Difference between revisions of "New Jersey in the Civil War"

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''[[United States of America|United States]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|U.S. Civil War]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[New Jersey|New Jersey]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[New Jersey Military Records|New Jersey Military]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[New_Jersey_in_the_Civil_War|New Jersey in the Civil War]]'' <br>
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''[[United States of America|United States]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|U.S. Civil War]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[New Jersey Genealogy|New Jersey]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[New Jersey Military Records|New Jersey Military]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[New_Jersey_in_the_Civil_War|New Jersey in the Civil War]]'' <br>  
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[[Image:{{GeorgeMcClellan_and_Wife}}]]
  
 
=== Introduction  ===
 
=== Introduction  ===
  
=== Regiments  ===
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New Jersey sent over 88,000 soldiers to the Union armed forces, as part of 52 regiments. More than a fourth were part of the Army of the Potomac. Generally soldiers from New Jersey fought in eastern areas of the war.&nbsp;<ref name="wikipedia">Wikipedia.com, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Jersey_in_the_American_Civil_War New Jersey in the American Civil War], (accessed 25 March 2011).</ref> About 6,300 of these soldiers died during the war.  
 
 
*[[New Jersey Light Artillery|New Jersey Light Artillery]]<br>"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit. <br>
 
 
 
*[[1st Battalion, New Jersey Veteran Infantry|1st Battalion, New Jersey Veteran Infantry]] <br>Organized at Camp Olden, Trenton, New Jersey, and mustered in May 21, 1861.<br>Mustered out at Hall's Hill, Virginia, June 29, 1865.<br>
 
 
 
*[[1st Regiment, New Jersey Cavalry|1st Regiment, New Jersey Cavalry]]<br>"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.<br>
 
 
 
*[[1st Regiment, New Jersey Infantry|1st Regiment, New Jersey Infantry]]<br>Organized at Trenton, New Jersey, under authority of the War Department August 14, 1861, as Halsted's Cavalry.<br>Company "F" mustered out at Washington May 25, 1865. Mustered out at Cloud's Hills, Virginia., July 24, 1865.<br>
 
 
 
*[[1st Regiment, New Jersey Infantry (3 months, 1861)|1st Regiment, New Jersey Infantry (3 months, 1861)]]<br>Organized at Trenton, New Jersey, and mustered in April 30, 1861.<br>Mustered out at Newark, New Jersey, July 31, 1861.<br>
 
 
 
*[[2nd Regiment, New Jersey Cavalry|2nd Regiment, New Jersey Cavalry ]]<br>Organized at Camp Olden, Trenton, New Jersey, May 27, 1861<br>Mustered out at Hall's Hill, Virginia, July 11, 1865.<br>
 
 
 
*[[2nd Regiment, New Jersey Infantry|2nd Regiment, New Jersey Infantry ]]<br>Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.<br>
 
 
 
*[[2nd Regiment, New Jersey Infantry (3 months, 1861|2nd Regiment, New Jersey Infantry (3 months, 1861]]<br>Organized at Camp Parker, Trenton, New Jersey, and mustered in August 15, 1863.<br>Mustered out at Vicksburg, Mississippi, November 1, 1865. <br>
 
 
 
*[[2nd Regiment, New Jersey Veteran Infantry|2nd Regiment, New Jersey Veteran Infantry]]<br>Organized at Trenton, New Jersey. Enrolled April 26 and mustered in May 1, 1861.<br>Mustered out at Trenton, New Jersey, July 21, 1861, expiration of term.<br>
 
 
 
*[[3rd Battalion, New Jersey Veteran Infantry|3rd Battalion, New Jersey Veteran Infantry]]<br>Organized at Camp Bayard, Trenton, New Jersey, and mustered in by Companies as follows: Company "A" January 26, Company "C" January 22, Company "E" January 4, Company "F" January 12, Companies "G" and "H" January 6, 1864; Company "D" December 2, 1863; Company "B" January 29, and Companies "I," "K," "L" and "M" March 24, 1864.<br>Mustered out at Washington, D. C., August 1, 1865.<br>
 
