Difference between revisions of "New Jersey Census"

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[New Jersey|New Jersey]]  >  [[New_Jersey_Census]]''  
+
''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[New Jersey|New Jersey]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[New_Jersey_Census|Census]]''  
  
== Available and Lost Census Schedules ==
+
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|-
 +
| width="44%" | __TOC__
 +
| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
 +
*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
 +
*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
 +
 
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[New Jersey Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
=== Online New Jersey indexes and images ===
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" border="1"
+
{{Census Online New Jersey}}
|+ '''NEW JERSEY:&nbsp; Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules'''<ref>William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16509993&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;referer=brief_results Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 60-67, and William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/41640325&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;referer=brief_results The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes]'' (Bountiful, Utah: HeritageQuest, 1999), 104, and ''[http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;dq=A+Census+of+Pensioners+for+Revolutionary+or+Military+Services&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;printsec=frontcover&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;source=bl&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;ots=W0WZrdm6i0&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;sig=jYVSDAIoCz3Nsa0f8tBvJhDM6Eg&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;hl=en&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;ei=B7rHSf2JJ8bgnQfKhPHnDQ&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;sa=X&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oi=book_result&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;resnum=5&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;ct=result A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: with Their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshals of the Several Judicial Districts, under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]'' (Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives, 1841), 49-61. Digitized by Google Book in 2008.</ref>
+
 
 +
=== Federal population schedules  ===
 +
 
 +
==== Microfilm images  ====
 +
 
 +
Copies of these censuses can be found in the following repositories: National Archives and all of its regional centers, Family History Library, New Jersey Historical Society, New Jersey State Archives, Newark Public Library, Rutgers University Library and the New Jersey State Library.
 +
 
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
{| width="700" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''  
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" width="90" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | &nbsp;
+
| 1940 N/A
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Population Schedules'''
+
| {{FHL|638161|title-id|disp=1910 and Soundex}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Vets'''
+
| {{FHL|698911|title-id|disp=1870&nbsp;}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Slave'''
 
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Mortal'''
 
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Agricu'''
 
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Indust'''
 
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Defect'''
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1793'''
+
| {{FHL|1037460|title-id|disp=1930}}
| Substitute for the missing 1790 Census
+
| {{FHL|638290|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
| &nbsp;
+
| {{FHL|705446|title-id|disp=1860}}
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1800''' Aug 4
+
| {{FHL|576584|title-id|disp=1920&nbsp;and Soundex}}
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | All lost, except extant for Cumberland County.
+
| {{FHL|676494|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;  
+
| {{FHL|744490|title-id|disp=1850}}
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1810''' Aug 6
+
| <br>
| All&nbsp;lost.&nbsp;
+
| <br>
| &nbsp;
+
| <br>
| &nbsp;
+
|}
| &nbsp;
+
 
| &nbsp;
+
<br>
| &nbsp;
+
 
| &nbsp;
+
{| width="700" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1820 '''Aug 7
+
| 1940 N/A
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | All lost.&nbsp;
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-08.html#new-jersey 1900 T623]and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-04.html#new-jersey Soundex T1060]
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#new-jersey 1860 M653]
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1830''' Jun 1
+
| [http://1930census.archives.gov/beginSearch.asp 1930 T626]
| Exist for all counties.  
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-08.html 1890 fragments M407]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-08.html#ic index M496]
| &nbsp;  
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-03.html#new-jersey 1850 M432]
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1840''' Jun 1
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-08.html#new-jersey 1920 T625]&nbsp;<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282155234914_935" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282155234914_56" />and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-04.html#new-jersey Soundex M1576]
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist for all counties.  
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#new-jersey 1880 T9]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#new-jersey Soundex T763]
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1840 1840&nbsp;M704]&nbsp;
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;  
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;  
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1850''' Jun 1
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-03.html#new-jersey 1910 T624]
| Exist for all counties, free schedules.  
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html 1870 M593]
| &nbsp;
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1830 1830 M19]
| Exist
+
|}
| Exist
+
 
| &nbsp;
+
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
| &nbsp;
+
 
| &nbsp;
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of New Jersey, [[New Jersey Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
 +
 
