Michigan in the Civil War

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United States   Gotoarrow.png   U.S. Military   Gotoarrow.png   Michigan   Gotoarrow.png   Michigan Military   Gotoarrow.png   Michigan in the Civil War


Civil War Monument in Detroit, Michigan, 1888

Introduction

Michigan raised more than 90,000 men for the Union. The Michigan regiments included 34 infantry regiments, 11 cavalry regiments, one sharpshooter regiment, one engineer regiment, many smaller independent units, and about 600 men in the Union Navy, [1]

"14,753 Michigan soldiers died in service, roughly 1 of every 6 who served. 4,448 of these deaths were combat deaths while the majority, over 9000, were from disease..."[1]

Michigan Military Units

Most units were numbered, however, some were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and other units.

The information in the lists of Michigan Military Units comes from the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors web site. That web site also can be searched by the name of a soldier.


Michigan Units by Number or by Name
Union Units
1st-9th
10th-30th
A to Z




Michigan Units by Type of Unit
Union Units
Infantry
Cavalry
Artillery
Unassign- ed Units
Colored Troops
Other





Records and Resources

An index to service and pension records is on film at the Family History Library and at the National Archives. The service and pension files have not been filmed and are only available at the National Archives.

Civil War Pension Index Cards - A free Internet index to pension applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch Record Search. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. Other wars, of that time period, may be included.

Brief service records of Michigan soldiers have been published in:

Record of Service of Michigan Volunteers in the Civil War, 1861–1865. 46 vols. Kalamazoo, Michigan: Ihling Bros. & Everard, 1905. (Family History Library book 977.4 M2r; on 4 films.) For an index of names listed in these volumes use:

Alphabetical General Index to Public Library Sets of 85,271 Names of Michigan Soldiers and Sailors Individual Records. Lansing, Michigan: Michigan Secretary of State, 1915. (Family History Library book 977.4 M2a; film 915948.)

The Family History Library has:

Michigan. Adjutant General's Office. Records of Michigan Volunteers Mustered into the Service of the United States, 1861–1866. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. (On 7 Family History Library films.) Includes index. Lists name, rank, enlistment date and place, and residence. The records are also at the Michigan State Archives.

The library also has 50 volumes of:

Michigan. Adjutant General's Office. Michigan Volunteers Descriptive Rolls, 1861–1866; Index to Michigan Volunteers, 1861–1865. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1972. (On 16 Family History Library films.) Indexes are on films 915346–47. Lists name, rank, enlistment date and place, physical description, and service record. Lists death date and place for some individuals.

A register of commissioned officers is given in:

Robertson, John. Michigan in the War, Revised. Lansing, Michigan: W.S. George, 1882. (Family History Library book 977.4 M25a; film 1015816 item 1, and 982366 item 3; 1880 edition on film 1294017.) Alphabetical lists show officer's residence, enlistment date, regiment, promotions, and date mustered out.

After the Civil War, the Grand Army of the Republic Union veterans organization was formed. For 50 volumes of their records, see:

Grand Army of the Republic. Department of Michigan.. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973, 1991. (On 90 Family History Library films.) Indexed. Shows name, age, birth state, residence, occupation, service dates, and discharge cause.

Regimental Lists. See a list of regiments and links to their histories. 

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Michigan in the American Civil War, a Wikipedia article, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michigan_in_the_American_Civil_War (viewed 22 February 2011).