New Hampshire in the Civil War

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United States   Gotoarrow.png   U.S. Military   Gotoarrow.png   New Hampshire   Gotoarrow.png   New Hampshire Military   Gotoarrow.png  New Hampsire in the Civil War


Introduction

New Hampshire men contributed greatly to the Union forces during the Civil War. In total there were 836 officers and 31,650 enlisted men during the 4 years of war.

Major Otis F.R. Waite, New Hampshire in the Great Rebellion, (Claremont, New Hampshire, Tracy, Chase & Company, 1870) - Google Books, (accessed 25 Feb 2011).  History of the contributions New Hampshire gave to the Civil War.  This book can also be found in the Family History Library. FHL US/CAN Fiche 6118818 (7 fiche)  or FHL US/CAN Book 974.2 M2w.


New Hampshire Military Units

Most units were numbered, however, some were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and other units.

The information in the lists of New Hampshire Military Units comes from the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors web site. That web site also can be searched by the name of a soldier.


New Hampshire Units by Number or by Name
Union Units
1st-10th
11th-18th
A to Z





New Hampshire Units by Type of Unit
Union Units
Infantry
Cavalry
Artillery
Militia
Other





Sources and Resources 

Civil War (1861–1865)

Indexes to the service and pension records are available at the Family History Library. The actual service and pension records are available only at the National Archives. For records of New Hampshire soldiers see:

United States. Adjutant General’s Office. Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of New Hampshire. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M0549. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1964. (Family History Library films 882018–30.)

Civil War Service Record, Card File Index, 1860–1865. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1975. (On 13 Family History Library films beginning with 1001781.) This file includes names of substitute soldiers in addition to the regular roster.

New Hampshire. Adjutant General’s Office. Revised Roster of the Soldiers and Sailors of New Hampshire in the War of the Rebellion. Concord, New Hampshire: Ira C. Evans, 1895. (Family History Library book 974.2 M23nh; film 1697872.) Many entries show the place of birth, age, residence, date and place of death, and other information.

Waite, Otis F.R., New Hampshire in the Great Rebellion. Claremont, New Hampshire: Tracy, Chase, 1870. (Family History Library book 974.2 M2w.) This source contains regimental histories, biographical sketches, and lists of officers.

Unit Histories. An important inventory for finding Civil War military histories is:

A Guide to the Microfiche Edition of Civil War Unit Histories: Regimental Histories and Personal Narratives. Part 2, The Union-New England. Bethesda, Maryland.: University Publications of America, 1992. (Family History Library book 973 M2cwu pt. 2.) New Hampshire units are listed on pages 53–59. The library has the large microfiche collection described in this guide. Use the library catalog to find individual items. This may include correspondence, diaries, memoirs, and regimental histories published before 1920. The guide shows the unit name, counties where it was raised, author, title, publication information, number of pages, and source repository. This guide includes an author index and a major engagements index.

Internet sites with information about New Hampshire in the Civil War include:

"The Civil War Archive-Union Regiments-New Hampshire." N.p., 1998 [cited 25 February 2000]. Available at www.civilwararchive.com/unionnh.htm.This site includes histories and background information on New Hampshire regiments.

State Soldier Homes. New Hampshire maintained a home for veterans in Tilton, New Hampshire. They have records of the veterans who lived there, some of which have been sent to the Adjutant General and the Division of Records Management and Archives. Contact the veteran’s home first.

New Hampshire Veteran’s Home
P.O. Box 229
Tilton, NH 03276
Telephone: 603-286-4412

Civil War Pension Index Cards - A free Internet index to pension applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch Record Search. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. Other wars, of that time period, may be included.

Regimental Lists. See a list of regiments and links to their histories. 

