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Mercer County, Pennsylvania Genealogy

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Guide to Mercer County, Pennsylvania ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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County Facts
County seat: Mercer
Organized: March 12, 1800
Parent County(s): Allegheny[1]
Neighboring Counties
Crawford  • Trumbull (OH)  • Butler  • Lawrence  • Venango
See County Maps
Courthouse
Mercer County, Pennsylvania Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
Mercer County PA Map.png
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county is located in the Northwestern area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Mercer Courthouse
112 Mercer County Courthouse
Mercer, PA 16137-1284
Phone: 724-662-3800 ext. 2248
Clerk of Courts Phone:724-662-7548
Prothonotary Phone: 724–662-7561 Email: rbice@mcc.co.mercer.pa.us
Register of Wills & Orphans' Court Phone:724-662-3800 ext. 2248 Email: kkloos@mcc.co.mercer.pa.us
Mercer County Recorder's Office Phone: 724-662-3800
Mercer County Website

Records available: Births, 1893-1905, Marriages, 1885-present, Wills and probate, 1800-present, Land, 1800-present.

Mercer County, Pennsylvania Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1893 1885 1893 1804 1803 1800 1790
Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1906. General compliance by 1915.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1866 The First Mercer County Courthouse, built in 1807, was destroyed by fire in February 25, 1866.All records were saved from the fire.[4][5]

1907 The Second Mercer County Courthouse, built in 1866, was destroyed by fire in December 15, 1907.All records, except for some early tax records, were saved from the fire.[6][5]

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

20 March 1849: Lawrence County set off. Mahoning, Neshannock and Slippery Rock Townships, along with a small portion of Shenango and Lackawannock Townships became part of Lawrence County.This area included the town of New Castle.[9]

For animated maps illustrating Pennsylvania county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Pennsylvania County Boundary Maps" (1673-1878) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

The following are locations in Mercer County, Pennsylvania:

Farrell | Fredonia | Greenville | Grove City | Hermitage (Hickory Township) | Jamestown | Mercer | Milledgeville | Orangeville | Sandy Lake | Sharpsville | Sharon | Sheakleyville | Stoneboro | Transfer | West Middlesex | Wheatland

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Mercer County, Pennsylvania online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Pennsylvania Cemeteries for more information

 

Additional Cemetery Resources

Census Records[edit | edit source]

For links and tips on using Federal (or United States) census records online for Mercer County, see: Pennsylvania Census.


Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. For members, they may contain: age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage date and maiden name; death/burial date. For general information about Pennsylvania denominations, see Pennsylvania Church Records. County-wide Database – Multi-denominational

Mercer County Pennsylvania Churches
Contains the church records of:
  • Greenville: Zion Reformed Church of Christ


Baptist
The first Baptist congregation in Mercer County was established in Sharon in 1804. in Sheakleyville another congregation formed, known as Georgetown Baptist Church, in 1831. The Greenville Baptist church was organized in 1857. Other congregations formed in Stoneboro, Sharpsville, and Jamestown. [10]

Catholic
The Catholics first organized in Mercer in 1838 and called their congregation All Saints. Other early churches were St. Michael's (Greenville, 1838), Sacred Heart (Sharon, 1859), with congregations in other communities also. [11]

  • 1843-1948. "100 years of the Pittsburgh Catholic Diocese 1843 -1943". Western Pennsylvania Genealogical Society Quarterly, 17:1. FamilySearch Library book 974.8 B2wg. Contains chronology, map, county-by-county information.

Episcopal
Also known as the Reformed Church, this sect was officially organized in Greenville in 1861, and known as St. Clements. Another congregation formed in Sharpsville in 1887.

A Protestant Episcopalian congregation formed in Sharon in 1866 and was called St. John's.

Lutheran
Many early settler of German descent worshiped in the Lutheran church. Congregations formed as early as 1826 in Greenville, and 1844 in New Lebanon. [12]

  • 1730-1779. Records of Rev. John Casper Stoever, Baptismal and Marriage, 1730-1779. Baptisms and marriages took place in Mercer County, Pennsylvania and in Spotsylvania, Virginia. Digital version: Internet Archive and PAGenWeb.

Methodist Episcopal
Circuit riders for the Methodist Episcopal faith established a congregation in Sharon as early as 1797. The group passed through several different conferences through the years and built its first log chapel, then a frame chapel built in 1842. For a list of early preachers and congregants see White's history. [13] Other congregations were in Salem (pre-1823), Clarksville (1820), Greenville (1828), Grove City (1840), and Sheakleyville (1841), among others.