  
*[[3rd Regiment, New Jersey Cavalry|3rd Regiment, New Jersey Cavalry]]<br>"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.<br>
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About 2,100 men to other states as follows:
  
*[[3rd Regiment, New Jersey Infantry|3rd Regiment, New Jersey Infantry]]<br>Organized at Camp Olden, Trenton, New Jersey, and mustered in June 4, 1861.<br>Mustered out at Hall's Hill, Virginia, June 29, 1865.<br>
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=== New Jersey Military Units  ===
  
*[[3rd Regiment, New Jersey Infantry (3 months, 1861)|3rd Regiment, New Jersey Infantry (3 months, 1861)]]<br>Regiment organized at Trenton, New Jersey, and mustered in April 27, 1861. <br>Advance on Manassas, Virginia, July 16-21. Battle of Bull Run July 21 (Reserve). Mustered out July 31, 1861. <br>
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Most units were numbered, however, some were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and other units. <br>  
  
*[[4th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry|4th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry ]]<br>Organized at Camp Olden, Trenton, New Jersey, and mustered in August 19, 1861.<br>Mustered out at Hall's Hill, Virginia, July 9, 1865.<br>
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The information in the lists of New Jersey Military Units comes from the [https://www.nps.gov/civilwar/soldiers-and-sailors-database.htm Civil War Soldiers and Sailors] web site. That web site also can be searched by the name of a soldier.  
  
*[[4th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry (3 months, 1861)|4th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry (3 months, 1861) ]]<br>Organized at Trenton, New Jersey, and mustered in April 27, 1861.<br>Battle of Bull Run July 21 (Reserve). Mustered out July 31, 1861. Expiration of term. <br>
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<br>
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<center>'''New Jersey Units by Number or by Name'''</center><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; color: black; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">'''''Union Units'''''</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[New Jersey Civil War Union Units 1st through 9th|1st-9th]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[New Jersey Civil War Union Units 10th through 45th|10th-45th]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[New Jersey Civil War Union Units A to Z|A to Z]]</div>
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<br><br><br><br>
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<center>'''New Jersey Units by Type of Unit'''</center><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; color: black; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">'''''Union Units'''''</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[New Jersey Civil War Union Infantry Units|Infantry]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[New Jersey Civil War Union Cavalry Units|Cavalry]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[New Jersey Civil War Union Artillery Units|Artillery]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[New Jersey Civil War Union Other Units|Other]]</div>  
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<br>  
  
*[[5th Regiment, New Jersey Cavalry|5th Regiment, New Jersey Cavalry ]]<br>Organized at Camp Olden, Trenton, New Jersey, and mustered in August 22, 1861.<br>Regiment lost during service 12 Officers and 126 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 85 Enlisted men by disease. Total 223. <br>
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=== Service and Pension Records  ===
  
*[[5th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry|5th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry ]]<br>"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit. <br>
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The Family History Library has microfilm copies of the federal indexes to service and pension records of Union Army soldiers. The actual service and pension records have not been filmed and are available only at the National Archives.  
  
*[[6th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry|6th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry]]&amp;<br>Organized at Camp Olden, Trenton, New Jersey, and mustered in August 19, 1861. <br>Before Petersburg until October 12. Non-Veteran mustered out at Trenton, New Jersey, September 7, 1864. Veteran Battalion consolidated with 8th New Jersey Infantry October 12, 1864.<br>
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Important published rosters from the adjutant general's office are:
  