  • Albert Stillman Batchellor, Historical and bibliographical notes on the military annals of New Hampshire with special reference to regimental histories, (Bethesda, Maryland: University Publications of America, c1991).   FHL US/CAN Fiche 6083262. Includes bibliographical references.
  • USGenNet, New Hampshire Civil War History and Genealogy Project, (accessed 25 Feb 2011).  A brief history of each regiment as well as the men listed in each troop within the regiment. This is a work in progress and does not include every soldier yet.
  • The New Hampshire Civil War History and Genealogy Project, New Hampshire Men Awarded the Metal of Honor In the Civil War, (accessed 25 Feb 2011).  List of all men from New Hampshire that received the Metal of Honor.
  • Wikipedia, New Hampshire Regiments, (accessed 25 Feb 2011).  Has links to the regiments of New Hampshire.
  • United States. Adjutant General's Office, Official Army register of the volunteer force of the United States Army for the years, 1861, '62, '63, '64, '65, (Bethesda, Maryland: University Publications of America, c1991) Online at Internet Archives, (accessed 25 Feb 2011).  Official list of the men that enlisted in each year during the war. Not inclusive to New Hampshire and not alphabetized.  Also available at the Family History Library, FHL US/CAN Fiche 6083271.
  • Augustus D. Ayling, Adjutant General, Revised register of the soldiers and sailors of New Hampshire in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866, (Concord, New Hampshire: Ira C. Evans, 1895).  Online book at Internet Archives, (accessed 25 Feb 2011).  Contains a good summary of each New Hampshire regiment. Also contains company rosters that list the birth place, age or enlistment, place of residence at the time of enlistment. Includes index of names.  Available at the Family History Library, FHL Book 974.2 M23nh or microfilm FHL US/CAN 1697872 Item 1-2.  Online you can also check the online database at History at Rays Place, Register of New Hampshire Men in the Civil War, (accessed 25 Feb 2011).
  • National Park Service, Soldier and Sailors System, (accessed 25 Feb 2011).  Can be searched by name or regiment.  Lists brief summaries for each regiment. 

Census Substitute

1890 New Hampshire census index FHL 974.2 X22j 1890 - Substitute of the 1890 U.S. Federal Census. Lists the individuals name, regiment served in and other information. Doesn't list the family members of the individual. Can be found at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City.

Military Cemeteries

See Cemetery Records

Battles fought in New Hampshire

There were no battles fought in New Hampshire.

Muster Rolls

Muster-In Rolls, Descriptive Rolls, Monthly Returns and Muster-Out Rolls of each Regiment. Bound and encapsulated in such a way that they cannot be photocopied.

Related to them is the Soldiers' Index, a 3x5 card file for each soldier, on which all information from the Regimental Rolls has been abstracted.

The Adjutant General's Office also tried to maintain a separate index for seamen, but it is very incomplete.

The "obituaries" are a file of newspaper clippings or other memorials regarding the death of Maine veterans; it is very incomplete as are the General Law Pension records.

  • New Hampshire. State Archives, Civil War enlistment papers, muster in and out rolls 1861-1865 and indexes 1861-1866, (Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2001). FHL US/CAN Film 2317642 Item 2 for the state of New Hampshire - 1st of 48 films located at the Family History Library.   Most volumes individual index.
  • Military records: Civil War muster rolls, (Salt Lake City, Utah: Ancestry Pub., c2000). FHL CD-ROM no. 225, pt. 1-3. Indexes the muster rolls for the Civil War giving the soldiers name, company, rank, box , extract and roll record numbers where the original record can be found, allegiance, miscellaneous information, and unit in which served.  Located at the Family History Library.
  • United States. War Department. Record and Pension Office. Compiled records showing service of military units in volunteer Union organizations, (Washington, District of Columbia: The National Archives, 1964). FHL US/CAN Films 1488553. - 225 microfilms located at the Family History Library, 1st of 4 films cover New Hampshire. The compiled records are card abstracts containing information relating to the stations, movements, or activities of each unit or a part of it, and frequently to its organization or composition, strength and losses, and disbandment. Sometimes the names of commanding officers, the dates the unit was called into service and mustered out, the terms of service, and similiar information are included.
  • Civil War service record, card file index, 1860-1865, (Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1975). FHL US/CAN Film 1001781. - 1st of 13 microfilms loacated at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. This is a microfilm of type and handwritten cards at the New Hampshire Historical Society in Concord, New Hampshire.
  • New Hampshire Links, Civil War Rosters, (accessed 25 Feb 2011). This is a directory of Civil War Rosters/Muster Rolls that have been found on the internet.

Pensions

  • FamilySearch Record Search - Currently working on digitizing documents online. A free Internet index to pension applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information.
  • As Called for by Senate Resolution of December 8, 1882, List of Pensioners on the Roll January 1, 1883, Volume I, (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1883).  Online book at Internet Archives, (accessed 25 Feb 2011).  New Hampshire starts on page 163.   Giving the name of each pensioner, the cause for who pensioned, the post-office address, the rate of pension per month, and the date of original allowance.
  • New Hampshire. State Archives, Pension records indexes and pension records by town, 1861-1866 New Hampshire, (Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2001). FHL US/CAN Film 2257745 Item 6- 1st of 4 microfilms located at the Family History Library. The originals are housed at the New Hampshire State Archives and Records preservation in Concord, New Hampshire.