 +
=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
 +
 
 +
==== Online indexes and images  ====
 +
 
 +
{| width="77%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1860''' Jun 1
+
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for New Jersey'''</font>
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist for all counties.
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1870''' Jun 1
+
| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
| Exist for all counties.
+
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free'''  
| &nbsp;  
+
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
| &nbsp;  
+
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
| Exist
 
| &nbsp;  
 
| &nbsp; &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1880''' Jun 1
+
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''  
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist for all counties.
+
| width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Type'''
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Census Bureau'''
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist
+
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Google Book'''
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp; &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp; &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1890''' Jun 2
+
| '''1890'''  
| Only Jersey City in Hudson County; the rest is lost.&nbsp;
+
| width="20%" | Veterans
| Exist&nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1900''' Jun 1
+
| '''1880'''  
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist for all counties.
+
| width="20%" | Defective
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1910''' Apr 15
+
| '''1880'''  
| Exist for all counties.  
+
| width="20%" | Mortality
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1920''' Jan 1
+
| '''1870'''  
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist for all counties.  
+
| Mortality
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1930''' Apr 1
+
| '''1860'''  
| Exist for all counties.  
+
| Mortality
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1940'''  
+
| '''1850'''
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Public release coming in 2012
+
| Slave owner
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/results/image?urn=urn%3Aproquest%3AUS%3Bcensus%3B12159696%3B-1%3B7%3B18&searchtype=3&offset=1&locthreadid=8194799&hitcount=4245 Link]<ref name="HQSlave">HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.</ref>
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1850'''  
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1840'''
 +
| Pensioners
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1786457 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
 +
| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 
|}
 
|}
  
<br>
+
==== Microfilm images  ====
 
 
== Availability<br> ==
 
 
 
'''1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, '''and '''1920:'''
 
 
 
Copies of these censuses can be found in the following repositories: National Archives&nbsp;and all of its regional centers,&nbsp;Family History Library,&nbsp;New Jersey Historical Society,&nbsp;New Jersey State Archives,&nbsp;Newark Public Library,&nbsp;Rutgers University Library and the New Jersey State Library.
 
 
 
'''''1850 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1401638 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site]. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1850, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
 
 
 
<br>'''1860 United States Census'''''—''A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site.] This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors''.''
 
 
 
'''&nbsp;1870 United States Census---'''A free internet index and images can be viewed on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch Record Pilot site]. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.
 
 
 
'''1880 United States Census'''''– ''A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1417683 Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site.] This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; '''1790, 1800 '''(except Cumberland County), '''1810''', and '''1820''' censuses are missing
 
 
 
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''1890''' census (except the 17 names of the Nelson, Cross, and Clooney families from Jersey City,&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Hudson&nbsp;County) was destroyed&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; '''1890''' schedule of Union veterans and widows has survived
 
 
 
The [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/United_States_Census United States Census] article provides detailed information about these records.
 
 
 
<br>'''Census Substitutes<br>'''Search the tax ratables described in [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/New_Jersey_Taxation New Jersey Taxation]. Also see the 1793 militia census described in [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/New_Jersey_Military_Records New Jersey Military Records]. <br>
 
 
 
'''1900 Federal Census''' - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the&nbsp; [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#start FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1236863911171_679" />]. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.
 
 
 
== Historical Background <br> ==
 
 
 
'''1664-1676'''--New Jersey consisted of two separate proprietorships, East and West Jersey.<br>'''1702'''--The two Jerseys were united to form a singel royal colony.<br>'''1776'''--New Jersey declared itself an independent state.&nbsp;
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
== Indexes ==
 
 
 
'''1800''' (Cumberland County), '''1830 1840, 1850 '''and&nbsp;'''1860'''--Statewide indexes are available in books.
 
 
 
'''1800''' (Cumberland County), '''1830 1840, '''and'''1850'''--Statewide indexes are available in microfiche.
 
 
 
'''1880''' (partial), '''1900''' and '''1920'''--Soundex (phonetic) indexes are available.&nbsp;
 
 
 
County-wide indexes are listed in the Family History Library Catalog Locality Search under NEW JERSEY, [COUNTY] - CENSUS.
 
 
 
*Kirkham, E. Kay. ''A Handy Guide to Record- Searching in the Larger Cities of the United States''. Logan, Utah: Everton, 1974. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=216818&disp=A+handy+guide+to+record%2Dsearching+in+t%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 973 D27kc,&nbsp;fiche 6010059-60].) Includes ward maps and street indexes for Camden in 1878.
 