*[[7th Regiment, New Jersey Cavalry|7th Regiment, New Jersey Cavalry]]<br>Organized at Camp Olden, Trenton, New Jersey, and mustered in September 3, 1861.<br>Duty at Washington, D. C., until July. Mustered out July 17, 1865. Non-Veterans mustered out at Trenton October 7, 1864.<br>
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:*Stryker, William S., Compiler. ''Record of Officers and Men of New Jersey in the Civil War, 1861-1865''. Two Volumes. Trenton, New Jersey: John L. Murphy, 1876. (Family History Library{{FHL|246877|title-id|disp=book 974.9 M25nr; film 1425002; on 21 Family History Library fiche 6045830}}.)
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:*New Jersey Adjutant General. ''Register of the Commissioned Officers and Privates of the New Jersey Volunteers in Service of the United States''. Three Volumes. Jersey City, New Jersey: John H. Lyon, 1863-1865. (Family History Library {{FHL|245082|title-id|disp=book 974.9 M2re; film 1036758 item 2}}.) The Family History Library has only the first volume.
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:*New Jersey Adjutant General. ''Annual Report of the Adjutant-General of the State of New Jersey for . . . 1861-1865''. Four Volumes in one. Trenton, New Jersey, 1862-1865. (Not available at the Family History Library.)
  
*[[7th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry|7th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry]]<br>"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.<br>
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==== Pension Records  ====
  
*[[8th Regiment, New Jersey Cavalry|8th Regiment, New Jersey Cavalry]]<br>"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.<br>
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'''Civil War Pension Index Cards''' - An {{RecordSearch|1471019|Index to Pension Applications}} of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. The majority of the records are of Civil War veterans, but the collection also includes records for veterans of the Spanish-American War, the Philippine Insurrection, the Indian Wars, and World War I. For more information see [[Union Pension Records|Union Pension Records]].  
  
*[[8th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry|8th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry]]<br>Organized at Camp Olden, Trenton,New Jersey, and mustered in September 14.<br>Duty at Washington until July. Mustered out July 17, 1865. <br>
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For a helpful reference, see:
  
*[[9th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry|9th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry ]]<br>Organized at Camp Olden, Trenton, New Jersey, September 13 to October 15, 1861. <br>Mustered out at Greensboro, North Carolina, July 12, 1865.<br>
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*Sinclair, Donald A. ''A Bibliography, the Civil War and New Jersey''. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Friends of the Rutgers University Library, 1968. (Family History Library {{FHL|245071|title-id|disp=book 974.9 M2s}}.)
  
*[[Battery A, New Jersey Light Artillery|Battery A, New Jersey Light Artillery]]<br>Organized at Hoboken, New Jersey, and mustered in August 12, 1861.<br>March to Richmond, thence to Washington, D. C., May 18-June 3. Corps Review June 8. Mustered out June 22, 1865. <br>
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Also see [[New Jersey in the Civil War#Civil_War_Record_Books|Civil War Record Books]] below.  
  
*[[Battery B, New Jersey Light Artillery|Battery B, New Jersey Light Artillery]]<br>Organized at Camp Olden, Trenton, New Jersey, and mustered in September 3, 1861.<br>Moved to Washington, D. C., May. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out June 16, 1865.<br>
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==== Service Records  ====
  
*[[Battery C, New Jersey Light Artillery|Battery C, New Jersey Light Artillery]]<br>Organized at Trenton, New Jersey, and mustered in September 11, 1863.<br>Moved to Washington, D. C., April 20-May 2. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out June 19, 1865.<br>
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The N.J. Secretary of State's website has digitized service records for 286 of New Jersey's black soldiers in the Civil War, 1862-1870s available online in their [http://www.state.nj.us/state/darm/links/imgcollections.html United States Colored Troops - Service Files, ca. 1862-1870s collection].  
  
*[[Battery D, New Jersey Light Artillery|Battery D, New Jersey Light Artillery]]<br>Organized at Trenton, New Jersey, and mustered in September 16, 1863.<br>At City Point until June, and at Richmond, Virginia, until June 17. Mustered out June 17, 1865. <br>
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The Compiled Service Records for Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of New Jersey have not been microfilmed and are only available from the National Archives. For more information on service records see [[Union Service Records|Union Service Records]].  
  
