Difference between revisions of "Mexican War, 1846 to 1848"

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
m (National Archives)
m (Text replacement - "https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps" to "https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?from=fhd&dps")
 
(8 intermediate revisions by 2 users not shown)
Line 16: Line 16:
 
=== National Archives ===
 
=== National Archives ===
 
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/10496479 War Department. Army of the West, 1846-1847. NARA Administrative History Note]
 
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/10496479 War Department. Army of the West, 1846-1847. NARA Administrative History Note]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Mexican_War,_1846_to_1848&action=edit&section=2 War department. Army of Occupation, 4.13.1845-1848.]
+
*[https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Mexican_War,_1846_to_1848&action=edit&section=2 War Department. Army of Occupation, 4.13.1845-1848.]
  
 
=== Related Sources ===
 
=== Related Sources ===
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1979390|United States Mexican War Pension Index, 1887-1926}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 
*[https://archive.org/stream/militarypolicyof00upto#page/n1/mode/2up Emory Upton. The Military Policy of the United States During the Mexican War]
 
*[https://archive.org/stream/militarypolicyof00upto#page/n1/mode/2up Emory Upton. The Military Policy of the United States During the Mexican War]
 
*[https://archive.org/details/militaryforcesem00unit Military Forces Employed in the Mexican War]  
 
*[https://archive.org/details/militaryforcesem00unit Military Forces Employed in the Mexican War]  
Line 152: Line 153:
 
''[https://fch.ldschurch.org/WWSupport/Courses/FamilyHistoryLibraryExport/U.S._Military_Records__Pre-WWI_Pension_Application/Player.html Military Records: Pre-WWI Pension Applications]'' (16 minute online video) [https://www.familysearch.org/ask/landing?search=Getting%20Started&show=lessons&message=true FamilySearch Research Classes Online], 2010.
 
''[https://fch.ldschurch.org/WWSupport/Courses/FamilyHistoryLibraryExport/U.S._Military_Records__Pre-WWI_Pension_Application/Player.html Military Records: Pre-WWI Pension Applications]'' (16 minute online video) [https://www.familysearch.org/ask/landing?search=Getting%20Started&show=lessons&message=true FamilySearch Research Classes Online], 2010.
  
*Norman E.Tutorow. comp.and ed. ''The Mexican-American War. an annotated bibliography.'' Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1981
+
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/425635?availability=Family%20History%20Library Norman E.Tutorow. comp.and ed. ''The Mexican-American War. an annotated bibliography.'' Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1981. FHL 973 H23tu]
*Elizabeth R. Snoke. ''The Mexican War. a bibliography of MHRC holdings for the period 1835-1850.'' Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania: {s.n.], 1973
+
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/258493?availability=Family%20History%20Library Elizabeth R. Snoke. ''The Mexican War. a bibliography of MHRC holdings for the period 1835-1850.'' Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania: {s.n.], 1973. FHL 973 B4ua no. 7]
*Mark Crawford,David S. Heidler, Jeanne T. Heidler. ''Encyclopedia of the Mexican War.'' Santa Barbara, California: ABC-Clio, 1999
+
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/957374?availability=Family%20History%20Library Mark Crawford, David S. Heidler, Jeanne T. Heidler. ''Encyclopedia of the Mexican War.'' Santa Barbara, California: ABC-Clio, 1999. FHL 973 H26ce]
*Steven R. Butler. ''How to Find Your Mexican War Ancestor.''Richardson, Texas : Descendants of Mexican War Veterans, c1994
+
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/712164?availability=Family%20History%20Library Steven R. Butler. ''How to Find Your Mexican War Ancestor.''Richardson, Texas : Descendants of Mexican War Veterans, c1994. FHL 973 M27bu 1994]
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles ==
Line 183: Line 184:
 
*[https://archive.org/details/waritswarriorsco00fros Frost,John. The War and its Warriors;comprising a complete history of  aa the operations of the American armies in Mexico:with biographihcal sketches and anecdotes of the most distinguished officers in the regular army and the volunteer force. Philadelphia:Hogan & Thompson, 1848]  
 
*[https://archive.org/details/waritswarriorsco00fros Frost,John. The War and its Warriors;comprising a complete history of  aa the operations of the American armies in Mexico:with biographihcal sketches and anecdotes of the most distinguished officers in the regular army and the volunteer force. Philadelphia:Hogan & Thompson, 1848]  
  
*[https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE5223342&from=fhd Manfield, Edward D. The Mexican war, a history of its origin : and a detailed account of the victories which terminated in the surrender of the capital; with the official despatches of the generals; to which is added, the treaty of peace, and valuable tables of the strength and losses of the United States Army. New York : A.S. Barnes & Co. ; Cincinnati : H.W. Derby & Co., 1849]
+
*[https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?from=fhd&dps_pid=IE5223342&from=fhd Manfield, Edward D. The Mexican war, a history of its origin : and a detailed account of the victories which terminated in the surrender of the capital; with the official despatches of the generals; to which is added, the treaty of peace, and valuable tables of the strength and losses of the United States Army. New York : A.S. Barnes & Co. ; Cincinnati : H.W. Derby & Co., 1849]
 
