Missouri, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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Missouri, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865 .
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Missouri, United States
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Record Description
Record Type Compiled Service Records
Record Group RG 94: Records of the Adjutant General's Office
Collection years 1861-1865
Microfilm Publication M405. Compiled Military Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers who Served in Organizations from the State of Missouri. 854 rolls.
National Archives Identifier 586957
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
  • Ancestry ($) Searchable Civil War service records
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration



What Is In This Collection?

The collection consists of Union service records of soldiers who served from Missouri for the years 1861 to1865. The following records are found in the various muster rolls:

  • Name of soldier
  • Rank, Company and Battalion
  • Date and place of enlistment
  • By whom enlisted
  • Length of enlistment
  • Payment for service
  • Discharge date
  • Remarks regarding discharge, desertion or death

For each military unit the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm. This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780s - 1917, and is National Archive Microfilm Publication M405. Index courtesy of www.fold3.com (previously Footnote.com).

Service records were kept for each Union soldier. Those records, or their abstracts, were compiled into individual files. Each envelope/jacket contains information and cross references to original records relating to the soldier.

To Browse This Collection

What Can These Records Tell Me?

The index to these records contains the following:

  • Jacket name
  • Soldier’s full name
  • Year
  • Age (often estimated)
  • Military unit served in
  • Type of records in file
  • NARA publication number, title, and roll number

These records also usually include the following:

  • A jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, rank, and the unit in which he served
  • A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, parole rolls, and inspection reports
  • The originals of any papers relating only to the particular soldier


How Do I Search This Collection?

Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:

  • The name of your ancestor.
  • The age.

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches


How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.

What Do I Do Next?

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • Use the age to calculate a birth date and to find other records such as birth, christening, census, land and death records.
  • Use the information to find additional family members. Witnesses or bondsmen were usually relatives.
  • Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
  • Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?

  • Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • Collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search.
  • Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images.
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
  • Search the indexes and records of Missouri, United States Genealogy.
  • Search in the Missouri Archives and Libraries.
  • Search in the FamilySearch Library Catalog

Citing This Collection

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation

"Missouri, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing "Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations From the State of Missouri." Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : n.d. NARA microfilm publication M405. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1964.

Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record.

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