Morgan County, Illinois Genealogy

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Morgan County, Illinois
Boundary map of Morgan County, Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Location of Illinois in the U.S.
Founded: January 31, 1823
County Seat Jacksonville
Morgan County Courthouse.gif
Photo courtesy Illinois Regional Archives Depository, Illinois State Archives
Address Morgan County Courthouse
300 W. State Street
Jacksonville, Illinois 62650
(217) 243-8581
Morgan County Website

Template:Illinois-stubUnited States Gotoarrow.png Illinois Gotoarrow.png Morgan County

Morgan County Organization

Morgan County's civil records start the following years:

                                     Beginning Dates for Morgan County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Morgan County are kept, see the Morgan County Courthouse page.

Historical Facts

Daniel Morgan.JPG
Morgan County is named for Daniel Morgan who was a General of the Revolution and was one of the most gifted battlefield tacticians of the War.[1]

Parent County

  • 1823--Morgan County was created 31 January 1823 from Sangamon County.  County seat:  Jacksonville [2]

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Morgan County boundary changes.

Record Loss

December 6, 1827 -- Courthouse burned and many records were damaged.

For further information on researching in burned counties, see the following:

Places / Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Records and Resources


  • The Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois has a MorganCounty edition. This includes a state history section along with a county history and biographies of Morgan County residents. See the wiki article for links to available copies and indexes.


Illinois cemetery records often identify birth, death, relationship, and military information, as well as religious affiliation.

  • Find A Grave can be searched by the name of a person or family to find where a person is buried.  Usually gives birth and death dates often with a picture of the tombstone.  May give obituaries, names of family members and links to their information in Find A Grave.


Historical populations
Census Pop.
IL Counties 1900-1990
  • 1840 Pensioners
A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. Washington, D.C., 1841. FHL 973 X2pc 1840; FHL 2321; digital version at Google Books. [See Illinois, Morgan County on page 187.]
  • 1850 Census
1850 Census of Morgan County, IL at Rootsweb : Free; Index.
  • 1860 Census
1860 Census of Morgan county, IL at Rootsweb : Free; Index

Church Records

Non-Denominational Christian

1826–1845 Name index to the Christian Messenger, a periodical of the Restoration Movement. Courtesy of Restoration Movement Resources.

1823–1837 Sangamon United (later Regular) Baptist Association Courtesy of the Primitive Baptist Library of Carthage.
1840 Apple Creek Church MinutesLibrary of Congress.
1918 First Baptist Church MembersCourtesy of the Morgan Area Genealogical Association.

Church of Christ
1852–1871 Old Berea Church. List of members. Courtesy of Illinois Trails.
1852–1871 Old Berea Church. List of members.Courtesy of the Morgan Area Genealogical Association.

1834–1879 Trinity Church. Membership, Baptism, Marriage and Death Records. Courtesy of the Morgan Area Genealogical Association.

1851–1888 St. Paul's Lutheran Church, births and baptisms. Courtesy of the Morgan Area Genealogical Association. 1863–1979 St. Paul's Lutheran Church deaths and burials Courtesy of the Morgan Area Genealogical Association.

Methodist Episcopal
18__?–1841 Record of church members.Courtesy of the Morgan Area Genealogical Association.

1855 - 1860 First Portuguese Presbyterian Church, Jacksonville, Illinois.  List of members, their families, births, and baptisms. Courtesy of USGenWeb.
1875–19002nd Portuguese Presbyterian ChurchList of members. Courtesy of the Morgan Area Genealogical Association.
1881–1890 2nd Portuguese Presbyterian Church. List of baptisms and some marriages. Courtesy of the Morgan Area Genealogical Association.

Court Records

1850–1932  Morgan County Poor Farm Record Index IRAD–UIS Explore how to use IRAD.

Ethnic Research

African American

The following have information concerning African American research.

Portuguese Immigration from Mideira

A large number of Portuguese immigrants from madeira arrived in Jacksonville, Illinois in November of 1949, fleeing religious persecution.  A synopsis of the events surrounding their immigration is contained in  




First index to Book B of Morgan County land records transcribed by Florance Huchison and online at GenWeb. Dates undetermined.

BLM GLO Records. Search original land patents for Morgan County from the Govenment Land Office (GLO) or Eastern States Office. Some searches include images of the original warrants. All search results include the patant details needed for requesting copies of the land entry files at the National Archives. The GLO is the custodian of millions of land title documents. The General Land Office Automated Records Project is responsible for making these important documents available to the public.

