Difference between revisions of "Massachusetts in the Civil War"

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=== Introduction  ===
 
=== Introduction  ===
  
Massachusetts&nbsp;had a major influence on the&nbsp;antislavery movement.&nbsp;A total of 159,165 Massachusetts&nbsp;men served in the Union&nbsp;forces, 133,002&nbsp;in the Union army and 26,163 in the navy. The army units raised consisted of 62 regiments of infantry,&nbsp;6 regiments of cavalry, 16 batteries of light artillery,&nbsp;4 regiments of heavy artillery,&nbsp;2 companies of sharpshooters, a&nbsp;few unattached battalions and 26 unattached companies. The 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry was&nbsp;the first regiment of African American soldiers. <ref name="wikipedia">- Wikipedia.org, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massachusetts_in_the_American_Civil_War Massachusetts in the American Civil War] (accessed 7 February 2011).</ref>
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Massachusetts&nbsp;had a major influence on the&nbsp;antislavery movement.&nbsp;A total of 159,165 Massachusetts&nbsp;men served in the Union&nbsp;forces, 133,002&nbsp;in the Union army and 26,163 in the navy. The army units raised consisted of 62 regiments of infantry,&nbsp;6 regiments of cavalry, 16 batteries of light artillery,&nbsp;4 regiments of heavy artillery,&nbsp;2 companies of sharpshooters, a&nbsp;few unattached battalions and 26 unattached companies. The 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry was&nbsp;the first regiment of African American soldiers. <ref name="wikipedia">- Wikipedia.org, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massachusetts_in_the_American_Civil_War Massachusetts in the American Civil War] (accessed 7 February 2011).</ref>  
  
 
=== Massachusetts Military Units  ===
 
=== Massachusetts Military Units  ===
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<br>The information in the lists of Massachusetts Military Units comes from the [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors] web site. This web site can also be searched by the name of a soldier. <br>
 
<br>The information in the lists of Massachusetts Military Units comes from the [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors] web site. This web site can also be searched by the name of a soldier. <br>
<center>'''Massachusetts Units by Number or by Name'''</center><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; color: black; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">'''''Union Units'''''</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[Massachusetts Civil War Union Units 1st through 8th|1st-8th]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[Massachusetts Civil War Union Units 9th through 22nd|9th-22nd]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[Massachusetts Civil War Union Units 23rd through 62nd|23rd-62nd]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[Massachusetts Civil War Union Units A to Z|A to Z]]</div>
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<center>'''Massachusetts Units by Number or by Name'''</center><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px">'''''Union Units'''''</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Massachusetts Civil War Union Units 1st through 8th|1st-8th]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Massachusetts Civil War Union Units 9th through 22nd|9th-22nd]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Massachusetts Civil War Union Units 23rd through 62nd|23rd-62nd]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Massachusetts Civil War Union Units A to Z|A to Z]]</div>
 
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<center>'''Massachusetts Units by Type of Unit'''</center><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px">'''''Union Units'''''</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Massachusetts Civil War Union Infantry Units|Infantry]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Massachusetts Civil War Union Cavalry Units|Cavalry]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Massachusetts Civil War Union Artillery Units|Artillery]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Massachusetts Civil War Union Sharpshooters Units|Sharp-shooters]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Massachusetts Civil War Union Colored Troops|Colored Troops]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Massachusetts Civil War Union Unassigned Units|Unassign-ed Units]]</div>
<center>'''Massachusetts Units by Type of Unit'''</center><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; color: black; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">'''''Union Units'''''</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[Massachusetts Civil War Union Infantry Units|Infantry]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[Massachusetts Civil War Union Cavalry Units|Cavalry]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[Massachusetts Civil War Union Artillery Units|Artillery]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[Massachusetts Civil War Union Sharpshooters Units|Sharp-shooters]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[Massachusetts Civil War Union Colored Troops|Colored Troops]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[Massachusetts Civil War Union Unassigned Units|Unassign-ed Units]]</div>
 
 
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=== References  ===
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[[Category:Massachusetts_-_Military_-_Civil_War,_1861-1865]]
 
[[Category:Massachusetts_-_Military_-_Civil_War,_1861-1865]]