*[[Battery E, New Jersey Light Artillery|Battery E, New Jersey Light Artillery]]<br>Organized at Trenton, New Jersey, and mustered in September 8, 1863. Occupation of Richmond April 3. Duty at Petersburg, City Point and Richmond until June. Mustered out June 11, 1865.<br>
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=== 1890 Census Veterans Schedules  ===
  
*[[10th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry|10th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry ]]<br>Organized at Beverly, New Jersey, October 9, 1861, under authority of the War Department, as the "Olden Legion.<br>Mustered out at Hall's Hill, Virginia, June 22, 1865.<br>
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'''1890 Census Veterans Schedules''' - The "Special Schedules of the Eleventh Census (1890) Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War" (NARA M123) are available online for the state of New Jersey. The schedules list Union veterans and their widows living in New Jersey in 1890. For more information on the 1890 Veterans Schedules see [[Union Census Records|Union Census Records]].  
  
*[[11th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry|11th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry ]]<br>Organized at Camp Olden, Trenton, New Jersey, and mustered in August 15, 1862.<br>Mustered out near Washington, D. C., June 6, 1865. Veterans and recruits transferred to 12th New Jersey Infantry.<br>
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=== Photographs  ===
  
*[[12th Regiment, New Jersey Cavalry|12th Regiment, New Jersey Cavalry ]]<br>Organized at Camp Stockton, Woodbury, New Jersey, and mustered in September 4, 1862.<br>Mustered out at Washington, D. C., July 15, 1865.<br>
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The N.J. Secretary of State's website has 401 portraits of New Jersey Civil War soldiers, mostly officers, from 1861-1890s. The photographs are available online in the [http://www.nj.gov/state/archives/sdea4010.html Civil War Cartes de Visite] collection (hyperlink updated 28 Aug 2013). <br>  
  
*[[12th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry|12th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry ]]<br>"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit. <br>
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=== Civil War Record Books  ===
  
*[[13th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry|13th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry ]]<br>Organized at Camp Frelinghuysen, Newark, New Jersey, and mustered in August 25, 1862<br>Mustered out near Washington, D. C., June 8, 1865.<br>
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The Family History Library has microfilm copies of the first 290 volumes of pension claims, veterans' correspondence files, and militia enrollments from the office of the adjutant general. Volumes 291-829, which contain mostly muster rolls and discharges, were not microfilmed and are available only at the state archives.  
  
*[[14th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry|14th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry]]<br>Organized at Camp Vredenburg near Freehold, New Jersey, and mustered in August 26, 1862.<br>Mustered out near Washington, D. C., June 18, 1865.<br>
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=== Burial Records  ===
  
*[[15th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry|15th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry]]<br>Organized at Camp Fair Oaks, near Flemmington, New Jersey, and mustered in August 25, 1862.<br>Mustered out at Hall's Hill, Virginia, June 22, 1865.<br>
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The New Jersey Historical Society has an 11,000-card Index to Civil War Soldiers' Graves in New Jersey.  
  
*20th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry<br>Failed to complete organization.<br>
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*Jackson, Ronald Vern. ''Civil War Veterans Listed in the 1890 Census''. ''New Jersey 1890''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1990. (Family History Library book {{FHL|555711|title-id|disp=974.9 X22j 1890}}.) This contains the names of Civil War veterans and their widows for the special census taken along with the Federal 1890 census (Family History Library {{FHL|230777|title-id|disp=films 338200-2}}). The soldier's rank, company, regiment, date of enlistment, date of discharge, length of service, P. O. address and often street address, disability incurred, and remarks such as death date and place are given. If the soldier died before the 1890 census, his name is given with the name of the widow.
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*New Jersey [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=vcsr&GSvcid=16856 USCT Burials].
 +
*Pompey, Sherman Lee. ''New Jersey Union Soldiers Buried at Mill Springs National Cemetery, Pulaski County, Kentucky''. Eugene, Oregon&nbsp;: Western Oregon Genealogical Research Library, 1978. Available at Library of Congress.<br>
  
