Massachusetts Church Records

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Before 1900 the major religious groups in Massachusetts were:

  • Congregationalists
  • Roman Catholics
  • Baptists
  • Methodists
  • Episcopalians

The Congregational Church was the predominant church until the end of the 18th century. Many church records were published with the town vital records.

1889 Church Records. There is a list of the churches in each town, the date of organization, kinds of records kept, years covered, and condition of the records as of 1889 in Wright's Report on the Custody and Condition of the Public Records (see Massachusetts Archives and Libraries).

The Family History Library has many published and manuscript records of Baptist, Congregational, and Society of Friends congregations. A useful index of marriages recorded by early churches is:

Bailey, Frederic W. Early Massachusetts Marriages Prior to 1800. Three Volumes in one, 1897–1914. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. (Family History Library book 974.4 V2b; film 874200; fiche 6051393.) This book has records of marriages for more than 111 towns.

Many denominations have collected their records into central repositories. You can write to the following addresses to learn where their records are located:


American Baptist Historical Society
The Library in Rochester is now closed to researchers, with interim director Betsy Dunbar working full-time, preparing collections for packing. We are not accepting any more research requests "by mail" in 2007 nor are we scheduling appointments to our Rochester Library at this time. We will also close the Valley Forge Archives Center to visitors beginning in mid-June. We are inviting researchers to plan to visit us in 2008 at our new location on the Atlanta campus of Mercer University.


An informative history is:

Brush, John Woolman. Baptists in Massachusetts. Valley Forge, Pennsylvania: Judson Press, 1970. (Family History Library book 974.4 K2bj.)


The Congregational Library
14 Beacon Street
Boston, MA 02108
Telephone: 617–523–0470
Fax: 617–523–0491

A historical perspective is found in:

Goodwin, John A. The Pilgrim Republic: An Historical Review of the Colony of New Plymouth, with Sketches of Other New England Settlements, the History of Congregationalism, and the Creeds of the Period. Boston, Massachusetts: Tickner, 1888. (Family History Library film 1465570.)


The Diocesan Library and Archives
The Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts
138 Tremont Street
Boston, MA 02111
Telephone: 617–482–4826, ext. 504
Fax: 617–482–8431

For histories of the Episcopal church see:

Duffy, Mark J., ed. The Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts 1784-1984. [Boston, Massachusetts]: Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts, 1984. (Family History Library book 974.4 K2e.)

Tyng, Dudley. Massachusetts Episcopalians, 1607-1957. [Boston, Massachusetts]: Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts, [1960]. (Family History Library book 974.4 K2t.)

Society of Friends (Quakers)

Rhode Island Historical Society
121 Hope Street
Providence, RI 02906
Telephone: 401–273–8107
Fax: 401–751–7930

An informative history of Quakers in Massachusetts is:

Hallowell, Richard P. The Quaker Invasion of Massachusetts. Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin, 1883. (FHL book 974.4 K2h.) Illustrates the persecution the Quakers received from colonial authorities. Has examples of the strength and conviction of the Quakers' religious beliefs.


American Jewish Historical Society
160 Herrick Road
Newton Centre, MA 02459
Tel: 617-559-8880
Fax: 617-559-8881


Lutheran Archives Center at Philadelphia
The Krauth Memorial Library
7301 Germantown Avenue
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19119-1794
Tel. (215) 248-4616 (800) 286-4616
Fax. (215) 248-4577


Boston University School of Theology Library
745 Commonwealth Avenue
Boston, MA 02215
Telephone: 617–353–3034
Fax: 617–358–0699


Presbyterian Historical Society
425 Lombard Street
Philadelphia, PA 19147
Telephone: 215–627–1852
Fax: 215–627–0509

Roman Catholic

Drouin Collection 1621-1967 of French Canadian records indexed at This collection has over 15 million entries for French Canadian genealogical and vital records. Be sure to search for spelling variations of the ancestor's name. This index includes Quebec notarial, vital, and church records, Acadian Catholic records, Ontario French Catholic records, early French Catholic records in Alabama, Arkansas, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, New York, and Wisconsin.

Archives of the Archdiocese of Boston
2121 Commonwealth Avenue
Brighton, MA 02135-3193
Telephone: 617–254–0100, ext. 108
Fax: 617–783–4564


Andover-Harvard Theological Library
Harvard Divinity School
45 Francis Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
Telephone: 617–495–5788
Fax: 617–496–4111