Difference between revisions of "Middlesex Poor Law Unions"

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An Act of Parliament in the year 1834 took the responsibility of administering to the poor from the local parish church to the doorstep of civil government. The government grouped each civil parish into a union of parishes. There were nearly 600 such unions throughout England, each one comprising close to 20 or more parishes, and were specifically setup to meet the demands of the poor among their local populations, with a workhouse on the premises. The responsbility was transferred from local parishes to a Board of Guardians in each union. These groupings or unions were known as poor-law unions. Middlesex had the following poorlaw unions within its boundaries:  
 
An Act of Parliament in the year 1834 took the responsibility of administering to the poor from the local parish church to the doorstep of civil government. The government grouped each civil parish into a union of parishes. There were nearly 600 such unions throughout England, each one comprising close to 20 or more parishes, and were specifically setup to meet the demands of the poor among their local populations, with a workhouse on the premises. The responsbility was transferred from local parishes to a Board of Guardians in each union. These groupings or unions were known as poor-law unions. Middlesex had the following poorlaw unions within its boundaries:  
  
=== The Unions of Middlesex (London) ===
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=== The Unions of Middlesex (London) ===
  
 
*Battersea  
 
*Battersea  
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*Woolwich
 
*Woolwich
  
<br>
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=== The Records ===
 
 
=== The Records ===
 
  
 
Records from the poorlaw unions, which were created from this time forward include the following:  
 
Records from the poorlaw unions, which were created from this time forward include the following:  
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#Vestry Rate Books  
 
#Vestry Rate Books  
 
#Admission and Discharge Registers  
 
#Admission and Discharge Registers  
#Board of Guardians' Records <br>
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#Board of Guardians' Records
 
 
=== Records at The Family History Library ===
 
  
To determine records availability for each poorlaw, search the Family History Library Catalog under the name of the county (Middlesex), and then under the name of the poorlaw union, i.e. Whitechapel; then search under the term[s] "poorlaw" or "poorhouses".<br>
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=== Online Transcriptions Relating to Poorlaw Records  ===
  
=== Online Transcriptions Relating to Poorlaw Unions ===
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1) For more information on the history of the workhouse, see Peter Higginbotham's web site: [http://workhouses.org.uk/ workhouses.org.uk], [http://www.workhouses.org.uk/index.html?England/UnionsEngland.shtml a website] providing history and a few online records
  
[http://search.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=1557 London Poorlaw Union Records 1834-1940]
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2) Here's [http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/Paupers/ a general website] providing data on approximately&nbsp;10 percent of Yorkshire's poor
  
[http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/Paupers/ Some London Poor in the 1861 Census ](approx. 10%)
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{{Place|Middlesex|Poor Law Unions}} {{Poor Law}}

Revision as of 02:59, 21 May 2011

An Act of Parliament in the year 1834 took the responsibility of administering to the poor from the local parish church to the doorstep of civil government. The government grouped each civil parish into a union of parishes. There were nearly 600 such unions throughout England, each one comprising close to 20 or more parishes, and were specifically setup to meet the demands of the poor among their local populations, with a workhouse on the premises. The responsbility was transferred from local parishes to a Board of Guardians in each union. These groupings or unions were known as poor-law unions. Middlesex had the following poorlaw unions within its boundaries:

The Unions of Middlesex (London)

  • Battersea
  • Bermondsey
  • Brentford
  • Bethnal Green
  • Camberwell
  • Chelsea
  • Clapham
  • Clerkenwell
  • Edmonton
  • Fulham
  • Greenwich
  • Hackney
  • Hammersmith
  • Hampstead
  • Hendon
  • Holborn
  • Islington
  • Kensington
  • Lambeth
  • Lewisham
  • Marylebone
  • Mile End
  • Paddington
  • Poplar
  • St George (Hanover Square)
  • St George in the East
  • St Olave
  • St Pancras
  • St Saviour's
  • Shoreditch
  • Southwark
  • Stepney
  • Staines
  • Strand
  • Uxbridge
  • Wandsworth
  • Westminster
  • Whitechapel
  • Willesden
  • Woolwich

The Records

Records from the poorlaw unions, which were created from this time forward include the following:

  1. Guardianship
  2. Creed Registers
  3. Rate books
  4. Workhouse Lists of Inmates
  5. Register of Apprentices
  6. Register of Births
  7. Register of Deaths
  8. Vestry Rate Books
  9. Admission and Discharge Registers
  10. Board of Guardians' Records

Online Transcriptions Relating to Poorlaw Records

1) For more information on the history of the workhouse, see Peter Higginbotham's web site: workhouses.org.uk, a website providing history and a few online records

2) Here's a general website providing data on approximately 10 percent of Yorkshire's poor