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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1459985 |title=Massachusetts State Census, 1855|location=United States}}<br>  
 
{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1459985 |title=Massachusetts State Census, 1855|location=United States}}<br>  
  
== Collection Time Period ==
+
== Record Description ==
 
 
This census was taken beginning June 1, 1855.
 
  
== Record Description  ==
+
The collection consists of an index and images of population schedules listing inhabitants of the State of Massachusetts in 1855. Suffolk County is currently missing 155 images which will be added later. This project was indexed in partnership with the New England Historic Genealogical Society (NEHGS).
  
The census schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by street in order of visitation. The census schedules are well preserved at the Massachusetts State Archives and they have been microfilmed.  
+
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1459985/waypoints Browse].  
  
=== Record Content  ===
+
== Record Content  ==
  
Genealogical information in the census:  
+
<gallery widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
 +
Image:Massachusetts 1855 Census.jpg|Massachusetts 1855 Census
 +
</gallery>
  
[[Image:Massachusetts 1855 Census.jpg|thumb|right|Massachusetts 1855 Census.jpg]]
+
The census includes:  
  
 
*Name  
 
*Name  
 
*Age  
 
*Age  
*Birthplace
+
*Gender
*Sex
+
*Race
*Color
+
*Occupation
*Condition
+
*Birthplace
*Occupation
 
  
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
  
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Some on-line indexes, such as indexes to FamilySearch Historical Records, will take you directly to an image. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.  
+
To begin your search it is helpful to know
 +
 
 +
*Name of your ancestor
 +
*Identifying information such as age and birthplace
 +
 
 +
==== Search the Collection  ====
 +
 
 +
To search the collection by name fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.  
 +
 
 +
If you did not find the person you were looking for, you may need to search the collection image by image. <br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "County" <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "Town,Ward" which takes you to the images
 +
 
 +
Look at the images one by one. Again you will need to compare the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.
 +
 
 +
Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination. Keep in mind:
 +
 
 +
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 +
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
 +
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
 +
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
  
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.  
+
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].  
  
For example:  
+
==== Using the Information  ====
 +
 
 +
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:  
  
 
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.  
 
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.  
*Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
 
 
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.  
 
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.  
*Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.  
+
*Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
*If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
 
*Occupations listed can lead you to other types of records such as employment or school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
 
  
It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
+
==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
 
 
Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
 
 
 
Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:
 
  
 +
*Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
 +
*If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
 +
*Occupations listed can lead you to other types of records such as employment or school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
 +
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
 +
*Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
 
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.  
 
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.  
 
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.  
 
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.  
Line 50: Line 68:
 
*The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
 
*The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
  
For a summary of this information see the wiki article: [[United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)|United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)]].
+
==== General Information About These Records ====
 
 
== Record History  ==
 
  
 
In 1855, the legislature directed that a census be taken on June 1 of that year and every 10 years thereafter. The census schedules were delivered to the State Secretary and eventually sent to the State Archives for safe keeping. The census schedules are well preserved at the Massachusetts State Archives and they have been microfilmed.  
 
In 1855, the legislature directed that a census be taken on June 1 of that year and every 10 years thereafter. The census schedules were delivered to the State Secretary and eventually sent to the State Archives for safe keeping. The census schedules are well preserved at the Massachusetts State Archives and they have been microfilmed.  
  
=== Why the Record Was Created  ===
+
The state censuses of Massachusetts were taken in order to enumerate the population for representation purposes. Censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor.
  
The state census of Massachusetts was taken in order to enumerate the population for representation purposes.
+
For a summary of this information see the wiki article: [[United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)|United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)]].  
 
 
=== Record Reliability  ===
 
 
 
Censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor.  
 
