Difference between revisions of "Montana History"

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'''1846'''<nowiki>: Fort Benton, the only Montana trading post to become a permanent settlement, was established on the Missouri River.</nowiki>  
 
'''1846'''<nowiki>: Fort Benton, the only Montana trading post to become a permanent settlement, was established on the Missouri River.</nowiki>  
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'''1855:'''&nbsp; (July 16,) Through&nbsp;the Treaty of Hell Gate the Salish and Kutenai (Kootnai) Indians ceded their lands to the United States.
  
 
'''1859'''<nowiki>: Steamboats first reached Fort Benton.</nowiki>  
 
'''1859'''<nowiki>: Steamboats first reached Fort Benton.</nowiki>  
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'''1864'''<nowiki>: Montana Territory was established with nine counties.</nowiki> (March 26,)  
 
'''1864'''<nowiki>: Montana Territory was established with nine counties.</nowiki> (March 26,)  
  
1867-1877 Indian Wars  
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'''1867-1877 '''Indian Wars  
  
1876 (June 25,) Sioux Wars General George Armstrong Cuser and 265 men and the 7th Cavalry slaughtered by Sioux Indians at the Battle of Little BIg Horn  
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'''1876''' (June 25,) Sioux Wars General George Armstrong Cuser and 265 men and the 7th Cavalry slaughtered by Sioux Indians at the Battle of Little BIg Horn  
  
1879 Cheyenne
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'''1879''' Cheyenne  
  
 
'''1880s'''<nowiki>: Railroads first crossed Montana. The population of the territory was about 40,000.</nowiki>  
 
'''1880s'''<nowiki>: Railroads first crossed Montana. The population of the territory was about 40,000.</nowiki>  
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'''1889'''<nowiki>: Montana became a state.</nowiki> (November 8,)  
 
'''1889'''<nowiki>: Montana became a state.</nowiki> (November 8,)  
  
1892&nbsp; (October 15,) Crow Indian reservation opened to settlers by Presidential proclamation.&nbsp; The territory covered 1,800,000 acres.  
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'''1892&nbsp;''' (October 15,) Crow Indian reservation opened to settlers by Presidential proclamation.&nbsp; The territory covered 1,800,000 acres.  
  
 
'''1910-1925'''<nowiki>: The number of counties doubled from 28 to the present 56 as homesteaders moved into eastern Montana. By 1930 a cycle of drought years had driven many of the settlers from the state.</nowiki>  
 
'''1910-1925'''<nowiki>: The number of counties doubled from 28 to the present 56 as homesteaders moved into eastern Montana. By 1930 a cycle of drought years had driven many of the settlers from the state.</nowiki>  
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http://travel.state.mt.us/tripplanner/thingstodo/history.htm  
 
http://travel.state.mt.us/tripplanner/thingstodo/history.htm  
  
http://www.metnet.state.mt.us/teachmthistory/<br><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->
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http://www.metnet.state.mt.us/teachmthistory/<br><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->
 
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[[Category:Montana]]
 
[[Category:Montana]]

Revision as of 18:36, 13 May 2008

The following important events in the history of Montana affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements.

1803-1850s: The United States acquired from France the area of Montana east of the mountains. Britain relinquished its claims to the western section in 1846. Until the 1850s, Montana was the domain of Indians, explorers, fur traders, trappers, and missionaries.

1841: Jesuit priests founded St. Mary's mission. In the 1850's this mission became the center of ranching activity in the Bitterroot Valley of western Montana.

1846: Fort Benton, the only Montana trading post to become a permanent settlement, was established on the Missouri River.

1855:  (July 16,) Through the Treaty of Hell Gate the Salish and Kutenai (Kootnai) Indians ceded their lands to the United States.

1859: Steamboats first reached Fort Benton.

1860s: Montana west of the continental divide was designated Missoula County, Washington Territory, in 1860. In 1861 the unsettled eastern portion was attached to Dakota Territory. In 1863 and 1864 all of Montana was included in Idaho Territory.

1862-1864: The discovery of gold in western Montana brought an influx of miners to Bannack, Virginia City, and Helena. Many of the miners began farming and set up supply centers—such as Missoula, Deer Lodge, and Bozeman.

1864: Montana Territory was established with nine counties. (March 26,)

1867-1877 Indian Wars

1876 (June 25,) Sioux Wars General George Armstrong Cuser and 265 men and the 7th Cavalry slaughtered by Sioux Indians at the Battle of Little BIg Horn

1879 Cheyenne

1880s: Railroads first crossed Montana. The population of the territory was about 40,000.

1889: Montana became a state. (November 8,)

1892  (October 15,) Crow Indian reservation opened to settlers by Presidential proclamation.  The territory covered 1,800,000 acres.

1910-1925: The number of counties doubled from 28 to the present 56 as homesteaders moved into eastern Montana. By 1930 a cycle of drought years had driven many of the settlers from the state.

An especially helpful source for studying the history of Montana is Merrill G. Burlingame and K. Ross Toole, Editors, A History of Montana, Three Volumes. (New York, NY: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1957; FHL book 978.6 H2b). Volume 3 has family histories.

Local histories for Montana's counties are listed in Montana's Genealogical and Local History Records . . . (see the "For Further Reading" section of this outline).

Online Resources

http://www.his.state.mt.us/

http://travel.state.mt.us/tripplanner/thingstodo/history.htm

http://www.metnet.state.mt.us/teachmthistory/