*Buckway, G. Eileen.&nbsp;<span id="1217450264587S" style="display: none">&nbsp;</span>''U.S. 1910 Federal Census: Unindexed States: A Guide to Finding Census Enumeration Districts for Unindexed Cities, Towns, and Villages. ''Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Library'', 1992. ''<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1217450264577_307" />(Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=594710&disp=U%2ES%2E+1910+federal+census+%3A+unindex%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 973 X2bu,&nbsp;fiche 6101340].)
 
*United States.''Bureau of the Census. Cross Index to Selected City Streets and Enumeration Districts, 1910 Census. ''Washington, DC: National Archives, [1984]. (51 Family History Library&nbsp;[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=232848&disp=Cross+index+to+selected+city+streets+and++ fiche 6331481].) Lists street addresses of Elizabeth (fiche 19), Newark (fiche 25), and Patterson (fiche 36) with corresponding census enumeration districts.
 
*Buckway, G. Eileen. ''U.S. State and Special Census Register''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Library, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1992. (Family History Library&nbsp;[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=614493&disp=U.S.+state+and+special+census+regist++ fiche 6104851-52].) <br>
 
 
 
== Special Censuses  ==
 
 
 
==== Colonial Censuses  ====
 
 
 
The colonial censuses taken in 1726, 1738, 1745, and 1772 were destroyed. Various other records can substitute for colonial censuses. These include lists of petitioners, residents, freeholders, quit renters, jurists, voters, and taxpayers. Many of these lists have been published in periodicals. For a helpful guide in locating these lists, refer to:
 
 
 
*Stemmons, John D. ''The United States Census Compendium''. Logan, Utah: Everton Publishers, 1973. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=286972&disp=The+United+States+census+compendium%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 973 X2st].)&nbsp;
 
 
 
<br>A colonial census of the early Swedish settlers in New Jersey has been published in the following:
 
 
 
*Craig, Peter Stebbins. ''The 1693 Census of the Swedes on the Delaware: Family Histories of the Swedish Lutheran Church Members Residing in Pennsylvania, Delaware, West New Jersey and Cecil County, Maryland, 1638-1693. ''Studies in Swedish American Genealogy 3. Winter Park, Florida: SAG Publications, 1993. (Family History Library&nbsp;[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=633634&disp=The+1693+census+of+the+Swedes+on+the+Del%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 973 X4c].)&nbsp; Includes index and bibliography.
 
 
 
==== Slave Holder Schedules  ====
 
 
 
'''1850 United States Census Slave Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Slave Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1420440;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site] listing each '''slave owner's''' name and residence. It also shows the age, gender, and color of the slaves. Slave names are not normally listed.
 
 
 
&nbsp;
 
 
 
'''Mortality Schedules'''
 
 
 
&nbsp;'''1850-1880--The 1850, 1860, 1870''', and '''1880''' censuses have mortality schedules, which are lists of the people who died in the&nbsp;year before the census was taken.&nbsp;&nbsp;The&nbsp;censuses are at the New Jersey State Library. Microfilm copies are at the state archives, the New Jersey Historical Society, and the National Archives in Washington, D.C.
 
 
 
At the Family History Library mortality schedules are listed as:
 
 
 
*United States. Census Office. ''Census of New Jersey, 1850-1880''; Third Series (of Persons Who Died During the Years Ending 30 June 1850, 1 June 1860; 1 June 1870; 31 May 1880. Trenton, New Jersey: State Library of Archives and History, Department of Education, 1996. (Family History Library&nbsp;[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=265451&disp=Census+of+New+Jersey%2C+1850-1880%3B+t++ films 802952-55].) The 1880 schedules are for Atlantic to Hudson counties only.
 
 
 
The schedule for 1850 is indexed in:
 
 
 
*George, Shirley J. and Sandra E. Glenn. ''New Jersey 1850 Mortality Schedule Index''. Columbus, New Jersey: G. &amp; G. Genealogical Book, 1982. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=423882&disp=New+Jersey+1850+mortality+schedule+index%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 974.9 X22g]) &nbsp;[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules 1850-1880]
 
 
 
&nbsp;
 
 
 
'''Veterans Schedules'''
 
 
 
The '''1890''' schedule of Union veterans and widows has survived. See:
 
 
 
United States. Census Office. ''11th Census, 1890''. Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War. File Microcopies of Records in the National Archives, number 123. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1948. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=230777&disp=Schedules+enumerating+Union+veterans+and++ films 338200-202].) Indexed in:
 
 
 
Jackson, Ronald Vern. ''New Jersey 1890''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1990. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=555711&disp=New+Jersey+1890%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 974.9 X22j&nbsp;1890].) The index does not include the 17 people in the surviving Jersey City, New Jersey population schedules. <br>
 
 
 
== State Censuses  ==
 
 
 
&nbsp;State censuses were taken beginning in 1855. Some records are missing, as indicated below:
 
 
 
'''1855'''&nbsp;- Missing Burlington, Cape May, Mercer, Middlesex, Ocean, and Salem counties and incomplete for the others.
 
