Difference between revisions of "New Brunswick Vital Records"

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==== County marriage registers before 1888  ====
 
==== County marriage registers before 1888  ====
  
County marriage registers kept by the government before 1888 are found at the Provincial Archives. These are available for the following counties:
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=== Marriages 1812-1887  ===
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Beginning in 1812, the original counties were required to register marriages. Not all of the register books have survived, but of those that have, some early ones have been transcribed and published. Robert Fellows offers some cautions in his ''Researching Your Ancestors in New Brunswick ''(1979):
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''The Marriage Registers have their limitations. Over the years the indexes to some volumes have been lost… When indexes exist they are often by male name only …mistakes often occur. Names are sometimes left out or spelt wrong''. (page 115)
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They are available on microfilm from the PANB who list. Early Northumberland County marriages are listed among the Justices of the Peace records of their Courts of Quarter Session.<br>
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{| width="300" border="1" align="center" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1"
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|-
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! scope="col" | County<br>
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! scope="col" | Years<br>
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|-
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| Albert<br>
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| 1846-1888 §§<br>
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|-
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| Carleton<br>
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| 1832-1888<br>
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|-
 +
| Charlotte<br>
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| 1806-1887<br>
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|-
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| Gloucester<br>
 +
| 1832-1887<br>
 +
|-
 +
| Kent<br>
 +
| 1826-1887<br>
 +
|-
 +
| Kings<br>
 +
| 1812-1888 §<br>
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|-
 +
| Madawaska<br>
 +
| missing **<br>
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|-
 +
| Northumberland<br>
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| 1792-1887 *<br>
 +
|-
 +
| Queens<br>
 +
| 1812-1887<br>
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|-
 +
| Restigouche<br>
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| 1838-1878<br>
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|-
 +
| St. John<br>
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| 1819-1887 *** §<br>
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|-
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| Sunbury<br>
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| missing<br>
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|-
 +
| Victoria<br>
 +
| missing<br>
 +
|-
 +
| Westmorland<br>
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| 1790-1887 §§<br>
 +
|-
 +
| York<br>
 +
| 1812-1888 §§<br>
 +
|}
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<br><br>* Early Northumberland County marriages are listed among the Justices of the Peace records of their Courts of Quarter Session.<br>
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 +
<br>** Père Henri Langlois, O.F.M. (1901-1968) compiled an eight volume, typescript record of marriages in Madawaska and the region of the upper St. John River, from 1792 to about 1940. This is essentially the Diocese of Edmundston and includes parishes in Aroostook in Maine. It is available at both the PANB in Fredericton, and LAC in Ottawa. The latter’s bound photocopy of the original onion-skin sheets is titled ''Dictionnaire Généalogique de Madawaska''. Entries are alphabetical by family name, i.e. Volume I is A-B, etc. <br> <br>*** ''Early Marriage Records of New Brunswick: Saint John City and County from the British Conquest to 1839'', Introductory Note and edited by Sociologist, B. Wood-Holt (Saint John: Holland House Inc., 1986), a somewhat curious compilation from many sources that probably includes almost all marriages in the Saint John region prior to 1840. Her notes are informative and the thorough indexing makes this a useful research tool.<br> <br>§ Ruby M. Cusack has transcribed and published the Saint John County registers, ''C 1839-1847'', and ''D 1847-1853''; as well as Kings County ''Register A, 1812-1844'' and ''Register B, 1844-1867''. John R. Elliott has published Kings County Registers C and D (1867-1888). See their listing in ''Generations''. As well, [http://www.rubycusack.com/ Ruby Cusack] has a website.
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§§ George H. Hayward has published York County ''Volume 1, 1812-1837'' and some for Carleton County, Ken Kanner has published the early Marriages for Albert and Westmorland Counties, see listings in ''Generations'' “Information Sheets”.
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*Albert Co.1846–1888
 
*Carleton Co.1832–1888
 
*Charlotte Co.1806–1887
 
*Gloucester Co.1832–1860, 1873–1887
 
*Kent Co.1844–1887
 
*Kings Co.1812–1888
 
*Northumberland Co.1792–1887
 
*Queens Co.1812–1887
 
*Restigouche Co.1838–1878
 
*St. John Co.1810–1887
 
*Sunbury Co. (Licenses)1810–1887
 
*Westmorland Co.1790–1887
 
*York Co.1812–1888
 
  
 
Record Group 3 (Provincial Secretary), Record Series 551, consists of '''marriage bonds''' for various townships and counties for the years 1810–1932. These are located at the Provincial Archives at http://archives.gnb.ca/Archives/Default.aspx?L=EN .  
 
Record Group 3 (Provincial Secretary), Record Series 551, consists of '''marriage bonds''' for various townships and counties for the years 1810–1932. These are located at the Provincial Archives at http://archives.gnb.ca/Archives/Default.aspx?L=EN .  

Revision as of 22:08, 7 August 2014

Canada Gotoarrow.png New Brunswick Gotoarrow.png Vital Records

Background

The provincial government of New Brunswick began recording births, marriages, and deaths in 1888. For 1810 to 1887 records, there is a "Late Registration" compilation which is indexed. It is located at the Provincial Archives. These records were registered after 1888.

