Difference between revisions of "Mississippi Census"

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Mississippi (state)|Mississippi]]  >  [[Mississippi_Census|Census]]''  
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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Mississippi|Mississippi]]  >  [[Mississippi Census|Census]]''  
  
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
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{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" border="0"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
 +
*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
 +
*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
For a list of available and missing Mississippi censuses, [[Mississippi Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
+
<br>
  
== Availability  ==
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*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Mississippi Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
'''1820-1930--'''The Family History Library has the U.S. federal censuses of Mississippi
+
|}
  
'''1830--'''The census for Pike County is missing.
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=== Online Mississippi indexes and images  ===
  
'''''1850 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1401638 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site]. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1850, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
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{{Census Online Mississippi}}
  
<br>'''1860 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site.] This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors. The records for Washington and Sunflower counties are missing.''
+
=== Federal population schedules  ===
  
'''&nbsp;1870 United States Census---'''A free internet index and images can be viewed on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch Record Pilot site]. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.
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==== Microfilm images ====
  
'''''1880 United States Census'''''– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1417683 Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site.] This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.
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*
  
'''1890--'''The census has been destroyed. The 1890 Union veterans schedule and index are available at the Family History Library and at the National Archives.
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
'''1900 Federal Census''' - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the&nbsp; [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#start FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1236863911171_679" />]. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Mississippi, [[Mississippi Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
== Historical Background ==
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=== Federal non-population schedules ===
  
'''1699--'''The French established a settlement called Fort Maurepas on Biloxi Bay.
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==== Online indexes and images  ====
  
'''1716--'''Fort Rosalie, now Natchez, was established by the French on the Mississippi River.  
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="77%" align="center" border="1"
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Mississippi'''</font>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" colspan="3" | '''Free'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Pay'''
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Year'''
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| align="center" width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Type'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Record Search'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Census Bureau'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Google Book'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Heritage Quest'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry Library'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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|-
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| '''1890'''
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| width="20%" | Veterans
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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|-
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| '''1880'''
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| width="20%" | Mortality
 +
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1870'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1860'''
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| Slave owner
 +
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/results/image?urn=urn%3Aproquest%3AUS%3Bcensus%3B8457527%3B-1%3B8%3B18&searchtype=3&offset=1&locthreadid=4479091&hitcount=5479 Link]<ref name="HQSlave">HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.</ref>
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1860'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1850'''
 +
| Slave owner
 +
| align="center" | [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;c=1420440;t=browsable;w=0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/results/image?urn=urn%3Aproquest%3AUS%3Bcensus%3B12159696%3B-1%3B7%3B18&searchtype=3&offset=1&locthreadid=8194799&hitcount=4245 Link]<ref name="HQSlave" />
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1850'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;c=1420441 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1840'''
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| Pensioners
 +
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
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| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
|}
  
'''1763--'''France ceded its claims to the Mississippi region to Great Britain.
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==== Microfilm images  ====
  
'''1783--'''Britain ceded the Gulf Coast area to Spain.&nbsp; The rest of the Mississippi region was claimed by Georgia.&nbsp; The boundary was in dispute until 1795.  
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*'''1850-1880'''--Mortality schedules are at the Mississippi Department of Archives and History.
  
'''1798--'''Congress organized the Mississippi Territory.
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
'''1817--'''The eastern part of the Mississippi Territory was organized as the Territory of Alabama.&nbsp; Mississippi became a state.  
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Mississippi, [[Mississippi Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].  
  
== Indexes ==
+
=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses ===
  
'''1820-1870--'''Statewide indexes are available for the censuses.  
+
'''1792-1866--''' These censuses are available at the Mississippi Department of Archives and History and at the Family History Library (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=256479&disp=State+census+records%2C+1792%2D1866%20%20&columns=*,0,0 film 899868-870]).  
  