*[[21st Regiment, New Jersey Infantry|21st Regiment, New Jersey Infantry ]]<br>Organized at Trenton, New Jersey, and mustered in September 15, 1862.<br>Mustered out at Trenton, New Jersey, June 19, 1863.<br>
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=== New Jersey State Archives  ===
  
*[[22nd Regiment, New Jersey Infantry|22nd Regiment, New Jersey Infantry ]]<br>Organized at Trenton, New Jersey, and mustered in September 22, 1862.<br>Ordered home for muster out June, reaching Trenton June 22. Mustered out June 22, 1863.<br>
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The state archives has:
  
*[[23rd Regiment, New Jersey Infant|23rd Regiment, New Jersey Infantry]]<br>Organized at Beverly, New Jersey, and mustered in September 13, 1862.<br>Regiment volunteered for service before muster out during the Gettysburg (Pennsylvania.) Campaign, and moved to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Mustered out June 27, 1863.<br>
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*''Alphabetical Roll of New Jersey Volunteers in the Civil War''. (Family History Library {{FHL|159114|title-id|disp=}}; 579864 [I- P]; 579865 [Q-W]]; names W-Z were not filmed.)
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*''Civil War Pension Claims, New Jersey Soldiers, Alphabetical''. (Family History Library {{FHL|200338|title-id|disp=film 579866 item 1}}.) This is a list of invalid soldiers or their widows who applied for pensions from 1880-87.
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*''New Jersey Civil War Records, Books 1-829''. Trenton, New Jersey: State Library of Archives and History, 1969. (On 121 Family History Library films starting with {{FHL|357409|title-id|disp=579872}}.) Film 578155 has an inventory of the contents of the books.
  
*[[24th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry|24th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry]]<br>Organized at Camp Cadwallader, Beverly, New Jersey, and mustered in September 16, 1862.<br>Mustered out at Beverly, New Jersey, June 29, 1863.<br>
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Books 1-106 contain pension claims to the year 1907. They are in alphabetical order.  
  
*[[25th_Regiment,_New_Jersey_Infantry|25th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry]]<br>Organized at Beverly, New Jersey, and mustered in Companies "A," "C," "E," "H" and "K" September 18, and Companies "B," "D,@ "F." "G" and "I" September 26, 1862.<br>Mustered out at Beverly, New Jersey, June 20, 1863.<br>
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Books 107-108 contain pension claims after 1917.  
  
*26th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry <br>Organized at Camp Frelinghuysen, Newark, New Jersey, and mustered in September 18, 1862.<br>Mustered out at Newark,New Jersey, June 27, 1863.<br>
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Books 109-152 contain correspondence with the New Jersey Adjutant General's office.  
  
*27th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry <br>Organized at Camp Frelinghuysen, Newark, New Jersey, and mustered in September 3, 1862. <br>Moved to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania., June 26, thence to New Jersey and mustered out July 2, 1863.<br><br>
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Books 153-200 contain lists of all men ages 18-45. They are listed by county and township.  
  
*28th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry<br>Organized at Freehold and mustered in September 15, 1862.<br>Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Mustered out July 6, 1863.
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==== Grand Army of the Republic (GAR)  ====
  
*29th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry <br>Organized at Freehold, New Jersey, and mustered in September 20, 1862.<br>Battle of Chancellorsville May 2-5. Ordered home for muster out June. Mustered out July 6, 1863.<br>
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Grand Army of the Republic founded in 1866 - 1956, was the largest veteran’s organization in the country after the Civil War. It was a fraternal organization members were veterans of the Union Army, US Navy, Marines and Revenue Cutler Service who served in the American Civil War. The group supported voting rights for black veterans, and lobbied the U.S. Congress to establish veterans' pensions. In 1890 the membership was 490,000.  
  
