Difference between revisions of "Massachusetts Naturalization Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1834334|title=Massachusetts Naturalization index, 1906-1966
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| link1=[[United States Genealogy|United States]]
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| link5=[[Massachusetts, United States Genealogy|Massachusetts]]
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== Record Description  ==
 
  
These collections are card indexes to naturalization records in the circuit and district courts of New York. The cards are arranged alphabetically by surname. They include records for the years 1906 to 1966.
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{{US NARA HR Infobox
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|CID=CID1834334
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|title=Massachusetts Naturalization Index, 1906-1966
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|location=Massachusetts
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| LOC_01 = Massachusetts
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| LOC_02 =
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| LOC_03 =
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| record_type = Naturalization Petition and Records Index 
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| record_group_nr = 21
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| record_group_title = [https://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/021.html Records of the District Courts of the United States] 
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| start_year = 1906
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| end_year = 1966
 +
| micro_pub_nr =M 1545
 +
| micro_pub_title =Index to Naturalization Petitions and records of the U.S. District Court,1906-1966, and the U.S. Circuit Court,1906-1911 for the District of Massachusetts 
 +
| micro_pub_rolls =115
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| micro_pub_nr_02 =
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| micro_pub_title_02 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_02 =
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| micro_pub_nr_03 =
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| micro_pub_title_03 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
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| micro_pub_nr_04 =
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| micro_pub_title_04 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
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| coll_series =
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| arrangement =
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| NAID =[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/5634058 5634058]
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| language =
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| FS_URL_01 = [[United States Naturalization and Citizenship]]
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| FS_URL_02 = [[Massachusetts Naturalization and Citizenship|Massachusetts Naturalization and Citizenship]]
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| FS_URL_03 =
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| FS_URL_04 =
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| FS_URL_07 =
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| FS_URL_08 =
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| FS_URL_09 =
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| FS_URL_10 =
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| RW_URL_01 = [http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2004/fall/genealogy-2004-fall.html National Archives Prologue Magazine]
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| RW_URL_02 = [https://www.archives.gov/boston National Archives at Boston]
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| RW_URL_03 = [https://www.archives.gov/research/naturalization/naturalization.html NARA Naturalization Records]
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| RW_URL_04 = [https://www.archives.gov/files/research/naturalization/420-major-immigration-laws.pdf Immigration and Naturalization Laws]
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| RW_URL_05 =
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| RW_URL_06 =
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| RW_URL_07 =
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| RW_URL_08 =
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| RW_URL_09 =
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| RW_URL_10 =
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}}
  
=== Citation for This Collection ===
+
== What is in the Collection? ==
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
+
Images of naturalization petition card indexes in the United States Circuit and District Courts of the District Massachusetts. The cards are arranged alphabetically by surname and are in two parts. The records are located at the National Archives New England Region.  
  
{{Collection citation | text= "Massachusetts Naturalization Index, 1906-1966." Index. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing "Index to Petitions and Records of Naturalizations of the U.S. and District Courts for the District of Massachusetts, 1907-1966." <i>Fold3.com</i>. http://www.fold3.com : n.d.}}
+
* Index, 1906-1926, Rolls 1-27
 +
* Index, 1925-1966, Rolls 28-115
  
== Record Content  ==
+
This card index indexes part of Petition and Records of Naturalization ,12/1790-2/1991 [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/595176 NAID 595176] 
 +
 
 +
== Collection Content ==
 +
 
 +
=== General Information About These Records ===
 +
 
 +
The actual naturalization volumes are on printed forms and are often typewritten
 +
 
 +
While there were various types of naturalization records, the Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petition usually had the most complete genealogical information.
 +
 
 +
The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship.
 +
 
 +
Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen.&nbsp;
 +
 
 +
No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).&nbsp; Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters.
 +
 
 +
Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. New York’s counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.
 +
 
 +
The index is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.
 +
 
 +
==What Can this Collection Tell Me?==
  
 
The cards include the following:  
 
The cards include the following:  
Line 23: Line 96:
 
*Spouse's name (sometimes)
 
*Spouse's name (sometimes)
  
== How to Use the Record  ==
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
  
To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:  
+
Before searching the collection, it is helpful to know:  
  
*The full name of your ancestor  
+
*The full name of your ancestor.
*The approximate immigration and naturalization dates  
+
*The approximate immigration and naturalization dates.
*The ancestor’s residence
+
*The ancestor’s residence.
  
 
If you do not know this information, check the 1910 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.  
 
If you do not know this information, check the 1910 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.  
 +
=== Search the Index ===
 +
{{Search Collection Link
 +
| CID=CID1834334
 +
}}
  
==== Search the Collection ====
+
Keep in mind:
  
To search the collection fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:
+
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.  
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
+
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.  
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
+
*Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.  
*Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
 
 
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.  
 
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.  
 