The actual service and pension records are available only at the National Archives. To order a copy of the original records, use NATF Form 80, which is available from the National Archives, at the nearest federal office building or online, (accessed 25 Feb 2011).

GAR Records

Other Sources

Internet Sources

  • National Park Service, Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, (accessed 25 Feb 2011).  Databases can be searched by soldier's name or by regiment; includes regimental rosters and additional history of the regiment.
  • USGennet, The New Hampshire Civil War History and Genealogy Project,  (accessed 25 Feb 2011).  Provides information on the volunteer infantries, heavy artillery units, light battery units, sharpshooters, and regiments from New Hampshire.  These rosters are a work in progress.
  • Todd Grzywacz, New Hampshire Heritage, (accessed 25 Feb 2011).  Detailed site on different aspects of the New Hampshire regiments and their contributions to the Civil War.
  • Genealogy Trails, New Hampshire Military Data, (accessed 25 Feb 2011).  Includes an index to New Hampshire Civil War soldiers.

Books

  • Frederick H. Dyer, A compendium of the War of the Rebellion [New Hampshire] compiled and arranged from official records of the Federal and Confederate armies, reports of the Adjutant Generals of the several states, the Army registers and other reliable documents and sources, (Bethesda, Maryland, University Publications of America, c1991).  FHL US/CAN Fiche 6083264. Available at the Family History Library.  Contains the Regimental Index section (p. 176-179 and Regimental histories section (p. 1345-1353 pertaining to New Hampshire only.)
  • New Hampshire. Adjutant General's Office, Civil War Oaths, 1861-1865, (Salt Lake City, Utah:  Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1975). FHL US/CAN Film 983689. 1st of 3 microfilms at the Family History Library.  Includes a partial index on each film.
  • Granville P. Conn, History of the New Hampshire surgeons in the War of Rebellion, (Concord, New Hampshire: Ira C. Evans, c1906).  FHL US/CAN Book 974.2 M2cg. Also on FHL US/CAN Film 1697591 Item 6.
  • Otis F.R. Waite, New Hampshire in the Great Rebellion containing histories of the several New Hampshire regiments, and biographical notices of many of the prominent actors in the civil war of 1861-65, (Claremont, New Hampshire: Tracy, Chase &  Co., 1870).  Online book at Google Books and at the Family History Library.  FHL US/CAN Book 974.2 M2w.
  • Duane E. Shaffer, Men of Granite - New Hampshire's Soldiers in the Civil War.
  • New Hampshire. Adjutant General's Office, Report of the Adjutant General, Made to His Excellency, the Governor, May 20, 1862, (Bethesda, Maryland: University Publications of America, c1991). Available at the Family History Library.  FHL US/CAN Fiche 6083268.
  • New Hampshire. Adjutant General's Office, Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New Hampshire, for the Year ending May 20, 1863, (Bethesda, Maryland: University Publications of America, c1991).   Available at the Family History Library. FHL US/CAN Fiche 6118811.
  • New Hampshire. Adjutant General's Office, Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New Hampshire, for the year ending May 20, 1864, (Bethesda, Maryland: University Publications of America, c1991).  Available at the Family History Library. FHL US/CAN Fiche 6118812.
  • New Hampshire. Adjutant General's Office. Report of the Adjutant General of the State of new Hampshire for the year ending May 20, 1865, (Bethesda, Maryland: University Publications of America, c1991).  Available at the Family History Library. FHL US/CAN Fiche 6118813-6118814.
  • New Hampshire. Adjutant General's Office, Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New Hampshire for the year ending June 1, 1866, (Bethesda, Maryland: University Publications of America, c1991). Available at the Family History Library,  FHL US/CAN Fiche 6118815-6118816.
  • New Hampshire. Adjutant General's Office, Report of the Adjutant-General of the state of New Hampshire, (Concord, New Hampshire: State Printer, [18--]).  Available at the Family History Library.  FHL US/CAN Film 1697784 Item 7. 
  • New Hampshire, Adjutant General's Office, Report of the Adjutant-General of the state of New Hampshire, Volume 2, (Concord: Amos Hadley, State Printer, 1865).  Available online at Google Books, (accessed 25 Feb 2011).