Presbyterian
Several sects of Presbyterais existed in Mercer County including the Presbyterains, the United Presbyterians and the Reformed Presbyterians. Early circuit riders established Prebyterian congregations in Ten-Milers (1799), Neshannock (1800), and Hopewell (1899). The first building was constructed in Cool Springs in 1800 and served Cool Springs, Fairview, Jackson and Lake townships. [14] Other early congregations were in Sheakleyville (1799, also known as Upper Sandy or Georgetown Presbyterian church), Salem (1800), Morefield (1802, Sharon), Mercer (1804), Greenville (1824) and other congregations in later years. See White's history for some lists of members and other congregation information.


United Presbyterian Church, Springfield Township

United Brethren
United Brethren congregations formed in New Lebanon (1862) and Sharpsville (1866).

Court Records[edit | edit source]

For information about records kept in the Orphan's court, Prothonotary Court, Court of Common Pleas, and other courts in counties of Pennsylvania, visit the Pennsylvania Court Records Wiki page.

Prothonotary
The Prothonotary Office is located with the Government Offices of the county.

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

For online resources, passenger lists, and specific groups coming to Pennsylvania, see Pennsylvania Emigration and Immigration.

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

For groups that came, see People section of the Pennsylvania Emigration page.

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

The Orphan's Court ensures the best interests of those not capable of handling their own affairs: minors, incapacitated persons, decedents' estates, and more.[16] Orphans

  • Register of Wills and Clerk of Orphans' Court
    112 Mercer County Courthouse
    Mercer, PA 16137
    Phone: 724-662-3800, ext. 2248
    Website

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a specific location and reveal family relationships. Records include: deeds, abstracts, indexes, mortgages, leases, grants, sheriff sales, land patents, maps and more. For more information, see Pennsylvania Land and Property.

Land records in Mercer County began in 1800. These records are filed with the Recorder of Deeds office in Mercer, Pennsylvania. The Recorder of Deeds offers an online search of land records. Guest users can view the index (unspecified date range) for free but fees apply for viewing images (1986–present).

Online Land Indexes and Records

  • 1787 -1828 Deeds and Index. FHL film 878951 - images only; click on the camera icon to view images; The earlier land records for what would become Mercer County are for the most part in Allegheny County.
  • 1803-1919 Deed Books, 1803-1886; Index to Deeds, 1803-1919. FHL film 878941 (first of 70 films) - images only; click on the camera icon to view images
  • 1804 -1971 Mortgage Index. FHL film 889538 (first of 17 films) - images only; click on the camera icon to view images

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Crawford CountyVenango CountyButler CountyLawrence CountyAshtabula CountyTrumbull CountyMahoning CountyPA MERCER.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Maps

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Naturalization records can contain information about immigration and nativity. Prior to 1906, it is rare to find the town of origin in naturalization records. For more information, see Pennsylvania Naturalization

Naturalization records for Mercer County, Pennsylvania include the following:

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Newspapers may contain obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings. Newspapers are often found in local or university libraries, historical or genealogical societies, or state archives in the area where the newspaper was published. See Pennsylvania Newspapers for more information.

Newspapers of Mercer County

Online Newspapers

To learn if there are newspapers online for a specific town or city in Pennsylvania, see news.google.com/newspapers and search for the town or the name of a newspaper.

Online Newspaper Abstracts

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Obituaries are generally found in local newspapers where the person died or where family members lived. Local libraries or societies may have indexes or other sources.

The Mercer County Genealogical Society has an online obituary index. You may order copies of obituaries from the Mercer.

Online Obituary Abstracts

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate matters in Mercer County are handled by the Orphans' Court and start when the county was created.

In addition to wills and administrations, the Orphans' Court also handles: audits of accounts of executors, administrators, trustees, and guardians; distribution of estates; appointments of guardians; adoptions; appeals from the Register of Wills; inheritance tax appeals, and various petitions and motions.

Online Probate and Indexes Records


School Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records are handled by the County Orphans' Court. Between the years 1852-1855 Pennsylvania made a failed attempt to record birth, marriage and death events at the county level. County marriage records were kept in earnest in 1885. Births and deaths, at the county level, were begun in 1893 and kept through 1905. For the most complete set of records, contact the County Orphans' Court.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Early births 1893–1905 are located at the County Orphans' Court. For more information, see Pennsylvania Vital Records.

  • 1726-1950 Pennsylvania Births and Christenings, 1709-1950 This index is an electronic index for the years 1726 to 1930. It is not necessarily intended to index any specific set of records. This index is not complete for any particular place or region. This collection may include information previously published in the International Genealogical Index or Vital Records Index collections.
  • 1852-1854 Pennsylvania Births Ancestry $

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Pennsylvania marriages were created by county officals. Contact Mercer County Courthouse

Death[edit | edit source]

Early deaths 1893–1905 are located at the County Orphans' Court. For indexes and records, 1906 and later, see Pennsylvania Vital Records.

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Divorce records are available through the office of the Prothonotary.