 
 
'''1865 -'''&nbsp;Missing Cape May, Mercer, Morris, Ocean, Somerset, and Warren counties and incomplete for the others.
 
 
 
'''1875''' - Only Sussex and Essex counties are available.
 
 
 
'''1885, 1895, 1905, 1915 -'''&nbsp;All counties are available.
 
 
 
&nbsp;
 
 
 
The original records and microfilm copies of state censuses are at the New Jersey State Archives. &nbsp;Copies of the 1905 and 1915 censuses are also at the New Jersey Department of Health.&nbsp; The Newark Public Library, New Jersey State Library, Rutgers University Library, and Family History Library have microfilm copies of all New Jersey state censuses.&nbsp;
 
 
 
*Buckway, G. Eileen. ''U.S. State and Special Census Register''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Library, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1992. (Family History Library book 973 X2be,&nbsp;fiche 6104851-52.)
 
 
 
&nbsp;
 
  
== Territorial Censuses  ==
+
*United States. Census Office. ''11th Census, 1890''. Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War. File Microcopies of Records in the National Archives, number 123. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1948. (Family History Library {{FHL|230777|title-id|disp=films 338200-202}}.)
 +
*United States. Census Office. ''Census of New Jersey, 1850-1880''; Third Series (of Persons Who Died During the Years Ending 30 June 1850, 1 June 1860; 1 June 1870; 31 May 1880. Trenton, New Jersey: State Library of Archives and History, Department of Education, 1996. (Family History Library&nbsp;{{FHL|265451|title-id|disp=films 802952-55}}.) The 1880 schedules are for Atlantic to Hudson counties only.
  
New Jersey has no Territorial Census.
+
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
== &nbsp;Web Sites  ==
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of New Jersey, [[New Jersey Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].
  
[http://www.ancestry.com Ancestry]&nbsp; $$
+
=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses  ===
  
[http://www.heritagequestonline.com Heritage Quest Online]:&nbsp;&nbsp;Available through many public libraries
+
New Jersey often took censuses in the years between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.  
  
[http://www.census-online.com/links/NJ/ Census Online]
+
The original records and microfilm copies of state censuses are at the New Jersey State Archives. Copies of the 1905 and 1915 censuses are also at the New Jersey Department of Health. The Newark Public Library, New Jersey State Library, Rutgers University Library, and Family History Library have microfilm copies of all New Jersey state censuses. State censuses were taken beginning in 1855. Some records are missing, as indicated below:
  
[http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/nj/census.html Genealogy Today]  
+
*'''1885, 1895, 1905, 1915 -''' All counties are available.
 +
*'''1875''' - Only Sussex and Essex counties are available.
 +
*'''1865 -''' Missing Cape May, Mercer, Morris, Ocean, Somerset, and Warren counties and incomplete for the others.
 +
*'''1855''' - Missing Burlington, Cape May, Mercer, Middlesex, Ocean, and Salem counties and incomplete for the others.
 +
*'''1693''' A special census was taken of Swedes who were associated with the Swedish Lutheran Church and who were living in Pennsylvania, Delaware, west New Jersey, and Cecil County, Maryland. The census and an index to it are in Craig, Peter Stebbins. ''The 1693 Census of the Swedes on the Delaware''. Winter Park, Florida: SAG Publications, 1993. (Family History Library {{FHL|633634|title-id|disp=book 973 X4c}}.) <br>
 +
*'''1671''' New Castle County, Delaware; Philadelphia and Delaware counties in Pennsylvania; and Burlington County, New Jersey.<ref>Peter Stebbins Craig, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43441025 1671 Census of the Delaware]'' (Philadelphia, Pa.: Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania, 1999)[FHL Book 974 X2c 1671].</ref>
  
[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/newjersey.htm Access Genealogy]
+
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
  
[http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives]
+
For a list of available and missing New Jersey censuses, [[New Jersey Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
[http://www.jerseyhistory.org/ New Jersey Historical Society]
+
=== Why use a census?  ===
  