'''1880-1930-- '''Soundex (phonetic) indexes are available on microfilm. Large cities in Mississippi have their own soundex.&nbsp;
+
For an index covering the years 1792 to 1816, see:
  
== Special Censuses  ==
+
*Norman E. Gillis, ''Early Inhabitants of the Natchez District.''Baton Rouge, Louisiana: N.E. Gillis, 1963 (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=153410&disp=Early+inhabitants+of+the+Natchez+Distric%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 976.2 X2p]) This includes a list of residents in 1810.
  
'''1850-1880--'''Mortality schedules are at the Mississippi Department of Archives and History. Indexes to the 1850, 1860, and 1870 schedules are available at the Family History Library.  
+
Published indexes are available for the surviving censuses for the years 1810, 1820-25, 1830/37, 1840/41, and 1845.  
  
'''1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1420441 FamilySearch Record Search - Pilot Site]. Mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for the twelve months&nbsp;prior to the 1850 census.&nbsp; Key genealogical facts found on the 1850 mortality&nbsp;schedule are: Name, age, sex, color, married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, cause of death.
+
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
  
==== Slave Holder Schedules  ====
+
For a list of available and missing Mississippi censuses, [[Mississippi Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
 
 
'''1850 United States Census Slave Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Slave Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1420440;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site] listing each '''slave owner's''' name and residence. It also shows the age, gender, and color of the slaves. Slave names are not normally listed.
 
 
 
== Territorial and State Censuses  ==
 
 
 
'''1792-1866--'''Territorial and state censuses were taken at frequent intervals for various counties. Few are complete and the information in the censuses varies.
 
 
 
'''1792--'''Maiden names are included in the&nbsp;census.
 
 
 
These censuses are available at the Mississippi Department of Archives and History and at the Family History Library (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=256479&disp=State+census+records%2C+1792%2D1866%20%20&columns=*,0,0 film 899868-870]).
 
 
 
For an index covering the years 1792 to 1816, see:
 
 
 
*&nbsp;Norman E. Gillis, ''Early Inhabitants of the Natchez District.''Baton Rouge, Louisiana: N.E. Gillis, 1963 (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=153410&disp=Early+inhabitants+of+the+Natchez+Distric%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 976.2 X2p])&nbsp;This includes a list of residents in 1810.
 
 
 
Published indexes are available for the surviving censuses for the years 1810, 1820-25, 1830/37, 1840/41, and 1845.
 
  
== Web Sites ==
+
=== Why use a census? ===
  
Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
+
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
+
=== More about censuses  ===
  
Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/MS/ http://www.census-online.com/links/MS/]
+
[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:  
  
Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/ms/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/ms/census.html]  
+
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
 +
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
Access Genealogy:&nbsp; [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/mississippi.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/mississippi.htm]
+
=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
== References  ==
+
{{reflist}}
  
''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/search/RG/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=MIssissippi.ASP Mississippi Research Outline].'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.
+
{{Place|Mississippi}} {{stub}}
  
 
[[Category:Mississippi|Census]]
 
[[Category:Mississippi|Census]]

Revision as of 17:31, 16 February 2010

United States  >  U.S. Census  >  Mississippi  >  Census

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Mississippi indexes and images

1880-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Mississippi 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - - - - - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link


Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1820-1870

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Mississippi 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1870 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1850 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1841 State indexes - - - - - Link  Link  Link  - -
images - - - - - Link  Link  Link  - -
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1820 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Mississippi, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Mississippi

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans - - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1860 Slave owner - - - Link[8] Link Link Link
1860 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1850 Slave owner Link - - Link[8] Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners - BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

  • 1850-1880--Mortality schedules are at the Mississippi Department of Archives and History.

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Mississippi, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

1792-1866-- These censuses are available at the Mississippi Department of Archives and History and at the Family History Library (Family History Library film 899868-870).

For an index covering the years 1792 to 1816, see:

  • Norman E. Gillis, Early Inhabitants of the Natchez District.Baton Rouge, Louisiana: N.E. Gillis, 1963 (Family History Library book 976.2 X2p) This includes a list of residents in 1810.

Published indexes are available for the surviving censuses for the years 1810, 1820-25, 1830/37, 1840/41, and 1845.

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Mississippi censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. 8.0 8.1 HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.