Nevada Land and Property

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Land Office Records

When the United States acquired Nevada, the federal government distributed unclaimed land through the U.S. Government Land Office (GLO). The first local office was established in Carson City in 1864. Others were in Elko, Eureka, and Reno. The local offices kept tract books (records for each section of land) and township plats (maps of land entries for each township).

Land was generally obtained through cash payment, called cash entry, or by meeting certain conditions of settlement, such as homesteading. The original tract books, plats, homestead entries, and cash entry records are available at the National Archives. The National Archives also has an index to cash entry files and homestead records prior to July 1908.

Other land office records, such as patents, land tracts, and township plats, from about 1861 to 1964, are available at the National Archives—Pacific Sierra Region (San Bruno). Patents and copies of tract books are also at:

Bureau of Land Management

There are 7 districts in Nevada. The following website will take you to the primary site where you can choose the district you are interested and and get their contact information.

County Records

After land has been transferred from government to private ownership, subsequent transactions, including deeds and mortgages, are recorded by the county. You can obtain a copy of a county land record by writing to the county recorder. The Family History Library has copies of these records for only a few counties.