*30th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry <br>Organized at Flemmington, New Jersey, and mustered in September 17, 1862.<br>Battle of Chancellorsville May 2-5. Ordered home for muster out June. Mustered out June 27, 1863.<br>
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In 1888 there were 109 posts and 7,296 members in the state of New Jersey  
  
*31st Regiment, New Jersey Infantry <br>Organized at Flemmington, New Jersey, and mustered in September 17, 1862. <br>Battle of Chancellorsville May 2-5. Ordered home for muster out June. Mustered out June 24, 1863.<br>
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[http://suvcw.org/garposts/nj.pdf GAR Posts in the State of New Jersey]
  
*33rd Regiment, New Jersey Infantry <br>Organized at Newark, New Jersey, and mustered in September 3, 1863.<br>Mustered out at Washington, D. C., July 17, 1865.<br>
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The FamilySearch Catalog lists records of the [https://familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&keyword=New+Jersey+Grand+Army+of+the+Republic&prekeyword=New+Jersey+Grand+Army+of+the+Republic New Jersey Grand Army of the Rebuplic].  
  
*34th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry <br>Organization commenced at Beverly, New Jersey. Company "A" mustered in September 3; Company "C" September 21, and Company "G" September 23, 1863. Transferred to Trenton, New Jersey, October 3, 1863, and Company "B" organized October 15; Company "D" October 6; Company "E" October 26; Company "F" October 8; Company "H" October 6; Company "I" October 20, and Company "K" November 9, 1863.<br>Mustered out April 10, 1866. Discharged at Trenton, New Jersey, April 30, 1866.<br>
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=== Other Sources  ===
  
*35th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry <br>Organized at Flemmington, New Jersey, and mustered in by Companies as follows: Company "A" August 28; Company "B" September 25; Company "C" September 15; Company "D" October 13; Companies "E" and "F" September 18; Company "G" September 21 at Freehold; Company "I" September 18, and Company "K" September 15, 1863. <br>Moved to Louisville, Kentucky, June 5, and duty there until July. Mustered out July 20, 1865.<br>
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*Bilby, Joseph G. and Goble, William C. Remember You are Jerseymen: A Military History of New Jersey's Troops in the Civil War. Hightstown,New Jersey: Longstreet House, c1998 FHL book 974.9M2bj [http://www.worldcat.org/title/remember-you-are-jerseymen-a-military-history-of-new-jerseys-troops-in-the-civil-war/oclc/39699052 WorldCat]<br>
  
*37th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry<br>Organized at Camp Delaware, Trenton,New Jersey, and mustered in June 23, 1864. Mustered out at Trenton, New Jersey, October 1, 1864<br>
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*Ferguson, Joseph. ''Life-struggles in rebel prisons: a record of the sufferings, escapes, adventures and starvation of the Union prisoners.'' (Washington [District of Columbia]: Library of Congress, Photo duplication Service, 1988), {{FHL|598188|item|disp=FHL film 1550131 }} and (Bethesda, Maryland: University Publications of America, c1992), {{FHL|789498|item|disp=FHL fiche 6083443}}.
  
*38th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry<br>Organized at Trenton, New Jersey, and mustered in by Companies as follows: Company "A" September 22, Company "B" September 9, Company "C" September 10, Company "D" September 24, Company "E" October 1, Company "F" September 22, Company "G" September 27, Company "H" September 30, Company "I" September 12, and Company "K" September 15, 1864. Left State by detachments, Companies "B," "C," "I" and "K" September 20, 1864; Companies "A," "D" and "F" September 29, 1864, and Companies "E," "G" and "H" October 4, 1861, for City Point, Virginia. Attached to Separate Brigade, Army of the James, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, and assigned to garrison duty at Fort Powhatan, James River, until April, 1865.&lt;br Moved to City Point and mustered out June 30, 1865.<br>
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*New Jersey cavalry, 1861-1865. ''Clothing books.'' (Salt Lake City, Utah&nbsp;: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973), {{FHL|330885|item|disp=FHL film 944711}} and {{FHL|340970|item|disp=FHL Film 944719}} and ''Consolidated morning report book.''{{FHL|331214|item|disp=FHL book film 944845}} and {{FHL|331211|item|disp=FHL book Film 944839}}
  
*39th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry <br>Organized at Newark, New Jersey, October 3, 1864. <br>Moved to City Point, thence to Washington and Alexandria April 20-27. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out June 17, 1865.<br>
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==== Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War  ====
  
*40th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry<br>Organized at Trenton, New Jersey, February 2, 1865.<br>Washington, D. C., May 18-June 3. Corps Review June 8. Mustered out July 13, 1865.<br>
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With the death of the last member of the Grand Army of the Republic the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War was formed.  
  