IRAD land holdings for Morgan County include Land patents 1825 to 1833 and taxable land lists 1836 to 1861.

Illinois Public Domain Land Tract Sales. The Illinois State Archives has an online index to the records of Public land sales held by the State Archives. The indexes are by purchasers name and by legal description. This is a statewide collection with nearly 550,000 land sales fro 54740 square miles.

Land records that include Morgan County at $:

  • "Illinois Public Land Purchase Records" This record extract includes over 538,000 land sales from the 19th Century. Each entry includes the purchaser's name, purchase date, number of acres, price per acre, and in some cases the purchaser's sex and residence.
  • "U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796 to 1907:" Records of Illinois are among the 13 states included in this set. It includes images of the land patents which contain the information necessary for ordering the complete case files from the National Archives. This appears to be the same information that is online at the Federal Land Office site
  • Sheldon, Theodore. Land registration in Illinois. Chicago: Callaghan Co., 1901. Digital book. Expains the laws regarding land and the land systems used in Illinois. Includes court cases involving land issues. In addition to being on Ancestry, this book is available online at no cost at Internet Archives and Google Books.


Federal Township Plat Map for Morgan County. Courtesy of IRAD–UIS


  • Civil War
    Civil War service men from Morgan County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Morgan County.

- 27th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company K
- 33rd Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies F and K.
- 34th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company G.
- 68th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company A.
- 101st Regiment, Illinois Infantry, All Companies.

  •   Meticuloulsy researched site produced by an individual researcher.  Lists all Illinois Civil War units with soldiers from Morgan County.  Provides individual files for each soldier serving in the 101ST Illinois Infantry.  Contains enlistment data, service record, marriage, census, pension index, children, death and burial records. A few pictures and obituaries were found. 


Index to Morgan County Naturalization Records Courtesy of the Morgan Area Genealogical Association.

Newspapers and Obituaries

Warren Haley's abstracts of thousands of obituaries published in Jacksonville newspapers between 1976 and 1996 are available online, courtesy: Researching Your Roots in Central Illinois.

Probate Records

Original Morgan County probate records are available at the Morgan County Courthouse. See Illinois Probate Records wiki page for more information about using probate records. The following copies of probate records are available:

Available abstracts:


County Courthouse

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Morgan County are kept, see the Morgan County Courthouse page.

Family History Center

Family History Centers (FHCs) are branches of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah (United States) and are located all over the world. Their goal is to provide resources to assist you in the research and study of your genealogy.

The FHC center in Morgan County is located in Jacksonville. Be sure to call and visit the wiki page for hours of service and other information.

Jacksonville Illinois Family History Center
1053 E. Vandalia Rd,
Jacksonville, Illinois 62650

You may search your address for a center near you on the FamilySearch site, if you live outside the area.

Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)

IRAD is a system of Illinois Regional Archives Depositories managed by the Illinois State Archives, housing the archival records of local Illinois counties, townships, municipalities and school districts. The seven Regional Depositories are housed on state university campuses scattered throughout Illinois.

The University of Illinois at Springfield (UIS) houses the records for Morgan County. The link will help you find and use the records. There address is:

Illinois Regional Archives Depository
University of Illinois at Springfield Region
One University Plaza, MS BRK 140
Springfield, Illinois 62703-5407

Public Libraries

Social Groups Online


Jacksonville Area Genealogical and Historical Society

Society library is located at 416 South Main Street, Jacksonville, Illinois 62650-2904.  Publishes a Quarterly bulletin.


Vital Records

See Illinois Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Illinois. Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Original birth and death certificates recorded since 1878 are kept by the Morgan County Clerk while those recorded after 1916 are kept by the Illinois Department of Public Health. with a copy to the County Clerk. Original marriage records are kept by the County Clerk from 1827 to the present. Original divorce records are generally in the office of the Circuit Court Clerk.

Copies of original records may be accessed through the Family History Library and the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) located at the University of Illinois Springfield (UIS) - search for Morgan County records. For information on how to use IRAD see the UIS IRAD Wiki page. In addtion, various abstracts and indexes are available as indicated.

Birth Records

Marriage Records

Early marriages begin with license #181. Earlier records are lost because of a courthouse fire. The following copy of Morgan County records is available:

The following indexes to marriages in Morgan County are available:

Online Resources

Death Records

The following copies of Morgan County records are available:

Online resources

Researching Your Roots in Central Illinois offers the following free online death indexes:

Web Sites


  1. Daniel Morgan
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).