Difference between revisions of "Minnesota Census"

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Minnesota|Minnesota]]  >  [[Minnesota_Census|Census]]''  
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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Minnesota|Minnesota]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Minnesota_Census|Census]]''  
  
== Available and Lost Census Schedules  ==
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
 +
*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
 +
*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" align="center" border="1"
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<br>
 +
 
 +
*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Minnesota Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
=== Online Minnesota indexes and images  ===
 +
 
 +
{{Census Online Minnesota}}
 +
 
 +
=== Federal population schedules  ===
 +
 
 +
==== Microfilm images  ====
 +
 
 +
{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" colspan="90" | '''Minnesota:&nbsp;Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules'''<ref>Anne Bruner Eales, and Robert M Kvasnicka, ed., ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/44420788 Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives of the United States, 3d ed.]'' (Washington, D.C.: NARA, 2000), 35 and 45. </ref><ref>William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16509993 Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 169-78. </ref><ref>William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/41640325 The Census Book: A Genealogists Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes]'' (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999), 112. </ref>
+
| 1940 N/A
 +
| {{FHL|638144|title-id|disp=1910}}
 +
| {{FHL|698904|title-id|disp=1870}}&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" width="90" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Exact Date'''
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| {{FHL|1037428|title-id|disp=1930}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Population Schedules'''
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| {{FHL|636810|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Veterans/ Pensioners'''
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| {{FHL|705415|title-id|disp=1860}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Slave Owners'''
 
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Mortality'''
 
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Agricultural'''
 
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Industrial/ Manufact-urers'''
 
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Defective'''
 
| align="center" width="9%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Indian'''<ref>Only for Indian schedules taken along with Federal population schedules. </ref>
 
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1940''' Apr 1
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| {{FHL|574009|title-id|disp=1920&nbsp;and Soundex}}
| align="center" | Public release in&nbsp;2012
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| {{FHL|673574|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}
| align="center" | -
+
| {{FHL|744486|title-id|disp=1850}}
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -
 
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1930''' Apr 1
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|  
| align="center" | Exist
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|  
| align="center" | -
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|  
| align="center" | -
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|}
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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<br>
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
| align="center" | -
+
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1920''' Jan 1
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| 1940 N/A
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-03.html#minnesota 1910 T624]
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -  
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#minnesota 1880 T9]&nbsp;and&nbsp;[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#minnesota Soundex T756&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;]&nbsp;
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -  
 
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -  
 
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -  
 
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -  
 
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -  
 
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
 
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1910''' Apr 15
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| [http://1930census.archives.gov/beginSearch.asp 1930 T626]
| align="center" | Exist
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-07.html#minnesota 1900 T623]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-04.html#minnesota Soundex T1053]
| align="center" | -  
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html 1870 M593]
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | Exist
 
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1900''' Jun 1
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-08.html#minnesota 1920 T625]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-03.html#minnesota Soundex M1569]
| align="center" | Exist
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-08.html 1890 fragments M407]&nbsp;/ [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-08.html#mn index M496]
| align="center" | -  
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#minnesota 1860 M653&nbsp;]
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | Exist
 
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1890''' Jun 2
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| &nbsp;
| align="center" width="16%" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | A few families in Wright Co. only
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|
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-03.html#minnesota 1850 M432]
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -  
+
| &nbsp;
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
|}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
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<br>
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
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*1900 The schedule for White Earth Indian Reservation follows Yellow Medicine County Census.
 +
 
 +
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
 +
 
 +
For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Minnesota, [[Minnesota Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
 +
 
 +
=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
 +
 
 +
==== Online indexes and images  ====
 +
 
 +
{| align="center" width="77%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1880''' Jun 1
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Minnesota'''</font>
| align="center" | Exist
 
