Monroe County, Missouri Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png Missouri Gotoarrow.png Monroe County

Guide to Monroe County Missouri genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Missouri
Online Records

Monroe County, Missouri
Map of the U.S. highlighting Missouri
Location of Missouri in the U.S.
Founded January 6, 1831
County Seat Paris
Address Monroe County Courthouse
300 N Main Street
Paris, MO 65275-1399
Phone: 660.327.1019
Monroe County Website

County Courthouse

Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce and court records;
probate Judge has probate records; County Assessor has
has land records[1]


Parent County

1831--Monroe County was created 6 January 1831 from Ralls County. County seat: Paris [2]

Boundary Changes

  • See an interactive map of Monroe County border changes at N2Genealogy.

Record Loss


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties


African American

  • 1865-1881 - Monroe County Colored Marriage Book 1 Index 1865-1881. Batch M515873 at FamilySearch - free.[3]



Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Missouri denominations, view the Missouri Church Records wiki page.


St. Stephen's Church, Indian Creek

  • 1833-1875 - St. Stephen's Church, Indian Creek, Baptism Index 1833-1875. Batch C520471 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1835-1885 - St. Stephen's Church, Indian Creek, Marriage Index 1835-1885. Batch M520471 at FamilySearch - free.[3]



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Monroe County, Missouri Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Missouri Local Histories.





Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Monroe County, Missouri Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

  • ($) has historical newspapers available on-line. Their database has Moberly newspapers from the early 1900's that covered local news on residents from Monroe County communities.


Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.

  • 1865-1881 - Monroe County Birth Index, Volume 1, 1865-1881. Batch C515873 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1831-1879 - Monroe County Marriage Books 1 thru 3 Index 1831-1879. Batch M515871 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1879-1885 - Monroe County Marriage Books 4 and 5 Index 1879-1885. Batch M515872 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • Missouri State Archives provides on-line access to Missouri Death Certificates more than 50 yrs old starting in 1910.
  • 1883-1885 - Monroe County Death Index 1883-1885. Batch B515879 at FamilySearch - free.[3]

Societies and Libraries


Historical Society

Monroe County Historical Society
PO Box 131, Paris, MO 65275
Phone: (660) 327-1831

Family History Centers

Web Sites

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Family History Library Catalog


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Monroe County, Missouri. Page 403 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at