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
 
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
 +
=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===
 +
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.  Keep track of your research in a [[Use_Appropriate_Forms#Prepare_a_Research_Log | research log]].
  
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at
+
For tips about searching on-line collections see the wiki article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
[http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
 
  
==== Using the Information ====
+
==What Do I Do Next?==
  
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example, you can use naturalization records to:  
+
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.  
 +
 
 +
=== I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now? ===
 +
 
 +
You can use naturalization records to:  
  
 
*Learn an immigrant’s place of origin  
 
*Learn an immigrant’s place of origin  
Line 54: Line 135:
 
*Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.
 
*Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.
  
==== Tips to Keep in Mind ====
+
Keep in Mind:
  
 
*Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.  
 
*Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.  
Line 63: Line 144:
 
*You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
 
*You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
  
==== Unable to Find Your Ancestor? ====
+
=== I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now? ===
  
 
*Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.  
 
*Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.  
Line 69: Line 150:
 
*Search the indexes of nearby counties.
 
*Search the indexes of nearby counties.
  
==== General Information About These Records ====
+
== Citing This Collection ==
 
 
The actual naturalization volumes are on printed forms and are often typewritten
 
 
 
While there were various types of naturalization records, the Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petition usually had the most complete genealogical information.
 
 
 
The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship.
 
 
 
Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen.&nbsp;
 
 
 
No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).&nbsp; Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters.
 
 
 
Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. New York’s counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.
 
 
 
The index is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.
 
 
 
==== Search the Collection ====
 
 
 
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:
 
 
 
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
 
 
 
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
 
 
[http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2004/fall/genealogy-2004-fall.html National Archives Prologue Magazine]
 
 
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
 
 
*[[Massachusetts]]
 
*[[Massachusetts Naturalization and Citizenship|Massachusetts Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 
 
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
  
{{Contributor invite}}
+
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found.  Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
;Collection Citation:
 +
{{Collection_citation | text="Massachusetts Naturalization Index, 1906-1966." Database. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. From "Index to Petitions and Records of Naturalizations of the U.S. and District Courts for the District of Massachusetts, 1907-1966." Database. <i>Fold3.com</i>. http://www.fold3.com : n.d. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1545. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.}} <br>
 +
{{Record_Citation}}<br>
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].&nbsp;
+
{{Contributor invite}}
  
[[Category:Massachusetts]]
+
[[Category:Massachusetts FamilySearch Historical Records]]
 +
[[Category:NARA_Naturalization_and_Citizenship_Records]]

Latest revision as of 12:16, 19 September 2017

United States
Massachusetts


Access the Records
Massachusetts Naturalization Index, 1906-1966 .
CID1834334
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Massachusetts, United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Type Naturalization Petition and Records Index
Record Group RG 21: Records of the District Courts of the United States
Collection years 1906-1966
Microfilm Publication M 1545. Index to Naturalization Petitions and records of the U.S. District Court,1906-1966, and the U.S. Circuit Court,1906-1911 for the District of Massachusetts. 115 rolls.
National Archives Identifier 5634058
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in the Collection?

Images of naturalization petition card indexes in the United States Circuit and District Courts of the District Massachusetts. The cards are arranged alphabetically by surname and are in two parts. The records are located at the National Archives New England Region.

  • Index, 1906-1926, Rolls 1-27
  • Index, 1925-1966, Rolls 28-115

This card index indexes part of Petition and Records of Naturalization ,12/1790-2/1991 NAID 595176

Collection Content

General Information About These Records

The actual naturalization volumes are on printed forms and are often typewritten

While there were various types of naturalization records, the Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petition usually had the most complete genealogical information.

The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship.

Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen. 

No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).  Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters.

Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. New York’s counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.

The index is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.

What Can this Collection Tell Me?

The cards include the following:

  • Name of immigrant
  • Age
  • Birth date
  • Date and place Certificate of Admission was issued
  • Petition number
  • Spouse's name (sometimes)

How Do I Search the Collection?

Before searching the collection, it is helpful to know:

  • The full name of your ancestor.
  • The approximate immigration and naturalization dates.
  • The ancestor’s residence.

If you do not know this information, check the 1910 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches


Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the wiki article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?

You can use naturalization records to:

  • Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
  • Confirm their date of arrival
  • Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
  • Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.

Keep in Mind:

  • Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.
  • An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.
  • If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.
  • Continue to search the naturalization records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have naturalized in the same area or nearby.
  • The witnesses named on naturalization records may have been older relatives of the person in the naturalization process. Search for their naturalizations.
  • You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.

I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?

  • Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.
  • Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the naturalization records year by year.
  • Search the indexes of nearby counties.

Citing This Collection

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation
"Massachusetts Naturalization Index, 1906-1966." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. From "Index to Petitions and Records of Naturalizations of the U.S. and District Courts for the District of Massachusetts, 1907-1966." Database. Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : n.d. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1545. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.
Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.