Montgomery County, North Carolina Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png North Carolina Gotoarrow.png Montgomery County

Guide to Montgomery County North Carolina genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Online Records

Montgomery County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Montgomery County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
Location of North Carolina in the U.S.
Founded 1779
County Seat Troy
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County Courthouse

Montgomery County North Carolina
East Main Street P O Box 695
Troy, NC 27371

Courhouse burned 1835
1820 Census missing
Registrat of Deeds has birth, marriage, deeds burial, probate and land records
Clerk Superior Court has divorce and court records from1842


Parent County

1779--Montgomery County was established from Anson County.
County seat:  Troy [2]

When Montgomery County was formed in 1779 from Anson County, It was named in honor of Richard Montgomery who, in 1775, lost his life at the battle of Quebec in the attempt to conquer Canada. Located in the south section of the State of North Carolina, it is bounded by Moore Co, Richmond Co, Stanly Co, Davidson Co, and Randolph County. When the county was first established it was specified that the first court should be held at the home of Henry Munger, and all subsequent courts should be held where the justices of peace decided until a courthouse was built. In 1783 the Assembly authorized the building of the courthouse on land previously purchased for that purpose. There was some dissatisfaction among the people as to the location that had been selected but this didn't sway the commissioners from the location they had selected. In an effort to appease the ones dissatisfied the act provided for adequate ferries across the Yadkin and Uwharrie Rivers on the court, public, and election days. The General Assembly was petitioned to authorize removal of the courthouse in 1785. In 1791 an act was passed directing that the center of the county be located by actual survey, and Stokes was to be established at that place. petitioned to authorize the removal of the courthouse. When the commissioners failed to act new commissioners were named in 1792. At that time the courts were to be held at the home of Mark Kenneth unless the justices decide on some more convenient place. The courthouse battle continued on for several more years with the commissioners in 1815 being named to again locate the center of the county, purchase land, and erect a courthouse. They were authorized to sell the old courthouse and lot in the town of Henderson and apply the proceeds to the erection of the new buildings. In 1816 Laurenceville was named under the authority of a law enacted in 1815 establishing a town at the courthouse. The courthouse was ordered to be moved in 1843 from Laurenceville to the geographical center. Commissioners were named to locate the center, to acquire land, to lay out a town and erect the public buildings. In 1844 Troy was established as the county seat and remains so today.

The above information comes from website -

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

Fire.png1835--Courthouse fire destroyed many records.


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties





For tips on accessing Montgomery County, North Carolina Genealogy census records online, see: North Carolina Census.

Church Records

  • Fork of Little River. Church built 1758.[3] Originally located in Anson County.
  • Mouth of Hughwarry River. Constituted 1780.[3]
  • Rocky River P.D.R. Constituted 1758.[3]
  • Randall's United Methodist Church, near Norwood, N.C. Organized about 1785.[4] Later located in Stanly County.
  • Zion United Methodist Church, near Pee Dee, N.C. Organized 1786. Originally known as Scarborough's Meeting House.[5]



The Register of Deeds office serves as the custodian for real estate and vital records for Montgomery County. Our records include deeds, deeds of trust, maps, military discharge records, notary public records, birth certificates, death certificates, and marriage licenses.

Montgomery County Register of Deeds
PO Box 695
102 E. Spring St
Troy, NC 27371

Deeds are currently indexed and searchable online from 1999, records are being updated regularly, so check back often.

Do an Online Search

Local Histories



Civil War

Civil War Confederate units - Brief history, counties where recruited, etc.


The Montgomery Herald, 139 Bruton St, Troy, NC  27371    910-576-6051



The Clerk of Superior Court is elected for four years and must be a resident of the county in which he or she is elected. Unlike clerks of court in other states, the Clerk of Superior Court in North Carolina has numerous judicial functions.

As judge of probate, the Clerk has exclusive original jurisdiction over matters relating to the probate of wills, and the administration of estates, including appointing personal representatives, auditing their accounting, and removing them from office if necessary. The Clerk also presides over many other legal matters including adoptions, incompetency proceedings, condemnation of private lands for public use, and foreclosures. The Clerk is responsible for all clerical and record-keeping functions of the district and superior court. In addition, the Clerk receives and disburses money collected each year from court fees and fines. Montgomery County has probate records starting from 1785, you should contact the Clerk's office for more specific details about the documents that you are seeking.
Montgomery County Courthouse
108 East Main Street
Troy, NC 27371

Mailing Address:
P. O. Box 527
Troy, NC 27371
Clerk of the Superior Court
(910) 576-4211

A number of wills have been transcribed, please visit the following websites:


Websites with Tax Lists:

Vital Records

Birth, Marriage and Death Records are available at the Register of Deeds office. Montgomery County has Marriage records from 1779, and Birth & Death records starting from 1913, when the State started requiring the registration of these vital records. Visit the Montgomery County Register of Deeds website to get further details.

The following websites have a number of transcribed Vital Records for Montgomery County:

Societies and Libraries 

Family History Centers

Web Sites


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Montgomery County, North Carolina. Page 511 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 George Washington Paschal, History of North Carolina Baptists, 2 vols. (1930; reprint, Gallatin, Tenn.: Church History Research and Archives, 1990), 1:225-226; 2:566. FHL Book 975.6 K2p 1990.
  4. "Randall's United Methodist Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,, accessed 22 October 2012.
  5. "Zion United Methodist Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,, accessed 22 October 2012.
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