded New Mexico to the United States.&nbsp; The Santa Fe Trail soon became a favorite route of those heading to the California gold fields.
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==== Microfilm images  ====
  
'''1850-1863--'''Congress created the&nbsp;New Mexico Territory in 1850 and the first counties were established.&nbsp; The territory was enlarged somewhat with the Gadsden Purchase from Mexico in 1853, but greatly reduced by the creation of Colorado Territory in 1861 and Arizona Territory in 1863.
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{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="745" border="0"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''
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|-
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| 1940 N/A
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| {{FHL|639058|title-id|disp=1910 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|698912|title-id|disp=1870&nbsp;}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|1037461|title-id|disp=1930}}
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| {{FHL|639111|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|705448|title-id|disp=1860}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|577750|title-id|disp=1920&nbsp;and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|676497|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|744491|title-id|disp=1850 <span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282328561328_656" />}}
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|}
  
'''1912--'''New Mexico became a state.
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<br>
  
== Indexes  ==
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{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="745" border="0"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''
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|-
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| 1940 N/A
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-03.html#new-mexico 1910 T624]&nbsp;
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html#new-mexico 1870 M593]
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|-
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| [http://1930census.archives.gov/beginSearch.asp 1930 T626]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-08.html#new-mexico 1900 T623]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-04.html#new-mexico Soundex T1061]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#new-mexico 1860 M653]
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|-
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-08.html#new-mexico 1920 T625]&nbsp;<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282155234914_935" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282155234914_56" />and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-04.html#new-mexico Soundex M1577]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#new-mexico 1880 T9] and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#new-mexico Soundex T764]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-03.html#new-mexico 1850 M432]
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|}
  
The Family History Library has state-wide indexes for the 1850, 1860, and 1870 censuses in book format. Soundex (phonetic) indexes are available on microfilm for part of the 1880 and all of the 1900 and 1920 censuses.
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book ====
  
== Special Censuses  ==
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of New Mexico, [[New Mexico Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
The New Mexico State Historical Society in Santa Fe has mortality schedules for 1850, 1860, and 1870. These records are not at the Family History Library.
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=== Federal non-population schedules ===
  
== State Censuses ==
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==== Online indexes and images ====
  
== Territorial Censuses  ==
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="77%" align="center" border="1"
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for New Mexico'''</font>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Free'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries '''(usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Pay'''
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Year'''
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| align="center" width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Type'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Record Search'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Heritage Quest'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry Library'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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|-
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| '''1890'''
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| width="20%" | Veterans
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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|-
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| '''1885'''
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| width="20%" | Mortality
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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|}
  
Spanish and Mexican Colonial Censuses
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==== Microfilm images  ====
  
Spanish and Mexican colonial censuses exist for 1750, 1790, 1802, 1816, 1822, 1823, 1826, 1827, 1830 and 1845. The colonial censuses include the wife's maiden name. These censuses are incomplete and do not include all families in New Mexico.
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{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" border="0"
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|-
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| {{FHL|308179|title-id|disp=School census of Navajo indians&nbsp;1957,1961}}
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| {{FHL|750714|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Zuni, 1904-1935}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|750671|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Eastern Navajo, 1929-1935}}
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| {{FHL|54517|title-id|disp=Agency records, 1878-1926}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|240074|title-id|disp=Albuquerque school indian rolls, 1904-1907,1910,1911}}
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|
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|}
  
The colonial censuses are available at the New Mexico Records Center and Archives, the University of New Mexico Library, and the Family History Library. They have been transcribed and indexed in:
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<br>
  
Olmsted, Virginia L. Spanish and Mexican Colonial Censuses of New Mexico: 1790, 1823, 1845. Albuquerque, New Mexico: New Mexico Genealogical Society, 1975. (FHL book 978.9 X2o.)
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*'''1870, 1860, 1850--'''The New Mexico State Historical Society in Santa Fe has mortality schedules. These records are not at the Family History Library.
  
Olmsted, Virginia L. Spanish and Mexican Censuses of New Mexico: 1750-1830. Albuquerque, New Mexico: New Mexico Genealogical Society, 1981. (FHL book 978.9 X2ov 1750-1830.)<br>
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book ====
  
== Web Sites  ==
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of New Mexico, [[New Mexico Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].
  
Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
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=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses  ===
  
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
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New Mexico&nbsp;took several censuses in the years between the federal censuses. The dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.  
  
Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/NM/ http://www.census-online.com/links/NM/]
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*'''1885''' Federal census of New Mexico Territory.
  
Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/nm/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/nm/census.html]
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'''1845, 1830, 1827, 1826, 1823, 1822, 1816, 1802, 1790, and 1750-- '''Mexican and Spanish colonial censuses exist. The colonial censuses include the wife's maiden name. These censuses are incomplete and do not include all families in New Mexico.  
  
Access Genealogy:&nbsp; [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/newmexico.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/newmexico.htm]
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The colonial censuses are available at:  
  
National Archives:http://www.archives.gov/
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:*The New Mexico Records Center and Archives  
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:*The University of New Mexico Library
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:*The Family History Library.
  
Historical Society of New Mexico: http://www.hsnm.org/
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They have been transcribed and indexed in:  
  
University of New Mexico Libraries: http://www.unm.edu/libraries.html
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*Olmsted, Virginia L. ''Spanish and Mexican Colonial Censuses of New Mexico: 1790, 1823, 1845''. Albuquerque, New Mexico: New Mexico Genealogical Society, 1975. (Family History Library {{FHL|157821|title-id|disp=book 978.9 X2o}}.)<br>
  
== Bibliographic Citations  ==
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*Olmsted, Virginia L. ''Spanish and Mexican Censuses of New Mexico: 1750-1830''. Albuquerque, New Mexico: New Mexico Genealogical Society, 1981. (Family History Library {{FHL|19873|title-id|disp=book 978.9 X2ov 1750-1830}}.)
  
''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/Rg/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=New_Mexico.ASP New Mexico Research Outline]. ''Salt Lake City,&nbsp;Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family&nbsp;History&nbsp;Department, 1998, 2001.&nbsp;
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=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
  
<br>
+
For a list of available and missing New Mexico censuses, [[New Mexico Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
 +
 
 +
=== Why use a census?  ===
 +
 
 +
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.
 +
 
 +
=== More about censuses  ===
 +
 
 +
[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
 +
 
 +
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
 +
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
&nbsp;
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=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
 +
{{reflist}}
  
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{{Place|New Mexico}} {{USCensus}}
  
[[Category:New_Mexico]]
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[[Category:New_Mexico|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]

Revision as of 23:18, 7 May 2012

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Census  Gotoarrow.png  New Mexico  Gotoarrow.png  Census

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online New Mexico indexes and images

1910-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of New Mexico 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1850-1900

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of New Mexico 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1864 Territorial indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - Tran-
script
Tran-
script
Tran-
script
- -
1860[8] indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link


Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1850 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - - - Link Link Link - Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910 and Soundex 1870 
1930 1900 and Soundex 1860
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex 1850


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624  1870 M593
1930 T626 1900 T623 and Soundex T1061 1860 M653
1920 T625 and Soundex M1577 1880 T9 and Soundex T764 1850 M432

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of New Mexico, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for New Mexico

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans - - Link Link Link
1885 Mortality - - - - -

Microfilm images

School census of Navajo indians 1957,1961 Indian census rolls, Zuni, 1904-1935
Indian census rolls, Eastern Navajo, 1929-1935 Agency records, 1878-1926
Albuquerque school indian rolls, 1904-1907,1910,1911


  • 1870, 1860, 1850--The New Mexico State Historical Society in Santa Fe has mortality schedules. These records are not at the Family History Library.

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of New Mexico, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

New Mexico took several censuses in the years between the federal censuses. The dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.

  • 1885 Federal census of New Mexico Territory.

1845, 1830, 1827, 1826, 1823, 1822, 1816, 1802, 1790, and 1750-- Mexican and Spanish colonial censuses exist. The colonial censuses include the wife's maiden name. These censuses are incomplete and do not include all families in New Mexico.

The colonial censuses are available at:

  • The New Mexico Records Center and Archives
  • The University of New Mexico Library
  • The Family History Library.

They have been transcribed and indexed in:

  • Olmsted, Virginia L. Spanish and Mexican Colonial Censuses of New Mexico: 1790, 1823, 1845. Albuquerque, New Mexico: New Mexico Genealogical Society, 1975. (Family History Library book 978.9 X2o.)
  • Olmsted, Virginia L. Spanish and Mexican Censuses of New Mexico: 1750-1830. Albuquerque, New Mexico: New Mexico Genealogical Society, 1981. (Family History Library book 978.9 X2ov 1750-1830.)

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing New Mexico censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. The 1860 boundaries of New Mexico Territory included much of present-day New Mexico and Arizona and parts of Nevada and Colorado. The 1860 ensus enumerations exist only for present-day Arizona (as Arizona County) and New Mexico.