*41st Regiment, New Jersey Infantry<br>Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit. <br>
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<br>
  
*Volunteer Recruits, Hoboken, New Jersey <br>"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.<br>
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=== References  ===
  
*Unassigned New Jersey<br>"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit. <br>
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<references />  
  
*Van Reypen's Unattached Company, New Jersey Cavalry <br>"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.<br><br><br>
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<br> {{U.S. Civil War}}
  
 
[[Category:New_Jersey_-_Military_-_Civil_War,_1861-1865]]
 
[[Category:New_Jersey_-_Military_-_Civil_War,_1861-1865]]

Latest revision as of 22:40, 26 May 2017

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Civil War  Gotoarrow.png  New Jersey  Gotoarrow.png  New Jersey Military  Gotoarrow.png  New Jersey in the Civil War

General George B McClellan and wife, Ellen Mary Marcy

Introduction

New Jersey sent over 88,000 soldiers to the Union armed forces, as part of 52 regiments. More than a fourth were part of the Army of the Potomac. Generally soldiers from New Jersey fought in eastern areas of the war. [1] About 6,300 of these soldiers died during the war.

About 2,100 men to other states as follows:

New Jersey Military Units

Most units were numbered, however, some were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and other units.

The information in the lists of New Jersey Military Units comes from the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors web site. That web site also can be searched by the name of a soldier.


New Jersey Units by Number or by Name
Union Units
1st-9th
10th-45th
A to Z





New Jersey Units by Type of Unit
Union Units
Infantry
Cavalry
Artillery
Other


Service and Pension Records

The Family History Library has microfilm copies of the federal indexes to service and pension records of Union Army soldiers. The actual service and pension records have not been filmed and are available only at the National Archives.

Important published rosters from the adjutant general's office are:

  • Stryker, William S., Compiler. Record of Officers and Men of New Jersey in the Civil War, 1861-1865. Two Volumes. Trenton, New Jersey: John L. Murphy, 1876. (Family History Librarybook 974.9 M25nr; film 1425002; on 21 Family History Library fiche 6045830.)
  • New Jersey Adjutant General. Register of the Commissioned Officers and Privates of the New Jersey Volunteers in Service of the United States. Three Volumes. Jersey City, New Jersey: John H. Lyon, 1863-1865. (Family History Library book 974.9 M2re; film 1036758 item 2.) The Family History Library has only the first volume.
  • New Jersey Adjutant General. Annual Report of the Adjutant-General of the State of New Jersey for . . . 1861-1865. Four Volumes in one. Trenton, New Jersey, 1862-1865. (Not available at the Family History Library.)

Pension Records

Civil War Pension Index Cards - An Index to Pension Applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. The majority of the records are of Civil War veterans, but the collection also includes records for veterans of the Spanish-American War, the Philippine Insurrection, the Indian Wars, and World War I. For more information see Union Pension Records.

For a helpful reference, see:

  • Sinclair, Donald A. A Bibliography, the Civil War and New Jersey. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Friends of the Rutgers University Library, 1968. (Family History Library book 974.9 M2s.)

Also see Civil War Record Books below.

Service Records

The N.J. Secretary of State's website has digitized service records for 286 of New Jersey's black soldiers in the Civil War, 1862-1870s available online in their United States Colored Troops - Service Files, ca. 1862-1870s collection.

The Compiled Service Records for Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of New Jersey have not been microfilmed and are only available from the National Archives. For more information on service records see Union Service Records.