  
 
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
 
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
  
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Massachusetts 1855 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org] Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
+
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Massachusetts, State Census, 1855 (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org] Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
  
*[http://www.mass.gov/?pageID=afterminal&L=5&L0=Home&L1=Research+%26+Technology&L2=Government+Data+%26+Documents&L3=State+Documents+%26+Resources&L4=State+Documents+Online&sid=Eoaf&b=terminalcontent&f=lib_ourorganization_governmentdocs_census&csid=Eoaf Massachusetts State Census, 1855]
+
*[http://www.censusfinder.com/massachusetts.htm Census Finder]
*[http://www.cyndislist.com/ma.htm Cyndi's List - Massachusetts]
+
*[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arcgen/genidx.htm#census Massachusetts Archive]
 +
*[http://www.newhorizonsgenealogicalservices.com/ma-census.htm New Horizons Genealogy]
 +
*[http://www.recordsbase.com/?act=census&fc=86&fck=massachusetts&utm_source=adw&utm_medium=cpc&utm_campaign=census&creativeid=g10181376224&utm_term=massachusetts%20census&group=adw-massachusetts-census&network=g&site=&ran=1817387801380216582&target=&aceid=&asl=%5bname%5d&pos=1o1&mob=&match=b&location=massachusetts&gclid=CKHY_Kv3_LUCFZE-Mgodr3wAHA Records Base]
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Massachusetts Massaschusetts]  
+
*[[Massachusetts]]  
 
*[[Massachusetts Census|Massachusetts Census]]
 
*[[Massachusetts Census|Massachusetts Census]]
  
=== Contributions to This Article  ===
+
== Contributions to This Article  ==
  
 
{{Contributor invite}}<br>  
 
{{Contributor invite}}<br>  
  
== Citation for This Collection ==
+
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections ==
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
+
Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1459985/waypoints Massachusetts, State Census, 1855]
  
{{Collection citation
+
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
| text=<!--bibdescbegin-->Massachusetts. Massachusetts State Census, 1855. Massachusetts. Secretary of the Commonwealth. Massachusetts State Archives, Boston, Massachusetts. FHL microfilm, 68 reels. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. <!--bibdescend--> }}
 
  
Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].  
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections ==
+
=== Citation for This Collection ===
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
+
{{Collection citation | text= "Massachusetts State Census, 1855." Index and Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Secretary of the Commonwealth. State Archives, Boston.}}
  
==== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ====
+
[[Massachusetts 1855 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
  
"Massachusetts State Census, 1855." database and digital images, ''FamilySearch'' https://familysearch.org&nbsp;: accessed 25 March 2011), Ellen L Phillips, age 26; citing Massachusetts State Census Records, FHL microfilm 000,953,947; Secretary of the Commonwealth, Massachusetts State Archives, Boston Massachusetts, United states.
 
  
 
[[Category:Massachusetts|Census]]
 
[[Category:Massachusetts|Census]]

Revision as of 21:50, 1 November 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: Massachusetts State Census, 1855 .
CID1459985
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Record Description

The collection consists of an index and images of population schedules listing inhabitants of the State of Massachusetts in 1855. Suffolk County is currently missing 155 images which will be added later. This project was indexed in partnership with the New England Historic Genealogical Society (NEHGS).

For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse.

Record Content

The census includes:

  • Name
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Race
  • Occupation
  • Birthplace

How to Use the Records

To begin your search it is helpful to know

  • Name of your ancestor
  • Identifying information such as age and birthplace

Search the Collection

To search the collection by name fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.

If you did not find the person you were looking for, you may need to search the collection image by image.
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the appropriate "County"
⇒Select the appropriate "Town,Ward" which takes you to the images

Look at the images one by one. Again you will need to compare the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.

Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:

  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
  • Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
  • Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
  • If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
  • Occupations listed can lead you to other types of records such as employment or school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
  • It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
  • Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
  • Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
  • You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
  • You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
  • Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
  • The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.

General Information About These Records

In 1855, the legislature directed that a census be taken on June 1 of that year and every 10 years thereafter. The census schedules were delivered to the State Secretary and eventually sent to the State Archives for safe keeping. The census schedules are well preserved at the Massachusetts State Archives and they have been microfilmed.

The state censuses of Massachusetts were taken in order to enumerate the population for representation purposes. Censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor.

For a summary of this information see the wiki article: United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records).

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: Massachusetts, State Census, 1855

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

"Massachusetts State Census, 1855." Index and Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Secretary of the Commonwealth. State Archives, Boston.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.