Montana Census

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Portal:United States Census >Montana


1890--Census was destroyed.The 1890 Union veterans schedule and index are available at the Family History Library and at the National Archives.

1900-1930--The Family History Library has the U.S. federal censuses for Montana for 1900, 1910, 1920 and 1930.

Many federal census records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives and its regional centers, and state archives. The United States Research Outline provides more detailed information about these records.

Historical Background

1860s--Montana west of the continental divide was designated Missoula County, Washington Territoy in 1860.  In 1861 the unsettled eastern portion was attached to Dakota Territory,  In 1863 and 1864 all of Montana was included in Idaho Territory.

1864--Montana Territory was established with nine counties.

1889--Montana became a state.

1910-1925--The number of counties doubled from 28 to the present 56 as homesteaders moved into eastern Montana.


1860-1880--Indexes are available in book format.

To identify early settlers, see:

  •  List of Early Settlers: A List of All Persons (Except Indians) Who Were in What Is Now Montana During the Winter of 1862-1863, compiled by the Montana Historical Society. It is found in:
  • Contributions to the Historical Society of Montana . . . , 1: 293-308, Second Edition. (Helena: Rocky Mountain Publishing Company, 1902; Family History Library film 1000177 item 2).

State Census

There are no state censuses for Montana.

Special Censuses

Mortality Schedules

1870-1880--Mortality schedules for the 1870 and 1880 censuses are at the Montana Historical Society and at the DAR library in Washington, DC. The Family History Library also has published indexes for the 1870 and 1880 mortality schedules.

Mortality Schedules 1850-1880

Territorial Censuses

1860--The area that is now western Montana was part of the Washington Territory. Eastern Montana was part of the unorganized area of Nebraska Territory. The 1860 censuses for these two territories list the individuals who lived in what is now Montana.

1870-1880--Federal censuses for Montana Territory are available.

Web Sites


Heritage Quest Online:

Census Online:

Genealogy Today:

Access Genealogy:

Census Finder:

Mortality Schedules:

Bibliographic Citations

Montana Research Outline. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.