Open main menu

Monroe County, Michigan Genealogy

Guide to Monroe County, Michigan ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Monroe County, Michigan
Map of the U.S. highlighting Michigan
Location of Michigan in the U.S.
Founded July 14, 1817
County Seat Monroe
Address Monroe County Courthouse
106 E 1st Street
Monroe, MI 48161
Phone: 888-354-5500
Monroe County Website

County InformationEdit


The County was named for James Monroe. The County has Monroe as its seat and the County was created July 14, 1817. The County is located in the southeast area of the state.[1]

Monroe County, Michigan Record DatesEdit

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1874 1818 1867 1945 1806 1817 1820
Statewide registration started in 1867 for births and deaths. General compliance by 1915.

County CourthouseEdit

County Clerk has birth records from 1874, marriage records from 1818, death records from 1867, divorce and court records to 1945.
Probate Court has probate records.
Register of Deeds has land records. [3]


Parent CountyEdit

1817--Monroe County was created 14 July 1817 from Wayne County. County seat: Monroe [4]

Boundary ChangesEdit

For animated maps illustrating Michigan county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Michigan County Boundary Maps" (1790-1897) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record LossEdit

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.


Populated PlacesEdit

Neighboring CountiesEdit

Lenawee  • Lucas County, Ohio  • Washtenaw  • Wayne



Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
USGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
MIGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Billion Graves
See Michigan Cemeteries for more information.

Listing of Cemeteries by Township, City or Village


State Census


Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Michigan denominations, view the Michigan Church Records wiki page.

Name Town Baptism Death Marriage Confirmation
St. Charles Newport 1852-1901 1853-1984 1853-1900
St. John the Baptist Monroe 1873-1901 1918-1984 1873-1901
St. Joseph Erie 1825-1900 1841-1984 1827-1858, 1858-1900 (1856-1885 missing)
St. Joseph Maybee 1890-1902 1890-1984 1890-1984 1894-1911
St. Mary Monroe 1794-1830, 1882-1907 1795-1941, 1942-1984 1794-1908
St. Michael Monroe 1852-1900 1852-1984 1852-1900 1852-1898
St. Patrick Carleton 1859-1909 1859-1984 1859-1878 1874-1890
Name Place Microfilm Years
1st United Presbyterian Church Petersburg 1856-1913
Immanuel Lutheran Church Ida 1879-1949
Maybee Congregational Church Maybee 1880-1950
Methodist Episcopal Church of Petersburg Deerfield 1883-1900
Prince of Peace Lutheran Church Ida 1860-1913
St. John Evangelical Lutheran Church Dundee 1860-1949
St. Michael Lutheran Church Ottawa Lake 1872-1937
St. Paul's Lutheran Church Maybee 1859-1928
St. Paul's Lutheran Church Monroe 1897-1940
St. Paul's United Methodist Church Monroe 1841-1900
Trinity Episcopal Church Monroe 1831-1924
Trinity Lutheran Church Monroe 1843-1907
Trinity Lutheran Church Monroe 1843-1911
Zion Lutheran Church Ottawa Lake 1861-1935


Emigration and ImmigrationEdit


Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Michigan Land and Property for additional information about early Michigan land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local HistoriesEdit

Local histories are available for Monroe County, Michigan Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Michigan Local Histories.


Washtenaw CountyWayne CountyLenawee CountyFulton CountyLucas CountyMI MONROE.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Civil WarEdit

Civil War service men from Monroe County served in various regiments. Men often joined a regiment or a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are the military units that were formed in or had many men from Monroe County.

- 17th Regiment, Michigan Infantry, Companies C and i

Online Records

War of 1812Edit

World War IEdit


Bygones of Monroe: Glimpses of Life in Monroe County History Taken from Area Newspapers.

Finding More Michigan NewspapersEdit

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Monroe County, Michigan Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Other RecordsEdit


In most counties in Michigan, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate packets, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Michigan, Monroe and search for Probate records in the list.

Note: Not every county in Michigan will have Probate Records in the FamilySearch Catalog.

Online Probate Records


Vital RecordsEdit

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased as shown below:

Birth Records and Death Records from the Michigan Department of Community Health (from 1867) or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.
Marriage Records (from 1867) and Divorce Records (from 1897) from the County Clerk.


Societies and LibrariesEdit

Family History CentersEdit

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.



  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Monroe County, Michigan" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, ",_Michigan."
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Monroe County, Michigan . Page 343-351 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 346-349.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Monroe County, Michigan page 348, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).