New Hampshire Census

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Portal:United States Census >New Hampshire


1800 Census Omissions--The 1800 census is missing for the towns of Alton, Barnstead, Brookfield, Effingham, Gilmantown, Middleton, New Durham, Ossipee, Tuftonborough, Wakefield, and Wolfeborough in Strafford County. Fortunately, the 1798 Direct Tax for many of these towns exists and serves as a census substitute. The 1800 census is also missing the towns of Atkinson, Greenland, Hampton, Hampton Falls, Londonderry, Northampton, Pehlam, Plaistow, Salem, Seabrook, Stratham, and Windham in Rockingham County.

1820 Census Omissions--The 1820 census is missing for Grafton County and the Rockingham County towns of Gosport, Greenland, New Castle, Newington, Portmouth, and Rye, Most of the census for Strafford County is missing except for the towns of Centre Harbor, Gilford, Moultonborough, New Hampton, and Sanbornton.

1850 Census Problem--Before the boundary dispute was settled in 1842, many residents of northern Coos County considered themselves within Canadian jurisdiction, so the Coos County census may be incomplete before 1850.

1860 United States Census—A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors.

 1870 United States Census---A free internet index and images can be viewed on FamilySearch Record Pilot site. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.

1880 United States Census– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site. This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.

1900 Federal Census - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the  FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.

Historical Background

1788--New Hampshire became a state, as the 9th state added to the Union in 1788.


Ancestry--All New Hampshire census records are indexed at

Special Censuses

Colonial Censuses

Enumerations of colonial residents were made in New Hampshire for various years prior to the federal census. Lists of early residents from 1732 to 1742 that can be used as substitutes for census records are found in the tax records of the towns.

1776 Census--This Colonial census is a list of men age 21 and over who declared their position regarding the Revolutionary War. It has been published in the following book:

  • Jay Mack Holbrook, New Hampshire 1776 Census (Oxford, Mass.: Holbrook Research Institute, 1976; Family History Library book 974.2 X2h 1776). This book lists the name, town and county of residence, whethere they were for or against the Revolutionary War, and the page number from Volume 30 of the New Hampshire State Papers.

State Censuses

New Hampshire does not have a state census.

Territorial Censuses

New Hampshire was never a territory, so it does not have a territorial census.

Web Sites


Heritage Quest Online:

Census Online:

Genealogy Today:

Access Genealogy:


New Hampshire Research Outline. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.