*[https://ia800309.us.archive.org/13/items/completehistoryo00newy/completehistoryo00newy.pdf Eye-Witness. Complete History of the Mexican War. New York: F.J. Dow & Co., 1850]   
 
*[https://ia800309.us.archive.org/13/items/completehistoryo00newy/completehistoryo00newy.pdf Eye-Witness. Complete History of the Mexican War. New York: F.J. Dow & Co., 1850]   
  
Line 191: Line 192:
 
*[https://archive.org/details/MarinesInTheMexicanWar Santelli,Gabrielle M. Neufeld. Marines in the Mexican War. Washington,D.C.: History and Museums Division. Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps]  
 
*[https://archive.org/details/MarinesInTheMexicanWar Santelli,Gabrielle M. Neufeld. Marines in the Mexican War. Washington,D.C.: History and Museums Division. Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps]  
  
*[https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE591840&from=fhd Smith,Justin. The War War with Mexico. 2 vols. New York: Macmillian Co., 1919]   
+
*[https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?from=fhd&dps_pid=IE591840&from=fhd Smith,Justin. The War War with Mexico. 2 vols. New York: Macmillian Co., 1919]   
  
 
*[https://archive.org/details/cu31924020403410 Wilcox, Cadmus. History of the Mexican War. Washington,D.C.: Church News Publishing Co., 1892]   
 
*[https://archive.org/details/cu31924020403410 Wilcox, Cadmus. History of the Mexican War. Washington,D.C.: Church News Publishing Co., 1892]   

Latest revision as of 16:31, 14 February 2019

Beginner's Corner
Topics
Records
Other Nations
News and Events
United States
U.S. Military
Mexican War

Introduction

The Mexican War (also known as the Mexican-American War, the First American Intervention, and the U.S.–Mexican War) resulted from the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845. Thirty-five thousand U.S. Army troops and 73,000 state volunteers fought in this war. Most volunteer regiments were from southern states, such as Louisiana, Tennessee, Missouri, and Texas. The war took place from April 25,1846 to February 2, 1848.

War with Mexico was declared on May 13, 1846. However, units of soldiers were organized in Texas in the fall of 1845. Volunteer units were organized from Alabama, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland and the District of Columbia, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania,South Carolina, Tennessee,Texas and Virginia. One unit was composed of Indians and one of members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints-the Mormon Battalion. Regular Army units included the 1st Regiment of Dragoons, 2nd Regiment of Dragoons, 3rd Regiment of Dragoons, Regiment of Mounted Riflemen, 1st Regiment of Artillery, 2nd Regiment of Artillery, 3rd Regiment of Artillery, 4th Regiment of Artillery,1st through 16th Regiments of Infantry, Regiment of Voltigeurs and Foot Riflemen.

National Archives

Related Sources

Chronology of Major Events

25 Apr 1846 U.S. and Mexican forces clashed at the Nueces River. The small American forces were defeated.
13 May 1846
U.S. Congress declared war on Mexico.
8 May 1846 The battle of Palo Alto occurred about eight miles northeast of Brownsville, Texas. U.S. forces, led by Major General Zachary Taylor, were victorious.
9 May 1846 Taylor's forces defeated the Mexican Army in Cameron County, near Brownville, Texas.
22 Feb1847 U.S. forces successfully defended possession of a narrow mountain pass near Buena Vista, in northeastern Mexico.
17 Apr 1847 The Mexican Army under the leadership of Santa Ana, lost possession of a mountain pass, Cerro Gordo, near Jalapa,Mexico.
20 Aug 1847 American forces overtook the village of Churubusco, six miles south of Mexico City.
12 Sep 1847 General Scott led a successful attack against Chapultepec, a fortified hill guarding the gates of Mexico City.
14 Sep 1847 American troops entered Mexico City.
2 Feb 1848 The peace treaty was signed. Mexico gave the territories of California, New Mexico, and the Rio Grande region to the United States.

Statistical Summary - number of troops who served

Type of Troops Number
Regular Army 30,954
Volunteers 73,776
Navy 7,500
Total Troops 112,230

The U.S. Department of Defense estimated the total number serving as 78,718. (2)

Statistical Summary - Casulaties

Type of Casulties Number
Battle Deaths 1,733
Other Deaths 11,550
Wounds 4,152

States and Territories

States and Territories that existed during the war.

Additional State Records

The Mexican War was fought before these states existed, however, these states have information specific to their area on individuals that served in the war.

Research Tools

Military Records: Pre-WWI Pension Applications (16 minute online video) FamilySearch Research Classes Online, 2010.

Related Wiki Articles

Websites


Additional Sources for Further Reading

  • Brooks, Nathan. A complete history of the Mexican War : its causes, conduct, and consequences ; comprising an account of the various military and naval operations, from its commencement to the treaty of peace ... (1849)
  • Merk, Frederick. History of the Westward Movement. (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1980). Chapter 39. FHL book 973 H2me.
  • Weems, John Edward. To Conquer a Peace: The War Between the United States and Mexico. (Garden City, New York: Doubleday and Company, Inc. 1974).