1890 Census Veterans Schedules

1890 Census Veterans Schedules - The "Special Schedules of the Eleventh Census (1890) Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War" (NARA M123) are available online for the state of New Jersey. The schedules list Union veterans and their widows living in New Jersey in 1890. For more information on the 1890 Veterans Schedules see Union Census Records.

Photographs

The N.J. Secretary of State's website has 401 portraits of New Jersey Civil War soldiers, mostly officers, from 1861-1890s. The photographs are available online in the Civil War Cartes de Visite collection (hyperlink updated 28 Aug 2013).

Civil War Record Books

The Family History Library has microfilm copies of the first 290 volumes of pension claims, veterans' correspondence files, and militia enrollments from the office of the adjutant general. Volumes 291-829, which contain mostly muster rolls and discharges, were not microfilmed and are available only at the state archives.

Burial Records

The New Jersey Historical Society has an 11,000-card Index to Civil War Soldiers' Graves in New Jersey.

  • Jackson, Ronald Vern. Civil War Veterans Listed in the 1890 Census. New Jersey 1890. Salt Lake City, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1990. (Family History Library book 974.9 X22j 1890.) This contains the names of Civil War veterans and their widows for the special census taken along with the Federal 1890 census (Family History Library films 338200-2). The soldier's rank, company, regiment, date of enlistment, date of discharge, length of service, P. O. address and often street address, disability incurred, and remarks such as death date and place are given. If the soldier died before the 1890 census, his name is given with the name of the widow.
  • New Jersey USCT Burials.
  • Pompey, Sherman Lee. New Jersey Union Soldiers Buried at Mill Springs National Cemetery, Pulaski County, Kentucky. Eugene, Oregon : Western Oregon Genealogical Research Library, 1978. Available at Library of Congress.

New Jersey State Archives

The state archives has:

  • Alphabetical Roll of New Jersey Volunteers in the Civil War. (Family History Library [1]; 579864 [I- P]; 579865 [Q-W]]; names W-Z were not filmed.)
  • Civil War Pension Claims, New Jersey Soldiers, Alphabetical. (Family History Library film 579866 item 1.) This is a list of invalid soldiers or their widows who applied for pensions from 1880-87.
  • New Jersey Civil War Records, Books 1-829. Trenton, New Jersey: State Library of Archives and History, 1969. (On 121 Family History Library films starting with 579872.) Film 578155 has an inventory of the contents of the books.

Books 1-106 contain pension claims to the year 1907. They are in alphabetical order.

Books 107-108 contain pension claims after 1917.

Books 109-152 contain correspondence with the New Jersey Adjutant General's office.

Books 153-200 contain lists of all men ages 18-45. They are listed by county and township.

Grand Army of the Republic (GAR)

Grand Army of the Republic founded in 1866 - 1956, was the largest veteran’s organization in the country after the Civil War. It was a fraternal organization members were veterans of the Union Army, US Navy, Marines and Revenue Cutler Service who served in the American Civil War. The group supported voting rights for black veterans, and lobbied the U.S. Congress to establish veterans' pensions. In 1890 the membership was 490,000.

In 1888 there were 109 posts and 7,296 members in the state of New Jersey

GAR Posts in the State of New Jersey

The FamilySearch Catalog lists records of the New Jersey Grand Army of the Rebuplic.

Other Sources

  • Bilby, Joseph G. and Goble, William C. Remember You are Jerseymen: A Military History of New Jersey's Troops in the Civil War. Hightstown,New Jersey: Longstreet House, c1998 FHL book 974.9M2bj WorldCat
  • Ferguson, Joseph. Life-struggles in rebel prisons: a record of the sufferings, escapes, adventures and starvation of the Union prisoners. (Washington [District of Columbia]: Library of Congress, Photo duplication Service, 1988), FHL film 1550131 and (Bethesda, Maryland: University Publications of America, c1992), FHL fiche 6083443.

Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War

With the death of the last member of the Grand Army of the Republic the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War was formed.


References

  1. Wikipedia.com, New Jersey in the American Civil War, (accessed 25 March 2011).