Nebraska Census

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United States  >  U.S. Census  >  Nebraska  >  Nebraska Census

Available and Lost Census Schedules

NEBRASKA:  Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules
  Population Schedules Vets Slave Mortal Agricu Indust Defect
1860 Jun 1 Exist for all Nebraska Territory.     Exist Exist Exist  
1870 Jun 1 Exist for all counties.     Exist Exist Exist  
1880 Jun 1 Exist for all counties.     Exist Exist Exist Exist
1890 Jun 2 Federal population schedules lost for all counties. Exist           
1900 Jun 1 Exist for all counties.            
1910 Apr 15 Exist for all counties.            
1920 Jan 1 Exist for all counties.            
1930 Apr 1 Exist for all counties.            

In 1860, Nebraska Territory encompassed most of present-day Nebraska and parts of the present-day states of Wyoming, Montana, North and South Dakota, and Colorado. The 1860 Nebraska Territory non-population schedules have mixed coverage.

1860-1930--The Family History Library has the U.S. Federal censuses of Nebraska.  

1860 United States CensusA free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors.

1870--Published transcripts for 35 of the 48 counties in the 1870 census are available.

 1870 United States Census---A free internet index and images can be viewed on FamilySearch Record Pilot site. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.

1880 United States Census– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site. This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.

1890-- The census was destroyed, but the schedule of Union veterans is on microfilm at the Family History Library. The library also has a published index.

1900 Federal Census - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the  FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.

Historical Background

1803--Nebraska was part of the Louisiana Territory when it was purchased by the United States from France.

1813-1827--Trading posts and forts were established near present-day Omaha.

1830-1854--Nebraska was part of an area designated as Indian Territory.  Between 1833 and 1876, Indian tribes ceded all Nebraska claims to the United States government.

1854--The Kansas-Nebraska Act established the Nebraska Territory.  The creation of Colorado and Dakota territories in 1861 and the Idaho Territory in 1863 reduced Nebraska to nearly its present size.

1867--Nebraska becames a state.

Indexes

Book Indexes

1860, 1870, 1910--Published indexes are available for the censuses.

Soundex

1880, 1900, 1920--Soundex (phonetic) indexes are on microfilm for the censuses. The Nebraska State Historical Society also has a complete head-of-household index for the 1880 census.

 1910--A street index for Omaha that can help you use the census is on Family History Library fiche 6331481.

Special Censuses

Mortality schedules for 1860, 1870, 1880, and 1885 are at the Nebraska State Historical Society at http://www.nebraskahistory.org/. The National Archives and the Family History Library have copies on microfilm. The library also has copies of published indexes for the 1860, 1870, 1880, and 1885 schedules.

Mortality Schedules 1850-1888

State Censuses

1885--The Federal Government took a special census of Nebraska , which is on 56 microfilms at the Family History Library and at the Nebraska State Historical Society. The society also has the State Gazetteer and Business Directory for 1886 and a card index made from the directory that provides a partial index to the census. The Family History Library does not have the directory or the card index.

Territorial Censuses

1854, 1855, 1856, 1860, 1865, and 1869--Territorial and state censuses exist for parts of Nebraska.

1854, 1855, 1856, 1865, and 1869--The county enumerations of several eastern Nebraska counties,  were published in:

  • The Nebraska and Midwest Genealogical Record, vols. 13-22, 1932-44 (Family History Library film 162018).  The existing records are at the Nebraska State Historical Society.

1854, 1856--The Nebraska territorial censuses have been transcribed, indexed, and published in:

1913-1914--A detailed census of German immigrants from Russia living in Lincoln was taken for Nebraska. The information is similar to that found in the 1900 census, but the town or colony of birth is also given. It is arranged by street. (Family History Library film 833157)

Online Population Schedule Indexes and Images

Online Census Population Indexes and Images Available for Nebraska

Free

Free at Some Libraries

(Use these links for access when at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers)

Pay 
Year   Index Images Index Images Index Images
1854


Ancestry

Ancestry

1855


Ancestry

Ancestry

1856


Ancestry

Ancestry

1860 FamilySearch   Ancestry HeritageQuest Footnote Ancestry HeritageQuest Footnote Ancestry Footnote Ancestry Footnote
1870 FamilySearch FamilySearch Ancestry HeritageQuest Ancestry HeritageQuest Ancestry Ancestry
1880 FamilySearch
Ancestry HeritageQuest Ancestry HeritageQuest Ancestry Ancestry
1885


Ancestry

Ancestry

1900 FamilySearch FamilySearch Ancestry HeritageQuest Ancestry HeritageQuest Ancestry Ancestry
1910

Ancestry HeritageQuest Ancestry HeritageQuest Ancestry Ancestry
1920  
Ancestry HeritageQuest Ancestry HeritageQuest Ancestry Ancestry
1930

Ancestry Footnote Ancestry HeritageQuest Footnote Ancestry Footnote Ancestry  Footnote

United States Censuses 1850-1920—Free Internet census indexes and images to the 1850, 1860 (index only), 1870, 1880 (index only),1900, and 1920 (partial index only) can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. These indexes show every name listed on the census, and except for 1860, 1880 and 1920, are also linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors. Registered FamilySearch users can access 1880 census images by logging in and entering through the "Advanced Search" feature of FamilySearch.

Ancestry ($), a subscription Internet site, has indexes and images to all available federal census population, veterans, slave, and mortality schedules from 1790 to 1930.

HeritageQuest, an Internet service available at selected libraries, has images to all available federal census population and slave schedules from 1790 to 1930, and indexes to some but not all.

Footnote ($), a subscription Internet site has indexes and images to the 1860 and 1930 censuses for some states.

Census Online

Genealogy Today 

Access Genealogy

Mortality Schedules

References

Nebraska Research Outline. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.