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

  • National Archives at Philadelphia
    14700 Townsend Road
    Philadelphia, PA 19154-1096
    Phone: 215-305-2044
    Fax: 215-305-2052
    Website


Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

  • Monongahela Area Library The Monongahela Area Library is an affiliate of the Family History Library, located in Salt Lake City, Utah.

Libraries[edit | edit source]

  • Greenville Area Public Library
    330 Main St.
    Greenville, PA 16125-2615
    Phone: 724-588-5490
  • Grove City Community Library
    125 West Main Street
    Grove City, PA 16127
    Phone: 724-458-7320
  • Mercer Area Library
    145 N. Pitt St.
    Mercer, PA 16137-1206
    Phone: 724-662-4233
  • Shenango Valley Community Library
    11 N. Sharpsville Ave.
    Sharon, PA 16146
    Phone: 724-981-4360

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

  • Mercer County Genealogical Society
    P.O. Box 812
    Sharon, PA 16146-0812
    Phone: 724–346-5117
    E–mail: mcgenealogy@live.com
    Collection includes cemetery books, histories, city directories, birth and death records 1893 -1905, marriage records 1885–1946, newspapers, newspaper abstracts of birth, marriage and deaths (indexed). Online obituary index
    Website
  • Mercer County Historical Society
    119 South Pitt St.
    Mercer, PA 16137-1211
    Phone: 724–662-3490
    E–mail: info@mchspa.org
    Collection includes family histories and research files, published histories of Mercer County, Civil War Regimental histories, city and county directories, newspapers. The society will do research for a fee. Requests must be sent by mail, not email.
    Website
  • Grove City Area Historical Society
    P.O. Box 764
    Grove City, PA 16127
    Website
  • The Hermitage Historical Society
    5465 E. State Street
    Hermitage, PA 16148
    Phone: 724-347-0419
  • Greenville Historical Society
    94 College Ave.
    Greenville, PA 16125
    Phone: 724–588-7150
  • Jamestown Area Historical Society
    405 Summit St.
    Jamestown, PA 16134-9153
    Phone: 724–932-5997
  • Stoneboro Community and Historical Society
    Lake St.
    Stoneboro, PA 16153
    Phone: 724–376-4190

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Pennsylvania.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mercer_County,_Pennsylvania accessed 2/12/2017
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Pennsylvania.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. gendisasters.com Mercer, PA Mercer County Courthouse Fire, Feb 1866 http://www3.gendisasters.com/pennsylvania/17330/mercer-pa-mercer-county-courthouse-fire-feb-1866
  5. 5.0 5.1 History of the Mercer County Courthouse http://www.mcc.co.mercer.pa.us/history/courthouse.htm
  6. gendisasters.com Mercer, PA Mercer County Courthouse Fire, Dec 1907 http://www3.gendisasters.com/pennsylvania/17331/mercer-pa-mercer-county-courthouse-fire-dec-1907
  7. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Pennsylvania.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  8. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Pennsylvania.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  9. Mercer County 1840 Map showing portion ceded to Lawrence County in 1849 http://sites.rootsweb.com/~pamercer/PA/PL/Maps/1840map.htm Mercer County PAGenWeb site
  10. John G. White, A Twentieth Century History of Mercer County, Pennsylvania : a Narrative Account of its Historical Progress, its People, and its Principal Interests. (Salt Lake City : Digitized by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2011, Originally published: Chicago : Lewis Publishing Company, 1909), 274-278.FamilySearch Digital Library Free online digital copy.
  11. John G. White, A Twentieth Century History of Mercer County, Pennsylvania : a Narrative Account of its Historical Progress, its People, and its Principal Interests. (Salt Lake City : Digitized by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2011, Originally published: Chicago : Lewis Publishing Company, 1909), 267-277.FamilySearch Digital Library Free online digital copy.
  12. John G. White, A Twentieth Century History of Mercer County, Pennsylvania : a Narrative Account of its Historical Progress, its People, and its Principal Interests. (Salt Lake City : Digitized by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2011, Originally published: Chicago : Lewis Publishing Company, 1909), 278-279.FamilySearch Digital Library Free online digital copy.
  13. John G. White, A Twentieth Century History of Mercer County, Pennsylvania : a Narrative Account of its Historical Progress, its People, and its Principal Interests. (Salt Lake City : Digitized by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2011, Originally published: Chicago : Lewis Publishing Company, 1909), 255-258. FamilySearch Digital Library Free online digital copy.
  14. John G. White, A Twentieth Century History of Mercer County, Pennsylvania : a Narrative Account of its Historical Progress, its People, and its Principal Interests. (Salt Lake City : Digitized by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2011; Originally published: Chicago : Lewis Publishing Company, 1909), 234. FamilySearch Digital Library Free online digital copy.
  15. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/1/10/Igipennsylvaniall.pdf.
  16. The Philadelphia Courts at Common Pleas accessed 10 July 2012
  17. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/1/10/Igipennsylvaniall.pdf.

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