Revision as of 21:28, 7 February 2011

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Military  Gotoarrow.png  Massachusetts  Gotoarrow.png  Massachusetts Military  Gotoarrow.png  Massachusetts in the Civil War


Clara Barton, The Angel of the Battlefield, nurse during the American Civil War

Introduction

Massachusetts had a major influence on the antislavery movement. A total of 159,165 Massachusetts men served in the Union forces, 133,002 in the Union army and 26,163 in the navy. The army units raised consisted of 62 regiments of infantry, 6 regiments of cavalry, 16 batteries of light artillery, 4 regiments of heavy artillery, 2 companies of sharpshooters, a few unattached battalions and 26 unattached companies. The 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry was the first regiment of African American soldiers. [1]

Massachusetts Military Units

Most units were numbered, however, some were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and unassigned companies.


The information in the lists of Massachusetts Military Units comes from the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors web site. This web site can also be searched by the name of a soldier.

Massachusetts Units by Number or by Name
Union Units
1st-8th
9th-22nd
23rd-62nd
A to Z







Massachusetts Units by Type of Unit
Union Units
Infantry
Cavalry
Artillery
Sharp-shooters
Colored Troops
Unassign-ed Units






Regiments

  • 1st Regiment, Massachusetts Calvalry
    Organized at Camp Brigham, Reedville, and duty there until December 25, 1861.
    Mustered out June 29, 1865, and discharged at Readville, Massachusetts, July 24, 1865.
  • 2nd Regiment, Massachusetts Heavy Artillery
    Organized at Readville and mustered in:
    Company "A" July 28, 1863
    Company "B" July 29, 1863;
    Company "C" August 4, 1863;
    Company "D" August 22, 1863, and left State for New Berne, N. C., September 5, 1863.
    Company "E" October 5, 1863,
    Company "F" October 8, 1863. Left State for New Berne, N. C., November 7, 1863.
    Company "G" December 7, 1863.
    Company "H" December 7, 1863.
    Company "I" December 11, 1863.
    Companies "K" and "L" December 22, 1883.
    Company "M," December 24, 1863.
    Mustered out September 23, 1865.
  • 2nd Regiment, Massachusetts Cavalry
    Organized at Readville and mustered in Company "A" July 28, 1863;
    Company "B" July 29, 1863;
    Company "C" August 4, 1863; Company "D" August 22, 1863, and left State for New Berne, N. C., September 5, 1863.
    Company "E" October 5, 1863, and
    Company "F" October 8, 1863. Left State for New Berne, N. C., November 7, 1863.
    Company "G" December 7, 1863.
    Company "H" December 7, 1863.
    Company "I" December 11, 1863.
    Companies "K" and "L" December 22, 1883, and
    Company "M," December 24, 1863.
    Fairfax Court House till July 20.
    Mustered out July 20, 1865.
  • 3rd Regiment, Massachusetts Heavy Artillery
    Organized for one year August, 1864, by consolidation of 3rd, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th and 16th Unattached Companies Heavy Artillery.
    Mustered out September 18, 1865.
  • 3rd Regiment, Massachusetts Cavalry
    Organized as 41st Massachusetts Infantry.
    Designation changed to 3rd Cavalry June 17, 1863.
    Moved to Boston, Mass., September 29-October 5, and discharged October 8, 1865.
  • 4th Regiment, Massachusetts Heavy Artillery
    Organized November l2, 1864, by consolidation of the 17th, 18th, 19th, 20th, 21st, 22nd, 23rd, 24th, 25th, 26th, 27th and 28th Unattached Companies Heavy Artillery. Organized August, 1864, for one year's service..  
    Mustered out June 17, 1865.
  • 4th Regiment, Massachusetts Cavalry
    Organized at Readville December 26, 1863, to February 8, 1864.
    Regiment mustered out November 14, 1865. Discharged at Boston November 26, 1865.
  • 7th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry
    Organized at Taunton and mustered in June 15, 1861.
    Moved to Taunton, Massachusetts, June 16-20, and there mustered out July, 1864, expiration of term.
  • 13th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry
    Organized at Readville and mustered in for 90 days' service May 16, 1864.Duty at Fort Clark's Point, New Bedford, Mass.  Mustered out August 15, 1864.
  • 18th Unattached Company, Massachusetts Infantry
    Organized at Readville and mustered in for 100 days August 6, 1864. Duty at Camp Meigs, Readville.
