Navajo Nation, Arizona (Tribe)

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See also Navajo Indians

Wikipedia has more about this subject: Navajo Nation
Map of Navajo Nation Public Health Service.jpg

Tribal Headquarters

The Navajo Nation
P.O. Box 9000, Window Rock, AZ 86515
Telephone: (928) 871-6000

Welcome to the Navajo Nation Government


Wikipedia has more about this subject: Navajo people

Brief History

The Navajo Agency of the Office of Indian Affairs was created in 1851 and was under the jurisdiction of the New Mexico Superintendency. Even when the Arizona Superintendency came into existence in 1863, the Navajo Agency, located at Fort Defiance Arizona, remained under New Mexico until that superintendency was abolished in 1874.The Fort Defiance Agency continued to operate there even after the superintendencies ceased to exist.

Currently there are five agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs administering the government's programs with the Navajo Nation -- Chinle Agency, Eastern Navajo Agency, Fort Defiance Agency, Shiprock Agency, and Western Navajo Agency. Each of these agency offices maintain the standard records required by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, so far as they apply to the Navajo Nation. A few of the records no longer in use by the local offices have been transferred to the Pacific Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration in Laguna Niguel, California.

The Navajo Nation created their own government in 1923 to handle their own business affairs. When the Indian Reorganization Act was passed in 1934, they chose not to reorganize under its authority, since they already had a tribal government. It was also felt that the requirements of the new act was unduly complicated.

The Navajo government is run by a tribal council with elected officials from chapters in each of the agencies.


Wikipedia has more about this subject: Navajo Wars

Brief Timeline

  • Mid 1700s: Spanish sent missionaries
  • 1846: Treaty
  • 1846-48: Mexican War
  • 1848: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Mexico cede the Southwest to the United States
  • 1849: Treaty
  • 1860: Attacted Fort Defiance
  • 1862: Kit Carson began scorched-earth offensive
  • 1864-1866: Relocated with Apache to New Mexico, at Bosque Redondo near Fort Sumner, about 200 Navajos died on the 300 mile trek. - "The Long Walk".  It is estimated 2,000 died while at Bosque Redondo  
  • 1868: Treaty, granted reservation
  • World War II: Navajo Code Talkers

Additional References to the History of the Tribe and/or Band


Navajo Nation, Arizona (Reservation)


Begin your search for records concerning members of the Navajo Nation by searching the FamilyHistory Library Catalog on the subject of "Navajo." Click on the Catalog link from FamilySearch.

You may also find additional information from

The National Archives at Fort Worth, Texas
1400 John Burgess Drive
Fort Worth, Texas 76140
Phone: 817-551-2000
Fax: 817-551-2037

Native American Records
National Archives
Archival Research Catalog
Historical Records Online
Native American Records

See U.S. Census records on Navajo Indians

Important Web Sites

Office of Navajo Nation Library
P.O. Box 9040
Window Rock, Arizona 86515
Fax: (928)871-7304



  • Martin, Rena G. Two Navajo clan traditions: our mothers, our fathers, our connections. Thesis (M.A.)--University of New Mexico, 2002, 2002. WorldCat 51253436
  • United States, and National Archives (U.S.). Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940. Pueblo Bonito (Navajo Indians). Washington, D.C.: The Bureau, 1909. WorldCat 607101180
  • United States, and National Archives (U.S.). Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940. Pueblo Day Schools (Pueblo and Navajo Indians). Washington, D.C.: The Bureau, 1912. WorldCat 498301486
  • Kurtz, Ronald J. Ronald J. Kurtz Cañoncito Navajo research papers. 1945. WorldCat 62320768
  • Navajo County Genealogical Society. Bits & Bytes. Winslow, AZ: The Society, 1990. WorldCat 46887415
  • Quelle, Wilma. Steps to Navajo History. [S.l.]: Publishamerica Inc, 2009. WorldCat 537289138
  • Wilkins, Teresa. Patterns of Exchange: Navajo Weavers and Traders. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2008. WorldCat 173640839
  • Bsumek, Erika Marie. Indian-Made: Navajo Culture in the Marketplace, 1868-1940. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2008. WorldCat 225875115
  • Yazzie, Ethelou. Navajo History. Volume 1. Chinle, AZ: Rough Rock Press, 1971. WorldCat 80908548
  • Independent School District No. 22 (Shiprock, N.M.). Navajo History. Shiprock, N.M.: The District, 1971. WorldCat 41159825
  • Navajo History. Many Farms, Ariz: Navajo Community College Press, 1971. WorldCat 25259506