Montana Superintendency of Indian Affairs

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History

The Montana Superintendency of Indian Affairs was established in 1864. After the Superintendency was abolished in1873, the agents reported directly to the Office of Indian Affairs in Washington, DC. Some correspondence continued to be filed under "Montana" until the filing system was changed in 1881, however.

The records of the Montana Superintendency relate to most aspects of Indian affairs in its area, including negotiation and enforcement of treaties, Indian migration and subsistence, removal of Indians, annuity and other payments to Indians, location of agencies, traders and licenses, suppression of liquor traffic, hostilities and military operations, depredation claims, construction and repair of buildings, purchase and trasnportation of goods and supplies, employees, and accounts.

Governors and Ex Officio Superintendents

Sidney S. Edgerton   June 22, 1864,  Green Clay Smith  July 13, 1866

Superintendents

Maj. Gen. Alfted Sully  June 1, 1869,  Jasper A. Diall  September 9, 1870, and James Wright  December 11, 1872

Agencies

Correspondence regarding the Blackfoot, Piegan, Blood (Kainah), Grosventre Indians, Flathead, Upper Pend d'Oreilles, Kutenai Indians, Crow Indians, Assiniboin Indians, and, to a lesser extent, the Northern Cheyenne, Arapaho, Shoshoni, Santee, Yankton, Yanktonai, Teton, Bannock, Shoshoni, and Tukuarika Indians are included.

Records

Records of the Montana Superintendent of Indian Affairs, 1867-1873, are at the National Archives and have been microfilmed as their Microcopy Number M833. Copies are also available at the Denver and  Seattle Regional Archives. This set of microfilm of the records of the Montana Superintendency is also available at the Family History Library and its family history centers.

Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Montana Superintendency, 1864-1880, have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M234. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers on their microfilm roll numbers 1661218 thru 1661248.

References

Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Press, [1974].

Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington [District of Columbia]: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1981.

Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.

Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington, DC:

Sources