Another dependable source for births and deaths before 1888 is the church register.

For additional information about vital records and search strategies, see Canada Vital Records.

Availability

Online vital records search available free at New Brunswick Provincial Archives.

Online New Brunswick death certificates for years 1920-1938 and Provincial Returns of Deaths for years 1818-1919 are available at FamilySearch.org  .

Vital Records from 1888, although incomplete up to 1920, are available from:

Vital Statistics
P.O. Box 6000
Fredericton, NB E3B 5H1
CANADA
Telephone: 506-453-2385; Fax: 506-444-4139
Internet: http://www.snb.ca/e/1000/1000-01/e/index-e.asp

Index
An index to births, marriages and deaths for 1800-1959 (RS141) is available at http://archives.gnb.ca/APPS/GovRecs/VISSE/?culture=en-CA. This includes

  • index to late registration of births, 1810-1913;
  • index to late registration of births, county series, 1869-1901;
  • index to county birth registers 1800-1913;
  • index to provincial regisrations of births, 1898-1913;
  • index to marriages 1847-1958; *index to county death registers 1885-1921
  • provincial returns of deaths, 1815-1919
  • index to death certificates 1920-1959.

County marriage registers before 1888

Marriages 1812-1887

Beginning in 1812, the original counties were required to register marriages. Not all of the register books have survived, but of those that have, some early ones have been transcribed and published. Robert Fellows offers some cautions in his Researching Your Ancestors in New Brunswick (1979):

The Marriage Registers have their limitations. Over the years the indexes to some volumes have been lost… When indexes exist they are often by male name only …mistakes often occur. Names are sometimes left out or spelt wrong. (page 115)

They are available on microfilm from the PANB who list. Early Northumberland County marriages are listed among the Justices of the Peace records of their Courts of Quarter Session.

County
Years
Albert
1846-1888 §§
Carleton
1832-1888
Charlotte
1806-1887
Gloucester
1832-1887
Kent
1826-1887
Kings
1812-1888 §
Madawaska
missing **
Northumberland
1792-1887 *
Queens
1812-1887
Restigouche
1838-1878
St. John
1819-1887 *** §
Sunbury
missing
Victoria
missing
Westmorland
1790-1887 §§
York
1812-1888 §§



* Early Northumberland County marriages are listed among the Justices of the Peace records of their Courts of Quarter Session.


** Père Henri Langlois, O.F.M. (1901-1968) compiled an eight volume, typescript record of marriages in Madawaska and the region of the upper St. John River, from 1792 to about 1940. This is essentially the Diocese of Edmundston and includes parishes in Aroostook in Maine. It is available at both the PANB in Fredericton, and LAC in Ottawa. The latter’s bound photocopy of the original onion-skin sheets is titled Dictionnaire Généalogique de Madawaska. Entries are alphabetical by family name, i.e. Volume I is A-B, etc.

*** Early Marriage Records of New Brunswick: Saint John City and County from the British Conquest to 1839, Introductory Note and edited by Sociologist, B. Wood-Holt (Saint John: Holland House Inc., 1986), a somewhat curious compilation from many sources that probably includes almost all marriages in the Saint John region prior to 1840. Her notes are informative and the thorough indexing makes this a useful research tool.

§ Ruby M. Cusack has transcribed and published the Saint John County registers, C 1839-1847, and D 1847-1853; as well as Kings County Register A, 1812-1844 and Register B, 1844-1867. John R. Elliott has published Kings County Registers C and D (1867-1888). See their listing in Generations. As well, Ruby Cusack has a website.

§§ George H. Hayward has published York County Volume 1, 1812-1837 and some for Carleton County, Ken Kanner has published the early Marriages for Albert and Westmorland Counties, see listings in Generations “Information Sheets”.







Record Group 3 (Provincial Secretary), Record Series 551, consists of marriage bonds for various townships and counties for the years 1810–1932. These are located at the Provincial Archives at http://archives.gnb.ca/Archives/Default.aspx?L=EN .

Many private collections held in various archives can contain marriage records or notices. These are listed in:

  • Robert F. Fellows' Researching Your Ancestors in New Brunswick, (Fredericton, New Brunswick, 1979), pp. 118–119.

Divorce Records

Divorce was once a matter for Parliament. Brian Gilchrist’sIndex to Canadian Parliamentary Divorces, 1867-1930 (Toronto: privately published) indexes all names, both partners, children etc. Some individual’s petitions or records are held by the Library and Archives of Canada, check the their website, Government of Canada Files database, key word “Divorce”—but after 1916 you must apply to the Law Clerk and Parliamentary Council, Senate of Canada.

As well, on the Internet, Hugh Armstrong’s Genealogy Site, contains material on “Canadian Parliamentary Divorces to 1946”. An Introduction gives an excellent summary of the history of divorce in Canada, and it is only one of a number of lists, indexes, and how-to-do offerings.[1]

Wiki articles describing an online collections are found at:

  • Douglas, Althea. "New Brunswick Marriage and Divorce Records (National Institute)," The National Institute for Genealogical Studies (2012), https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/New_Brunswick_Marriage_and_Divorce_Records_%28National_Institute%29.