    Mustered out November 14, 1864.
    Re-enlisted and mustered in for one year December 6,1864.
    Mustered out May 12, 1865.
  • 20th Regiment, Massachusetts InfantryOrganized at Readville and mustered in for 100 days August 11, 1864.
    Mustered out November 18, 1864.
    Again mustered in for one year November 17, 1864.
    Mustered out June 29, 1865.
  • 21st Unattached Company, Massachusetts Infantry 
    Organized at Readville and mustered in for 100 days August 11, 1864. Mustered out November 18, 1864. Reorganized at Fall River, Mass., for one year, and mustered in November 23, 1864. Stationed at Provincetown. Mustered out June 28, 1865.
  • 21st Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry.
    Organized at Worcester July 19 to August 19, 1861. Moved to Baltimore, Md., August 23-25; thence to Annapolis, Md., August 29; and duty there till January 6, 1862. Attached to Reno's 2nd Brigade, Burnside's Expeditionary Corps, to April, 1862.
    2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Dept. of North Carolina, to July, 1862.
    2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1863.
    2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Dept. of the Ohio, to June, 1863.
    Unassigned, 1st Division, 23rd Army Corps, Dept. of the Ohio, to October, 1863.
    1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Dept. of the Ohio, to April, 1864.
    2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, to September, 1864.
    2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, to October, 1864.
    Non-Veterans left front August 18 and mustered out August 30, 1864.
    Veterans and Recruits transferred to 36th Massachusetts Infantry October 21, 1864.
  • 22nd Unattached Company, Massachusetts Infantry (Militia)
    Organized at Readville and mustered in for 100 days' service August 18, 1864. Duty at Camp Meigs, Readville.
    Mustered out November 2, 1864.
  • 22nd Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry
    Orginized at Lynnfield September 4 to October 6, 1861. Moved to Washington, D. C., October 8-11.
    Attached to Martindale's Brigade, Porter's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862.
    1st Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862.
    1st Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, to March, 1864.
    2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, to October, 1864. Relieved August 8 and guard duty at City Point till October 5.
    Mustered out October 17, 1864.
  • 30th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry
    Organized at Newport News, Va., December, 1861, from 1st Battalion Massachusetts Infantry (7 Cos.) and 3 new Companies ("F," "G" and "H") organized December 13-17, 1861, which joined Regiment at Newport News, Va., January 17, 1862.
    Mustered out July 29, 1865.
  • 30th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry
    Organized as "Eastern Bay State Regiment" at Camp Chase, Lowell, December 31, 1861.
    Duty in various locations, then duty in 3rd Sub-District Eastern South Carolina until December 1865. Mustered out December 1, 1865.
  • 31st Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry
    "Western Bay State Regiment," organized at Pittsfield, November 20, 1861, to February 20, 1862.
    Served in various locations, then moved to Boston September 11-24, and discharged September 30, 1865.
  • 32nd Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry
    Organized as a Battalion of 6 Companies for garrison duty at Fort Warren, Boston Harbor, November 25, 1861. Mustered out June 29, and discharged July 11, 1865.
  • 61st Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry
    Organized at Gallop's Island, Boston Harbor, August to October, 1864. Mustered out July 16. Moved to Reedville, Mass., July 20, 22, and discharged August 1, 1865.
  • Cook's Company, Massachusetts Light Artillery
    Left State with 5th Massachusetts Volunteer Militia April 21, 1861, for Fortress Monroe, Va., arriving April 23; thence moved to Annapolis, Md., April 23-24. Quartered in Naval School Building till May 4. At Relay House May 6 to June 13.
    Mustered into United States service May 18, 1861, for three months. Duty at Camp Clare, near Baltimore, Md., and in Monument Square till August
    Mustered out August 2, 1861.


References

  1. - Wikipedia.org, Massachusetts in the American Civil War (accessed 7 February 2011).