Difference between revisions of "Nemaha County, Kansas Genealogy"

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{{KS History Intro}}
{{KS History Intro}}
Nemaha County - in [http://www.kancoll.org/books/cutler/nemaha/nemahacr.htm Andreas' History of Kansas]  
''Online County Histories''
*''History of Nemaha County, Kansas.''  1916.  By Ralph Tennal.  Lawrence, Kan. : Standard Pub. Co. Online at: [https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/011725016 Hathitrust],[https://archive.org/details/historyofnemahac00tenn Internet Archive], [https://books.google.com/books/about/History_of_Nemaha_County_Kansas.html?id=IXM_AAAAYAAJ Google Books], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=23767 Ancestry ($)].
[https://archive.org/stream/historyofnemahac00tenn/historyofnemahac00tenn_djvu.txt Tennal's History of Nemaha County, Kansas]
*''History of the State of Kansas.'' (Includes section on Nemaha County)  1883.  By William G. Cutler.  Chicago, Illinois : A. T. Andreas. Online at: [http://www.kancoll.org/books/cutler/nemaha/nemahacr.htm Kansas Collection Books]  
*''Old Settler's Tales : Pottawatomie and Nemaha Counties.'' 1973.  By F. F. Crevecoeur and Mary Elizabeth Hoover Morrison.  N.p.: n.p. Online at: {{FSbook|6494895}}.
*''Old Settlers' Tales.'' 1902. By Ferdinand Francis Crevecoeur. [Onaga, Kan] : n.p. Online at: [https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/011725032 Hathitrust]; {{WorldCat|865827021|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}.
*''Reflections of Nemaha County, Kansas.'' c1992. By Lillian Engelken. Dallas, Texas : Curtis Media Corp.  Online at: {{FSbook|3156700}}; {{WorldCat|27072382|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}.
=== Maps and Gazetteers ===
=== Maps and Gazetteers ===

Revision as of 03:14, 26 September 2017

United States
Nemaha County

Guide to Nemaha County, Kansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Seneca
Organized: August 30, 1855
Parent County(s): Original county[1]
Neighboring Counties
Brown  • Jackson  • Marshall  • Pawnee (NE)  • Pottawatomie  • Richardson (NE)
See County Maps
Location Map
200px-Map of Kansas highlighting Nemaha County svg.bmp

County Information


The County was named for the Nemaha River. The County has Seneca as its seat and the County was created August 25, 1855.[2] The County is located in the northeast area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse

Nemaha County Courthouse
607 Nemaha Street
Seneca, Kansas 66538-1761
Phone: 785.336.2146
Nemaha County Website

County Clerk has birth, marriage and death records 1885-1911.
Clerk District Court has marriage, probate and court records from 1857. [4]

Nemaha County, Kansas Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1885 1857 1885 1857 1855 1857 1855
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1911. General compliance by 1917.[6]

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

Populated Places

The following are locations in Nemaha County, Kansas:

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Nemaha County, Kansas online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Kansas Cemeteries for more information

Tombstone Photos of Nemaha County  

Census Records

Kansas became a territory in 1854 and the first territory census taken was in 1855. It was also enumerated as Kansas Territory in the 1860 Federal Census, although there were 15 counties that were marked with "no population" in them. The state continued to take state censuses after it was admitted to the Union in 1861.[8] See links listed below.

State and Territorial Census Records

Federal Census Records

The 1870 Census was the first Federal Census taken for Kansas after it became a state in 1861.[9] For links to Federal Census indexes, see Kansas Census.

Church Records

Most church records are held by individual churches. For contact information, check a phone directory, such as SearchBug or Dex Knows. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Kansas Church Records.

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Kansas Land and Property for additional information about early Kansas land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Nemaha County, Kansas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Kansas Local Histories.

Online County Histories

Maps and Gazetteers

Nemaha, Kansas.JPG


Military Records

During the Civil War men from this county enlisted in the 7th Regiment, Kansas Cavalry; the 8th Regiment, Kansas Infantry; and the 11th, 13th and 15th Regiments, Kansas Infantry.

Naturalization and Citizenship


For more information, see Kansas Newspapers.

Seneca Area Newspaper Archive

Sabetha Herald Archive 1888-2011


Other Records


Probate Records

In most counties in Kansas, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, inventories, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Kansas, Nemaha and click Probate records.

Online Records

School Records

Tax Records

Kansas tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. Tax lists were usually made every year, however, there may be gaps of several years. For more information, see the wiki page Kansas Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Kansas Office of Vital Statistics or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. See also Kansas Vital Records. For information about restrictions and costs for certificates, see the CDC Where to Write for Vital Records site.





Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.


Seneca Free Public Library
606 Main St
Seneca, KS

Mary Cotton Library
915 Virginia Street
Sabetha, KS



Nemaha County Historical Society
113 N. 6th St.
Seneca 66538
Telephone Number: 785-336-6366

Museum Archive


Research Guides


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Nemaha, Kansas Genealogy and History”, "http://genealogytrails.com/kan/nemaha/ 9/08/2017."
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Nemaha, Kansas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nemaha_County,_Kansas" 9/08/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Nemahan County, Kansas page 254, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Nemaha County, Kansas. Page 254 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 236.
  6. “Kansas Research Outline”, (Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Department, 2000), 40.
  7. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  8. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 118-119.
  9. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 119.