Middlesex County, Massachusetts Genealogy

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Online Records

Middlesex County, Massachusetts
Map of Massachusetts highlighting Middlesex County
Location in the state of Massachusetts
Map of the U.S. highlighting Massachusetts
Location of Massachusetts in the U.S.
Founded 1643, May 10
County Seat East Cambidge
Address Middlesex County Courthouse
208 Cambridge Street East
East Cambridge, Ma 02141
Phone: 617-494-4533
Middlesex County Website

County Courthouse

City Clerks has birth records 1632-1745
marrige records 1651-1793, death records 165-1689;
Divorce records from 1888 and court records from 1755
Register of Deeds 360 Gorham Street Lowell, Ma 01852 has land
records from southern District for Northern District from 1855[1]

League of Women Voters of Massachusetts-Counties

  • In 1997, the county governments of Middlesex, Berkshire, Essex, Hampden and Worcester were abolished.
  • Their functions were turned over to state agencies.
  • Sheriffs in these counties still administer jails but their employees are state employees.
  • The legislation to abolish these county governments transferred Registeries of Deeds to the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Commonwealth.
  • Bristol, Dukes, Nantucket, Norfolk, Plymouth and Suffolk county governments remain substantially unchanged.

Quick Facts

Template:Adoption RootsWorks Research
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Middlesex County, Massachusetts

The county was created by the Massachusetts General Court on May 10, 1643, when it was ordered "that the whole plantation within this jurisdiction be divided into four sheires". Middlesex initially contained Charlestown, Cambridge, Watertown, Sudbury, Concord, Woburn, Medford, and Reading.

Parent County

10 May 1643: Created from the Massachusetts Bay Colony lands.[2]

Boundary Changes

5 April 1731: Worcester County was set off.

Record Loss

Places / Localities

Cities:  Cambridge | Everett | Lowell | Malden | Marlborough | Medford | Melrose | Newton | Somerville | Waltham | Watertown | Woburn

Towns:  Acton | Arlington | Ashby | Ashland | Ayer | Bedford | Belmont | Billerica | Boxborough | Burlington | Carlisle | Chelmsford | Concord | Dracut | Dunstable | Framingham | Groton | Holliston | Hopkinton | Hudson | Lexington | Lincoln | Littleton | Maynard | Natick | North Reading | Pepperell | Reading | Sherborn | Shirley | Stoneham | Stow | Sudbury | Tewksbury | Townsend | Tyngsborough | Wakefield | Wayland | Westford | Weston | Wilmington | Winchester

Ceded Towns:  Brighton | Charlestown | Litchfield | Nottingham[3]

Villages:  Auburndale | Chestnut Hill | Cochituate | Fort Devens | East Pepperell | Gleasondale | Littleton Common | Newton Centre | Newton Highlands | Newton Lower Falls | Newton Upper Falls | Newtonville | Nonantum | North Billerica | North Chelmsford | Pinehurst | Waban | West Concord West Newton

Neighboring Counties

Essex | Norfolk | Suffolk | Worcester | New Hampshire County | Hillsborough


Archives and Libraries


Refer to the cities and towns above for the cemeteries. There are no "rural" cemeteries in Massachusetts.



Searchable census records:











1890 Veterans





State Census


  • please refers to cities and towns, too

Massachusetts 1855 State Census A free Internet index and images to the 1855 Massachusetts State Census can be viewed on the Historical Records Search. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1855, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.


Massachusetts 1865 State Census A free Internet index and images to the 1865 Massachusetts State Census can be viewed on the FamilySearch Historical Records Search. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1865, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.

Church Records

Refer to Cities and Towns for the church history and records. There are no "rural" churches in Massachusetts.

Court Records


Land and Property



Military Records


Newspaperarchive.com ($) has historical newspapers available on-line. Their database has Boston newspapers (early 1900's), The Lowell Sun (1878-1977), Fitchburg newspapers (1868-1977), and Portsmouth,NH newspapers (1898-2007) covering local news that included residents from Middlesex County communities.

Cambridge Public Library's Historic Cambrige Newspaper Collection courtesy of the Cambridge Public Library includes the following newspapers:

  • Cambridge Chronicle (1846-1923
  • The Cambridge Press (1887-1889)
  • The Cambridge Sentinel (1903-1912)
  • The Cambridge Tribune (1887-1923)

Probate Records


Vital Records

Societies, Libraries and Museums

Family history Centers



  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 330. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists, 181.
  3. Michael J. Leclerc, Genealogist's Handbook for New England Research, 5th ed. (Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2012), 224-26. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974 D27g 2012.