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Monroe County, Wisconsin Genealogy

Revision as of 10:22, 26 June 2018 by Blrhoads (talk | contribs) (Cemeteries: fixed cemetery links)

Guide to Monroe County, Wisconsin ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Sparta
Organized: March 21, 1854
Parent County(s): La Crosse County[1]
Neighboring Counties
Jackson  • Juneau  • La Crosse  • Vernon
See County Maps
Monroe County Courthouse WI.JPG
Location Map
WI Monroe.png

County InformationEdit


County CourthouseEdit

Monroe County Courthouse
202 S K Street
Sparta, WI 54656
Phone: 608-269-8705
Monroe County Website

Register of Deeds has birth, marriage, death, and land records.
Clerk of Courts has divorce, probate, court and naturalization records.
Veterans Service Office has military records. [2]

Monroe County, Wisconsin Record DatesEdit

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1854 1854 1854 1851 1855 1860

Record LossEdit

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary ChangesEdit

  • 1854--Monroe County was created 21 March 1854 from La Crosse County.
  • County seat: Sparta[3]

For animated maps illustrating Wisconsin County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Wisconsin County Boundary Maps" (1790-1961) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated PlacesEdit

History TimelineEdit


Bible RecordsEdit


Business, Commerce, and OccupationsEdit


Cemeteries of Monroe County, Wisconsin online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Wisconsin Cemeteries for more information


Census RecordsEdit

For tips on accessing Monroe census records online, see: Wisconsin Census.

Church RecordsEdit

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Wisconsin denominations, view the Wisconsin Church Records wiki page.


  • Records of Trinity Lutheran Church, Cashton, in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at ($).

Court RecordsEdit


Emigration and ImmigrationEdit

Ethnic, Political, and Religious GroupsEdit

Funeral HomesEdit



Land and Property RecordsEdit

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Wisconsin Land and Property for additional information about early Wisconsin land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local HistoriesEdit

Maps and GazetteersEdit



Military RecordsEdit

Civil WarEdit

Regiments. Service men in Monroe served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Monroe:

World War IEdit

Naturalization and CitizenshipEdit



Other RecordsEdit

Institutional Records



Probate RecordsEdit

Probate records are held by the Monroe Clerk of Circuit Court and are housed at the Monroe Courthouse. See the wiki page Wisconsin Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, and adoptions.

Online Records

School RecordsEdit

Tax RecordsEdit

Wisconsin tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned property or other items that could be taxed were listed, some residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records. For more information see the Wiki page, Wisconsin Taxation.

Vital RecordsEdit

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Most counties started keeping records in the 1870s. In 1907, the counties began sending copies to the state.

For pre-1907 births, deaths, and marriages, search the Wisconsin Genealogy Index.

For additional information, see Wisconsin Vital Records.





Research FacilitiesEdit


  • Area Research Center
    Murphy Library, University of Wisconsin, La Crosse
    1631 Pine St.
    La Crosse, Wisconsin 54601
    Telephone: 608-785-8511
  • Monroe County Local History Room & Museum
    200 West Main Street, 1st Floor
    Sparta, WI 54656
    Phone: 608-269-8680
Monroe County Local History Room & Museum is a Monroe County Department that has microfilm of county newspapers, early vital records, Wisconsin and US Censuses, naturalization records, tax rolls, probate records, military registration lists, as well as court records, church records, plat maps, school records, some cemetery records, family history books and files, yearbooks, and a large photo archive for researchers to access. Records can be looked up in person or ordered via their website. Online indexes are always being updated and added to.
Search Monroe County Local History Room Archives Index to find archival material related to Monroe County families, or the Monroe County Local History Room & Museum Website to see if records are available for family members with ties to Monroe County and the surrounding area. MCLHR also has some records connected to neighboring counties.

Family History CentersEdit

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.


  • Murphy Library, University of Wisconsin, La Crosse
    Area Research Center
    1631 Pine St.
    La Crosse, Wisconsin 54601
    Telephone: 608-785-8511



  • Monroe County Historical Society
    PO Box 422
    Sparta, WI 54656
    Phone: 608-378-4388
  • Monroe, Jackson, Juneau Genealogical Workshop
    1510 Eaton Ave
    Tomah, WI 54660
    Phone: 608-372-7853
  • Foundation for Eastern European Family History Studies
    PO Box 321
    Springville, UT 84663


Research GuidesEdit


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wisconsin.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wisconsin.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wisconsin.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.