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | Exist
 
| align="center" | Exist
 
| align="center" | Exist
 
| align="center" | Exist
 
| align="center" | -
 
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1870''' Jun 1
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" colspan="3" | '''Free'''
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Pay'''
| align="center" | Exist
 
| align="center" | Exist
 
| align="center" | Exist
 
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | -
 
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1860''' Jun 1
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Year'''  
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist
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| align="center" width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Type'''
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Record Search'''
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Census Bureau'''
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Google Book'''
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Heritage Quest'''
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry Library'''
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Ancestry Home'''
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" width="15%" | '''1857 Territorial'''
+
| '''1890'''
| align="center" | Exist
+
| width="20%" | Veterans
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1610551 Link]
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1880'''
 +
| width="20%" | Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1850''' Jun 1
+
| '''1870'''  
| align="center" | Exist
+
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
| align="center" | Exist
 
| align="center" | Exist
 
| align="center" | Exist
 
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" width="12%" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1849 Territorial'''  
+
| '''1860'''  
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist
+
| Mortality
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
 
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
 
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
 
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
 
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
 
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | -
 
|-
 
| align="left" | '''1840''' Jun 1
 
| align="center" | Enumerated as '''part of WI Territory''' and '''IA Territory'''
 
| align="center" | Exist
 
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1830''' Jun 1
+
| '''1850'''  
| align="center" width="18%" | Enumerated as '''part of MI Territory''', but Ft. Snelling families missing
+
| Mortality
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
| align="center" | -
 
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1840'''
 +
| Pensioners
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1786457 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
 +
| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 
|}
 
|}
  
<br>
+
==== Microfilm images  ====
 
 
==== Sources and Notes  ====
 
 
 
{{reflist}}<br>
 
 
 
'''''1850 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1401638 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site]. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1850, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
 
 
 
'''1860 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site.] This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors.''
 
 
 
'''1860-1930-- '''Census Records are available for with the following exceptions:
 
 
 
'''1870--'''The National Archives copy of the 1870 census was destroyed, another version was reconstructed from duplicates preserved by the state.&nbsp; The Family History Library has copies from both the Minnesota Historical Society (Archives and Manuscripts Collections) and the National Archives.
 
 
 
'''&nbsp;1870 United States Census---'''A free internet index and images can be viewed on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch Record Pilot site]. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.
 
 
 
'''''1880 United States Census'''''– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1417683 Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site.] This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.
 
 
 
'''1890-- '''Census lost for all counties except Rockford Township, Wright County
 
 
 
'''1890--'''Union&nbsp;Veteran&nbsp;Schedule.&nbsp;The Minnesota Histoirical Society has produced two microfiche of 1890 census information. It covers&nbsp;several families in Rockville Township, Wright County.
 
 
 
'''1900 Federal Census''' - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the&nbsp; [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#start FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1236863911171_679" />]. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.
 
 
 
PLEASE NOTE:&nbsp; Not all&nbsp;areas of the US&nbsp;have been indexed for 1900, but they can be&nbsp;searched in a section called ''Browse unindexed images''.
 
 
 
'''1900-- '''The schedule for White Earth Indian Reservation follows Yellow Medicine County Census
 
 
 
== Historical Background  ==
 
 
 
'''1686-1762--'''The French established a chain of forts and small settlements in the area of Minnesota.
 
 
 
'''1783--'''Great Britain grants eastern portions of Minnesota to the United States.
 
 
 
'''1787-1800--'''Minnesota is part of the Northwest Territory.
 
 
 
'''1800-1809--'''Minnesota is part of Indiana Territory.
 
 
 
'''1809-1818--'''Minnesota is part of Illinois Territory.
 
 
 
'''1818-1836--'''The area that is now Minnesota is in Michigan Territory.
 
 
 
'''1836--'''All of Minnesota is in Wisconsin Territory.
 
 
 
'''1840--'''Some Minnesota residents are listed in the 1840 territorial censuses of Wisconsin and Iowa.
 
 
 
'''1849--'''Congress creates Minnesota Territory.
 
 
 
'''1858--'''Minnesota gains statehood.
 
 
 
== Indexes  ==
 
 
 
==== '''Statewide indexes'''  ====
 
 
 
The census schedules of '''1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 '''are indexed.
 
 
 
*'''[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1401638 1850], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 1860], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 1870],&nbsp;[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1417683 1880] &amp; [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1325221 1900]&nbsp;'''&nbsp;US Censuses for Minnesota&nbsp;are available at pilot.familysearch.org for free. Site includes searchable name indexes and images. '''1860 '''and '''1880 '''are&nbsp;available in name index only.&nbsp;
 
 
 
An '''1860 '''every-name card index on microfilm is:
 
 
 
*''Index to the 1860 Federal Census Schedules for Minnesota''. St. Paul, Minnesota: Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts, 1978. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=276458&disp=Index+to+the+1860+federal+census+schedul++ microfilms 1373881–911]). The page numbers in this card index do not always correspond to the page numbers in the National Archives microfilms of the 1860 census. This index may be used to decide which county and township the family lived in. Then that location can be searched line by line on the census schedules.
 
 
 
The '''Minnesota Historical Society '''has an '''every-name card index '''to the '''1870 '''federal census that is different from the printed version. The index is on microfilm and is available through interlibrary loan. A few printed county or area indexes exist for some of the state censuses.
 
 
 
'''1880,1900, 1920'''--Soundex (phonetic) indexes&nbsp;are available&nbsp;for part of&nbsp;the '''1880''' census and all of the&nbsp;'''1900 and 1920 '''censuses.
 
 
 
There is no statewide index to the '''1910''' census of Minnesota.
 
 
 
The following reference tools help determine which census schedule microfilm and enumeration district to search for specific addresses:
 
 
 
*Kirkham, E. Kay. ''A Handy Guide to Record- Searching in the Larger Cities of the United States''. Logan, Utah: Everton, 1974. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=216818&disp=A+handy+guide+to+record-searching+in+t++ book 973 D27kc; microfiche 6010059-60].) Contains street maps for Duluth, Minneapolis, and St. Paul.&nbsp;
 
 
 
== Special Censuses  ==
 
 
 
==== '''Mortality''' Schedules  ====
 
 
 
A mortality schedule is a list of persons who died in the 12-months period &nbsp;prior to the census
 
 
 
There are published indexes to the Minnesota&nbsp;mortality schedules for 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880.
 
 
 
'''1850'''-- indexed by county
 
 
 
'''1860'''--indexed
 
 
 
'''1870--''' indexed by county
 
 
 
'''1880-- '''indexed
 
 
 
*Jackson, Ronald Vern, ed. ''Mortality Schedule, Minnesota 1880''.&nbsp; Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems. 1979.&nbsp; (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=548411&disp=Minnesota+1870+mortality+schedule%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 977.6X2j 1880])&nbsp;.
 
*''Mortality Records of Minnestoa by Counties from the Territorial Period of 1850 to the End of the year 1870: with the Records of St. Louis County to End of Year, 1883.'' Typescript, 1947. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=977.6+X2m book 977.6 X2m]) This book gives name, age, sex. state or country of birth, occupation and month of death. The St. Louis County lists are for 1872-1879 and 1881-1883. This book is arranged by county and is not indexed. The records come form the federal census except St. Louis County, which appears to come from local records.
 
*[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules 1850-1880]
 
 
 
'''1900--''' There is also a&nbsp;surviving portion of the 1900 mortality&nbsp;schedule taken for Minnesota.&nbsp; The printed transcription can be found in"
 
 
 
*Warren, James W. ''Minnesota 1900 Census Mortality Schedule''. St. Paul, Minnesota:&nbsp;Warren Research and Marketing Publication, 1992. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=605663&disp=Minnesota+1900+census+mortality+schedule%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 977.6 X2w 1900])&nbsp;<br>
 
 
 
==== Veteran Schedules (1890) <br> ====
 
 
 
A special census was taken in 1890 of Union veterans of the Civil War:
 
 
 
*United States. Census Office. 11th Census, 1890. ''Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War. ''National Archives Microfilm Publication M123. (On 118 Family History Library microfilms.) The Minnesota returns are available at the Family History Library on Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=230777&disp=Schedules+enumerating+Union+veterans+and++ microfilms 338181–84]. This census lists the veteran’s name or widow, rank, company and regiment or vessel, dates of service, and current post office address.
 
 
 
An index to the Minnesota returns has been published:
 
 
 
*Dilts, Bryan Lee. ''1890 Minnesota Census Index of Civil War Veterans or Their Widows''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Index Publishing, 1985. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=214241&disp=1890+Minnesota+census+index+of+Civil+War++ book 977.6 X22d 1890]). <br>
 
 
 
The following '''special censuses '''are available at the Minnesota Historical Society:&nbsp;
 
 
 
==== Agricultural Schedule ====
 
 
 
Agricultural census lists: &nbsp;name of agent, manager, or owner of farm, acres of land, cash value of farm, value of farm implements and machinery, number of various farm animals, value of livestock, amounts produced of grains, wool, cotton, dairy and all farm&nbsp;products, value of orchard products, value of homemade manufactures, and value of animals slaughtered.
 
 
 
'''Years taken: 1850,1860,1870, 1880'''
 
 
 
==== Manufacturer's Schedule  ====
 
 
 
Manufacture census lists: name of corporation, company or individual, name of business, capital invested in real and personal estate, raw materials used, value of fuel, kind of motive power, machinery, structures, resources, average number of hands employed, average wages, annual products, total amount paid in wages, number of months in active operation, greatest number of persons employed at one time, number of workers on full time, 3/4 time, 1/2 time, idle, value of products.
 
 
 
'''Years taken: 1860, 1870,&nbsp;1880'''
 
 
 
==== Social Statistics Schedule&nbsp;  ====
 
 
 
Social statistics census lists: value of estate, annual taxes, number and types of schools, methods of funding, libraries, newpapers, number and type of churches, pauperism, crime, hired labor, amount of public debt, homeless children, inhabitants imprisoned, paupers and indigents, deaf-mutes, blind, insane
 
 
 
'''Years taken: 1860,1870, 1880'''
 
 
 
== &nbsp;State Censuses  ==
 
 
 
Minnesota has state censuses for the years:
 
 
 
'''1865--'''Name, sex, colored, deaf, dumb, blind, soldier in service on June 1, 1865.
 
 
 
'''1875--'''Name, age, sex, color, place of birth, father of foreign birth, mother of foreign birth
 
 
 
'''1885--'''Name, age, sex, color,&nbsp;place of birth, father of foreign birth, mother of foreign birth, whether deaf, dumb, blind, insane or soldier in Civil War
 
 
 
'''1895--'''Name, age, sex, color, place of birth, father of foreign birth, mother of foreign birth, whether deaf, dumb, blind, insane or soldier in Civil War
 
 
 
'''1905--'''Gives same as 1895, plus: street address, place of birth of father, place of birth of mother, service in Civil and Spanish Wars.
 
 
 
Portions of some counties have been indexed, and some are available in published format. Census schedules for some years have been lost for some counties. Microfilms are available at the Minnesota Historical Society and at the Family History Library.
 
 
 
The '''Minnesota Historical Society '''created guides of their collection for the 1865, 1875, 1885, 1895, and 1905 censuses that include a county index, an introduction that lists counties that have no schedule, and a roll content list that has the subdivisions (townships, municipalities) in each county and the order they appear on the roll.
 
 
 
The Minnesota Historical Society’s Genealogical Resources of the Minnesota Historical Society, A Guide has information on all the censuses that pertain to Minnesota. (See the "[[Minnesota Archives and Libraries|Minnesota Archives and Libraries]]" article.)
 
 
 
Some of the early territorial censuses have been published in the ''Minnesota Genealogist ''and the ''Minnesota Genealogical Journal''.
 
 
 
The film numbers for&nbsp;Minnesota State Censuses&nbsp;are also found in:
 
 
 
*''State&nbsp;Census Register: State and County Censuses Located at the&nbsp;Family History Library&nbsp;'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Library, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints,2005&nbsp; (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=1239834&disp=State+census+register++ book 973 X23us&nbsp;Vol. 1-3])<br>
 
 
 
*Jackson, Ronald Vern. ''Michigan 1820 Census Index''. Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1981. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=51329&disp=Mortality+schedule%2C+Michigan+1850%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 977.4 X22m 1820].)
 
*Indexes are available at:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://people.mnhs.org:80/census/search.cfm?bhcp=1 http://people.mnhs.org:80/census/search.cfm?bhcp=1]
 
 
 
== Territorial Census  ==
 
 
 
Portions of present-day Minnesota were included in the 1836 Wisconsin territorial census, as part of Crawford and Dubuque counties. (Dubuque County was later in Iowa Territory.) In 1838, the Wisconsin territorial census covered some of Minnesota in Crawford and Clayton counties. Some Minnesota residents are listed in the 1840 territorial censuses of Wisconsin and Iowa.
 
 
 
In 1849 Minnesota became its own territory.&nbsp; '''Territorial censuses were taken in 1849, 1850, 1853, 1855 and 1857'''. A microfilmed index is at Minnesota Historical Library and available through interlibrary loan. Parts or all of some of these censuses have been lost. Others are at the Minnesota Historical Society Library. The Family History Library has:
 
  
*Minnesota. Census Bureau. ''Schedules of the Minnesota Census of 1857''. National Archives Microfilm Publication, T1175. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1973. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=90983&disp=Schedules+of+the+Minnesota+census+of+185++ microfilms 944283–90].) The 1857 census is arranged alphabetically by county and then by the smaller jurisdiction. It was taken 21 September 1857 and lists each household member and includes name, age, sex, race, birth locality (state, territory, or country), occupation, and if naturalized or native citizen.
+
*United States. Census Office. 11th Census, 1890. ''Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War. ''National Archives Microfilm Publication M123. (On 118 Family History Library microfilms.) The Minnesota returns are available at the Family History Library on Family History Library {{FHL|230777|title-id|disp=microfilms 338181–84}}.
  
According to the article below, some fictional names of people and places of residence were listed in southwestern Minnesota in the 1857 census:
+
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
*Forrest, Robert J. ''Mythical Cities of Southwestern Minnesota''. Minnesota History: A Quarterly Magazine. 14, no. 3 (September 1933): 243–62. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1443061&disp=61%2F2+%28summer+2008%29%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 977.6 H25m; film 965778].)
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Minnesota, [[Minnesota Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].  
  
<br>
+
=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses  ===
  
== Web Sites  ==
+
Minnesota took censuses in different years than the federal censuses. These censuses may have different data compared to federal censuses. Check these censuses for more information on a family.
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Ancestry: [http://ancestry.com/ http://ancestry.com]&nbsp; ($)  
+
*'''1905''' State census.<ref name="Lainh">Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 67-69.</ref><ref name="GenResMNGuide">Minnesota Historical Society, Library and Archives Division, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19520323 Genealogical resources of the Minnesota Historical Society : a guide]'' (St. Paul : Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1989) [[{{GenResMN}}]], 9-13.</ref>
 +
*'''1895''' State census.<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="GenResMNGuide" /> A partial card index exists at the Minnesota Historical Society for Aitkin, Anoka, Becker, Beltrami, and Big Stone counties.<br>
 +
*'''1885''' State census.<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="GenResMNGuide" />
 +
*'''1875''' State census.<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="GenResMNGuide" />
 +
*'''1865''' State census.<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="GenResMNGuide" /> Missing: Aitkin, Anoka, Becker, Benton, Big Stone, Chippewa, Cottonwood, Douglas, Itasca, Kandiyohi, Kittson, Murray, Nobles, Otter Tail, Pipestone, Polk, Pope, Redwood, Renville, Rock, Stevens, Traverse, Wadena, and Wilkin counties.
 +
*'''1857''' Territorial census.<ref name="Lainh" /> Some people and places are fictional.<ref name="GenResMNGuide" /><ref>Robert J. Forrest, "Mythical Cities of Southwestern Minnesota," ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/428652806 Minnesota History: A Quarterly Magazine]'' 14, no. 3 (September 1933): 243–62. [[{{MinnHistQuar}}]].</ref>
 +
*'''1855''' Territorial census.<ref name="Lainh" /> Incomplete.<ref name="GenResMNGuide" />
 +
*'''1853''' Territorial census.<ref name="Lainh" /> Incomplete.<ref name="GenResMNGuide" />
 +
*'''1849''' Territorial census.<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="GenResMNGuide" /><ref>Minnesota, Legislative Assembly, House of Representatives, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/9405021 Journal of the House of Representatives, first session of the Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Minnesota, 1850]'' Appendices C and D, pages 195-215 as cited in Minnesota Historical Society, 10.</ref>
 +
*'''1838''' Territorial census as part of Wisconsin Territory (Crawford and Clayton counties).<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="GenResMNGuide" />
 +
*'''1836''' Territorial census as part of Wisconsin Territory (Crawford and Dubuque counties).<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="GenResMNGuide" />
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
+
Most of the original censuses are located at the Minnesota Historical Society. Some of the early territorial censuses have been published in the ''Minnesota Genealogist ''and the ''Minnesota Genealogical Journal''.  
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Census Online: &nbsp;[http://www.census-online.com/links/MN/ http://www.census-online.com/links/MN/]
+
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/mn/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/mn/census.html]
+
For a list of available and missing Minnesota censuses, [[Minnesota Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Access Genealogy: &nbsp;[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/minnesota.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/minnesota.htm]
+
=== Why use a census?  ===
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; National Archives:&nbsp; [http://www.archives.gov/ http://www.archives.gov/]
+
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Minnesota Historical Society:&nbsp; &nbsp;[http://www.mnhs.org/index.htm http://www.mnhs.org/index.htm]
+
=== More about censuses  ===
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Census Finder:&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://www.censusfinder.com/minnesota.htm http://www.censusfinder.com/minnesota.htm]
+
[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:  
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Roots Web: &nbsp; [http://www.rootsweb.com/~census/states/minnesota/ http://www.rootsweb.com/~census/states/minnesota/]  
+
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
 +
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Mortality Schedules:&nbsp; [http://mortalityschedules.com/ http://mortalityschedules.com/]
+
=== Sources and footnotes  ===
 +
<div style="padding-left: 10px;">
 +
{{reflist}}
 +
</div>
 +
{{Minnesota|Minnesota}} {{USCensus}}
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Family History 101:&nbsp; [http://myminnesotagenealogy.com/index.htm http://myminnesotagenealogy.com/index.htm]
+
'''Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:'''
  
== References  ==
+
*[[Minnesota 1857 Territorial Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
 +
*[[Minnesota 1865 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*[[Minnesota 1875 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
 +
*[[Minnesota 1885 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
 +
*[[Minnesota 1895 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
 +
*[[Minnesota 1905 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
  
''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/search/RG/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=Minnesota.ASP Minnesota Research Outline]''.&nbsp;Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department,&nbsp;1998, 2001.
+
<br>
  
[[Category:Minnesota|Census]]
+
[[Category:Minnesota|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]

Revision as of 06:18, 20 March 2012

United States  go to  U.S. Census  go to  Minnesota  go to  Census

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Minnesota indexes and images

1900-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Minnesota 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
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1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


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images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1870-1895

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Minnesota 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1895 State indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link - -
images Link - - - - Link Link Link - -
partial 1890 indexes - - Link Link - Link Link Link - -
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1885 State indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link - -
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1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


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1870[8] indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


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images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1820-1865

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Minnesota 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1865 State indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link - -
images Link - - - - Link Link Link - -
1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link


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  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910 1870            
1930 1900 and Soundex 1860
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex 1850


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624 1880 T9 and Soundex T756     
1930 T626 1900 T623 and Soundex T1053 1870 M593
1920 T625 and Soundex M1569 1890 fragments M407 / index M496 1860 M653 
  1850 M432  


  • 1900 The schedule for White Earth Indian Reservation follows Yellow Medicine County Census.

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Minnesota, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Minnesota

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans Link - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners Link BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

  • United States. Census Office. 11th Census, 1890. Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War. National Archives Microfilm Publication M123. (On 118 Family History Library microfilms.) The Minnesota returns are available at the Family History Library on Family History Library microfilms 338181–84.

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Minnesota, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

Minnesota took censuses in different years than the federal censuses. These censuses may have different data compared to federal censuses. Check these censuses for more information on a family.

  • 1905 State census.[13][14]
  • 1895 State census.[13][14] A partial card index exists at the Minnesota Historical Society for Aitkin, Anoka, Becker, Beltrami, and Big Stone counties.
  • 1885 State census.[13][14]
  • 1875 State census.[13][14]
  • 1865 State census.[13][14] Missing: Aitkin, Anoka, Becker, Benton, Big Stone, Chippewa, Cottonwood, Douglas, Itasca, Kandiyohi, Kittson, Murray, Nobles, Otter Tail, Pipestone, Polk, Pope, Redwood, Renville, Rock, Stevens, Traverse, Wadena, and Wilkin counties.
  • 1857 Territorial census.[13] Some people and places are fictional.[14][15]
  • 1855 Territorial census.[13] Incomplete.[14]
  • 1853 Territorial census.[13] Incomplete.[14]
  • 1849 Territorial census.[13][14][16]
  • 1838 Territorial census as part of Wisconsin Territory (Crawford and Clayton counties).[13][14]
  • 1836 Territorial census as part of Wisconsin Territory (Crawford and Dubuque counties).[13][14]

Most of the original censuses are located at the Minnesota Historical Society. Some of the early territorial censuses have been published in the Minnesota Genealogist and the Minnesota Genealogical Journal.

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Minnesota censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. The National Archives copy of the 1870 census was destroyed, another version was reconstructed from duplicates preserved by the state. The Family History Library has copies from both the Minnesota Historical Society (Archives and Manuscripts Collections) and the National Archives. A source citation needed here.
  9. The 1850 federal census of Minnesota Territory also included non-Indians living in present-day eastern North Dakota, and eastern South Dakota.
  10. Minnesota was divided between Wisconsin and Iowa Territories in the 1840 federal census.
  11. According to William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987) [FHL Book 973 X2th], 169, "This population [Ft. Snelling] seems not to be in the 1830 census even for the area east of the Mississippi River in Crawford County [Michigan Territory]. According to Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 67, "The 1830 territorial censuses do not seem to include Minnesota."
  12. Ann S. Lainhart claims in State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 67, "The earliest census listing for the area that later became Minnesota are found in the 1820 Michigan territorial census."
  13. 13.00 13.01 13.02 13.03 13.04 13.05 13.06 13.07 13.08 13.09 13.10 Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 67-69.
  14. 14.00 14.01 14.02 14.03 14.04 14.05 14.06 14.07 14.08 14.09 14.10 Minnesota Historical Society, Library and Archives Division, Genealogical resources of the Minnesota Historical Society : a guide (St. Paul : Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1989) [FHL Book 977.6 A3mh 1993], 9-13.
  15. Robert J. Forrest, "Mythical Cities of Southwestern Minnesota," Minnesota History: A Quarterly Magazine 14, no. 3 (September 1933): 243–62. [FHL Book 977.6 H25m; Film 965778].
  16. Minnesota, Legislative Assembly, House of Representatives, Journal of the House of Representatives, first session of the Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Minnesota, 1850 Appendices C and D, pages 195-215 as cited in Minnesota Historical Society, 10.


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