[http://www.state.nj.us/state/darm/links/archives.html New Jersey State Archives]
+
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
[http://www.npl.org/ Newark Public Library]
+
=== More about censuses  ===
  
[http://www.libraries.rutgers.edu/ Rutgers University Library]
+
[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:  
  
[http://www.njstatelib.org/ New Jersey State Library]  
+
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
 +
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules]
+
=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
[http://www.censusfinder.com/new_jersey.htm Census Finder New Jersey]&nbsp;: contains links to online censuses, including censuses on a county level.
+
{{reflist}}
  
<br>
+
{{Place|New Jersey}} {{USCensus}} {{New Jersey|New Jersey}}
  
References
+
'''Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:'''
  
''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/Rg/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=New_Jersey.ASP New Jersey Research Outline]''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.<br>
+
*[[New Jersey 1885 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*[[New Jersey State Census, 1905 (Family Search Historical Records)|New Jersey State Census, 1905 (Family Search Historical Records)]]<br>
  
[[Category:New_Jersey|Census]]
+
[[Category:New_Jersey|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]

Revision as of 16:17, 5 July 2012

United States  go to  U.S. Census  go to  New Jersey  go to  Census

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online New Jersey indexes and images

1900-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of New Jersey 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - - - - - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link


Link
images - Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1830-1895

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of New Jersey 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1895 State indexes - - - - - Link  Link  Link  - -
images - - - - - Link  Link  Link  - -
partial 1890 indexes - - Link Link - Link Link Link - -
images - - - Link - Link Link Link - -
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link


Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1850 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Copies of these censuses can be found in the following repositories: National Archives and all of its regional centers, Family History Library, New Jersey Historical Society, New Jersey State Archives, Newark Public Library, Rutgers University Library and the New Jersey State Library.


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910 and Soundex 1870 
1930 1900 and Soundex 1860
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex 1850




Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1900 T623and Soundex T1060 1860 M653
1930 T626 1890 fragments M407 and index M496 1850 M432
1920 T625 and Soundex M1576 1880 T9 and Soundex T763 1840 M704 
1910 T624 1870 M593 1830 M19

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of New Jersey, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for New Jersey

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans Link - - - Link Link Link
1880 Defective - - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1850 Slave owner Link - - Link[8] Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners Link BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

  • United States. Census Office. 11th Census, 1890. Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War. File Microcopies of Records in the National Archives, number 123. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1948. (Family History Library films 338200-202.)
  • United States. Census Office. Census of New Jersey, 1850-1880; Third Series (of Persons Who Died During the Years Ending 30 June 1850, 1 June 1860; 1 June 1870; 31 May 1880. Trenton, New Jersey: State Library of Archives and History, Department of Education, 1996. (Family History Library films 802952-55.) The 1880 schedules are for Atlantic to Hudson counties only.

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of New Jersey, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

New Jersey often took censuses in the years between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.

The original records and microfilm copies of state censuses are at the New Jersey State Archives. Copies of the 1905 and 1915 censuses are also at the New Jersey Department of Health. The Newark Public Library, New Jersey State Library, Rutgers University Library, and Family History Library have microfilm copies of all New Jersey state censuses. State censuses were taken beginning in 1855. Some records are missing, as indicated below:

  • 1885, 1895, 1905, 1915 - All counties are available.
  • 1875 - Only Sussex and Essex counties are available.
  • 1865 - Missing Cape May, Mercer, Morris, Ocean, Somerset, and Warren counties and incomplete for the others.
  • 1855 - Missing Burlington, Cape May, Mercer, Middlesex, Ocean, and Salem counties and incomplete for the others.
  • 1693 A special census was taken of Swedes who were associated with the Swedish Lutheran Church and who were living in Pennsylvania, Delaware, west New Jersey, and Cecil County, Maryland. The census and an index to it are in Craig, Peter Stebbins. The 1693 Census of the Swedes on the Delaware. Winter Park, Florida: SAG Publications, 1993. (Family History Library book 973 X4c.)
  • 1671 New Castle County, Delaware; Philadelphia and Delaware counties in Pennsylvania; and Burlington County, New Jersey.[9]

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing New Jersey censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.
  9. Peter Stebbins Craig, 1671 Census of the Delaware (Philadelphia, Pa.: Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania, 1999)[FHL Book 974 X2c 1671].


Wiki articles describing online collections are found at: