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{{Click|Image:Netherlands_ORP.png|Netherlands Online Genealogy Records}}
  
== [[Image:Family Picture Netherlands.jpg|thumb|right|350x250px|<center>Netherlands Family Picture</center>]]Census Records  ==
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== Census Records and Population Registers ==
  
A census is a count and description of the population. Censuses are taken by the national government of the Netherlands and also by local and provincial governments. The local censuses are taken primarily for taxation and military purposes.  
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In the Netherlands, a census(''volkstelling'') is a count of the population at a certain point in time. [[Netherlands Population|'''Population registers(''Bevolkingregisters'')''']] record individuals over a period of time, usually 10 years. This article deals with censuses only. [[Netherlands Population|'''Population registers''']] are far more commonly used by genealogists. See [[Netherlands Population|'''Population Registers''']] for more information. Censuses in Dutch research may not be as helpful as censuses from other countries because better sources such as [[Netherlands Church Records|'''church records,''']] [[Netherlands Civil Registration|'''civil registration''']] and [[Netherlands Population|'''population registers''']] are available in the Netherlands.  
  
Censuses in Dutch research may not be as helpful as censuses from other countries because better sources such as church records and civil registration are available in the Netherlands.
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Where available, census records can provide family relationships, ages, years of birth, marital statuses, religions, and places of birth. They can provide information where all or portions of other records are missing. Generally, you will find more complete family information in more recent censuses. Use the information with caution, however; it may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or a neighbor, and so some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.  
 
Where available, census records can provide family relationships, ages, years of birth, marital statuses, religions, and places of birth. They can provide information where all or portions of other records are missing. Generally, you will find more complete family information in more recent censuses. Use the information with caution, however; it may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or a neighbor, and so some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.  
  
*'''National Censuses.'''
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<br>
*A great web-site to search for Dutch Census Records is found here:
 
  
[http://www.volkstellingen.nl/en/ Dutch Censuses 1795-1971]
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== Census Records  ==
  
One of the first censuses of a national nature were the civil lists [listes civiques] or civil registers [registres civiques] of the French government taken in 1811. These records are housed in the state and municipal archives; however, they contain many mistakes and little information.
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=== 18th Century Records  ===
  
The Kingdom of the Netherlands held its first national census in 1829, and from this time censuses were taken every 10 years until 1929. Censuses were again taken in 1947, 1960, and 1971. Although they are national in nature, these census records are kept locally, usually in the municipal offices. When they are in the municipal archives they are available to the public. Some are on film at the Family History Library.  
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The first national census dates from the 19th century but there were earlier provincial or regional census takings.  
  
*'''Local Censuses.''' Census records exist for the province of Friesland for 1689, 1714, 1744, and 1796. Provincial censuses are also available for Overijssel in 1748 and 1795. Similar records to censuses are lists of citizens (not every resident was a “citizen”) and of able-bodied men, or men able to bear arms, usually from ages 20 to 60.
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A Frisian census of 1714 is believed to have been taken throughout the region, but only the registers of Franeker and Barradeel survive.There is little data recorded including the names of the household heads and the total of household members subdivided only into those over and under the age of seven.  
  
=== Census Records at the Family History Library  ===
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The 1744 ''Descriptions of families'' (Omschrijvinge van familiën) survives complete for the whole of Friesland. Again, there is little data: the names of the household heads and the total persons in the household. An index and images are available at [http://www.allefriezen.nl AlleFriezen]
  
The Family History Library has copies of many census records. These are listed in the “Locality Search” section of the catalog under:
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The 1748 census for Overijssel survives in its entirety. However, the recording of data was not undertaken in an uniform way: some registers just record the name of the household head whilst others have the names of all the household members.Most records, but not for either Zwolle or Kampen can accessed at the [https://www.historischcentrumoverijssel.nl/onderzoek/mijn-familie/andere-indexen/volkstelling-1748 Historisch Centrum Overijssel]. It has also been filmed by the Family History Library: [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/33065 Overijssel Nederland, ''Volkstelling'', 1748].
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The 1749 Frisian ''Recording of families and persons'' (Opteekeninge der familiën en persoonen) is also complete but contains only a little more information than the other early Frisian censuses.
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A 1749 provincial census of Gelderland contains more information. Recorded was the name of the household head and his occupation; wives are recorded without names as 'his wife' and children and servants are recorded only in total although children are subdivided by age in spans of 5 years. Various tax data is also recorded.
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Inspired by the French revolution and following the disastrous war against the English, Dutch revolutionaries overthrew the old regime in 1795. The new democratic regime sought to modernise administrative arrangements and undertook a census in parts of the country in 1795. Those records which survive are held by the relevant provincial archive. Records for some places can be found on [http://www.vpnd.nl Van Papier Naar Digitaal]
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=== 1811 ''Registre Civique''  ===
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The modern era of Dutch population record keeping began under French occupation. In 1811, civil registration begins and the introduction of adult male suffrage under the Code Civil (or Code Napoleon) resulted in the creation of a voters' list (registre civique) by the local authorities (mairie) usually with a copy forwarded to the department. These census substitutes will be found in the municipal and provincial archives.
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=== Decennial Censuses 1829 - 1930  ===
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A national census was conducted by the Ministry of Home Affairs from 1829 to 1889 then by Statistics Netherlands from 1899 to 1930.
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=== Post War Censuses  ===
  
NETHERLANDS, [PROVINCE] – CENSUS NETHERLANDS, [PROVINCE], [TOWN]–CENSUS
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Three national censuses were undertaken by Statistics Netherlands (Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek - Central Agency for Statistics) in 1947, 1960 and 1971. This approach was abandoned in favour of a new model: in 1981 and 1991 a "virtual census" was undertaken based on data in the Population Registers and surveys.
  
An index of surnames for the 1947 national census has been published. There is a volume for each province and also one for the cities of Amsterdam, ’s-Gravenhage, and Rotterdam. To find these books, look in the “Locality Search” section of the catalog under:
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== Finding Census Records  ==
  
NETHERLANDS, [PROVINCE] – CENSUS – 1947 – INDEXES
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=== Online ===
  
NETHERLANDS, [PROVINCE], [TOWN] –CENSUS – 1947 – INDEXES 12
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Census records can be difficult to find online. Some specific websites are mentioned in this article [http://www.geneaknowhow.net Geneaknowhow] is always a good place to try. Post-1811 census records are sometimes included in the FamilySearch Record Collection [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2018408 Netherlands Census and Population Registers, 1574-1940], with should be accessed via [[Zoekakten]]
  
== External Links ==
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== Census Records at the Family History Library ==
  
*[http://www.dutchgenealogy.nl/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=112&Itemid=35 Dutch Census records]
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The Family History Library has copies of many census records. These are listed in the “Locality Search” section of the catalog under:  
  
== Population Records  ==
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NETHERLANDS, [PROVINCE] – CENSUS NETHERLANDS, [PROVINCE], [TOWN]–CENSUS
  
Population records are found on the city or town level where available. The hold a wealth of information on the people of that town and information is continually added to for the following 10 years. These records contain:  
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An index of surnames for the 1947 national census has been published. There is a volume for each province and also one for the cities of Amsterdam, ’s-Gravenhage, and Rotterdam. To find these books, look in the “Locality Search” section of the catalog under:  
  
*Street address
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NETHERLANDS, [PROVINCE] – CENSUS – 1947 – INDEXES
*Name of head of household
 
*Name of spouse
 
*Names of the children of that household
 
*Names of boarders and/or servants if applicable
 
*Date of birth
 
*Place of birth
 
*If the family moves, when and whereto
 
*If a family moves into the town during these 10 years
 
*If a member of the household dies
 
*If a member of the household marries
 
*Etc.
 
  
Another type of Population records (per religion) is found at: [http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/ce/Nederlandgodsdienst1849-en.PNG Religious division in the Netherlands by municipality at the census of 1849]  
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NETHERLANDS, [PROVINCE], [TOWN] –CENSUS – 1947 – INDEXES 12<br>
  
 
<br>  
 
<br>  
  
=== Population Records at the Family History Library ===
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== External Links ==
  
The Family History Library has copies of many census records. These are listed in the “Locality Search” section of the catalog under:
+
*[http://www.dutchgenealogy.nl/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=112&Itemid=35 Dutch Census records]
  
NETHERLANDS, [PROVINCE] – CENSUS NETHERLANDS, [PROVINCE], [TOWN]–POPULATION
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== Aggregated Census Data  ==
  
{{featured article}}
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Documents were compiled from abstracted data collected in a census. These may be accessed at [http://www.volkstellingen.nl/en/ Dutch Censuses 1795-1971].<br>
  
[[Category:Netherlands]]
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<br>
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{{reflist}}
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[[Category:Netherlands Census]]

Latest revision as of 19:43, 13 June 2017

Netherlands Topics
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Beginning Research
Record Types
The Netherlands Background
Ethnicity
Local Research Resources
Moderator

The FamilySearch moderator for the Netherlands is Daniel Jones.

Netherlands
Census
Family Picture Netherlands

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Census Records and Population Registers

In the Netherlands, a census(volkstelling) is a count of the population at a certain point in time. Population registers(Bevolkingregisters) record individuals over a period of time, usually 10 years. This article deals with censuses only. Population registers are far more commonly used by genealogists. See Population Registers for more information. Censuses in Dutch research may not be as helpful as censuses from other countries because better sources such as church records, civil registration and population registers are available in the Netherlands.


Where available, census records can provide family relationships, ages, years of birth, marital statuses, religions, and places of birth. They can provide information where all or portions of other records are missing. Generally, you will find more complete family information in more recent censuses. Use the information with caution, however; it may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or a neighbor, and so some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.


Census Records

18th Century Records

The first national census dates from the 19th century but there were earlier provincial or regional census takings.

A Frisian census of 1714 is believed to have been taken throughout the region, but only the registers of Franeker and Barradeel survive.There is little data recorded including the names of the household heads and the total of household members subdivided only into those over and under the age of seven.

The 1744 Descriptions of families (Omschrijvinge van familiën) survives complete for the whole of Friesland. Again, there is little data: the names of the household heads and the total persons in the household. An index and images are available at AlleFriezen

The 1748 census for Overijssel survives in its entirety. However, the recording of data was not undertaken in an uniform way: some registers just record the name of the household head whilst others have the names of all the household members.Most records, but not for either Zwolle or Kampen can accessed at the Historisch Centrum Overijssel. It has also been filmed by the Family History Library: Overijssel Nederland, Volkstelling, 1748.

The 1749 Frisian Recording of families and persons (Opteekeninge der familiën en persoonen) is also complete but contains only a little more information than the other early Frisian censuses.

A 1749 provincial census of Gelderland contains more information. Recorded was the name of the household head and his occupation; wives are recorded without names as 'his wife' and children and servants are recorded only in total although children are subdivided by age in spans of 5 years. Various tax data is also recorded.

Inspired by the French revolution and following the disastrous war against the English, Dutch revolutionaries overthrew the old regime in 1795. The new democratic regime sought to modernise administrative arrangements and undertook a census in parts of the country in 1795. Those records which survive are held by the relevant provincial archive. Records for some places can be found on Van Papier Naar Digitaal


1811 Registre Civique

The modern era of Dutch population record keeping began under French occupation. In 1811, civil registration begins and the introduction of adult male suffrage under the Code Civil (or Code Napoleon) resulted in the creation of a voters' list (registre civique) by the local authorities (mairie) usually with a copy forwarded to the department. These census substitutes will be found in the municipal and provincial archives.

Decennial Censuses 1829 - 1930

A national census was conducted by the Ministry of Home Affairs from 1829 to 1889 then by Statistics Netherlands from 1899 to 1930.

Post War Censuses

Three national censuses were undertaken by Statistics Netherlands (Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek - Central Agency for Statistics) in 1947, 1960 and 1971. This approach was abandoned in favour of a new model: in 1981 and 1991 a "virtual census" was undertaken based on data in the Population Registers and surveys.

Finding Census Records

Online

Census records can be difficult to find online. Some specific websites are mentioned in this article Geneaknowhow is always a good place to try. Post-1811 census records are sometimes included in the FamilySearch Record Collection Netherlands Census and Population Registers, 1574-1940, with should be accessed via Zoekakten

Census Records at the Family History Library

The Family History Library has copies of many census records. These are listed in the “Locality Search” section of the catalog under:

NETHERLANDS, [PROVINCE] – CENSUS NETHERLANDS, [PROVINCE], [TOWN]–CENSUS

An index of surnames for the 1947 national census has been published. There is a volume for each province and also one for the cities of Amsterdam, ’s-Gravenhage, and Rotterdam. To find these books, look in the “Locality Search” section of the catalog under:

NETHERLANDS, [PROVINCE] – CENSUS – 1947 – INDEXES

NETHERLANDS, [PROVINCE], [TOWN] –CENSUS – 1947 – INDEXES 12


External Links

Aggregated Census Data

Documents were compiled from abstracted data collected in a census. These may be accessed at Dutch Censuses 1795-1971.