Difference between revisions of "Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1820-1891 (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Added year gaps)
 
(78 intermediate revisions by 27 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{FamilySearch_Collection
+
{{breadcrumb
 +
| link1=[[United States Genealogy|United States]]
 +
| link2=[[Massachusetts, United States Genealogy|Massachusetts]]
 +
| link3=
 +
| link4=
 +
| link5=[[Suffolk County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Suffolk County]]
 +
}}
 +
{{US NARA HR Infobox
 +
|CID=CID2304666
 +
|title=Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1848-1891
 +
|CID2=CID1860873
 +
|title2=Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1820-1891
 +
|location=Massachusetts
 +
| LOC_01 =Massachusetts
 +
| LOC_02 =Suffolk County
 +
| LOC_03 =
 +
| record_type =Passenger Arrivals 
 +
| record_group_nr = 36
 +
| record_group_title =[https://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/036.html Records of the U.S. Customs Service]
 +
| start_year = 1820
 +
| end_year =1891
 +
| micro_pub_nr =M277
 +
| micro_pub_title = [https://www.archives.gov/files/research/microfilm/m277.pdf Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Boston,Massachusetts,1820-1892]
 +
| micro_pub_rolls =115
 +
| micro_pub_nr_02 = M265
 +
| micro_pub_title_02 = Index to Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Boston,Massachusetts,1848-1891 
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_02 = 282
 +
| micro_pub_nr_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
 +
| coll_series =
 +
| arrangement =
 +
| NAID =
 +
| language =
 +
| FS_URL_01 =[[Massachusetts Emigration and Immigration]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 =[[United States Emigration and Immigration]]
 +
| FS_URL_03 =[[Boston Massachusetts genealogy|Boston, Massachusetts Genealogy]] 
 +
| FS_URL_04 = [[Massachusetts Archives and Libraries]]
 +
| FS_URL_05 = [[Suffolk County, Massachusetts]]
 +
| FS_URL_06 =
 +
| FS_URL_07 =
 +
| FS_URL_08 =
 +
| FS_URL_09 =
 +
| FS_URL_10 =
 +
| RW_URL_01 =[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arcsrch/PassengerManifestSearchContents.html Massachusetts State Archives Passenger Manifest Index, 1848-1891]
 +
| RW_URL_02 =[http://www.germanroots.com/bostonlists1820.html Boston Passenger Lists 1820-1891]
 +
| RW_URL_03 =[http://www.theshipslist.com/Research/OddBoston.htm Boston Research Notes]
 +
| RW_URL_04 =[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/naturalization/420-major-immigration-laws.pdf Immigration and Naturalization Laws]
 +
| RW_URL_05 =
 +
}}
 +
== What is in the Collection? ==
 +
 
 +
Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Boston,1820-1891 corresponds to NARA microfilm  publication M277 part of Record Group 36 Records of the U.S. Customs Service. The passenger lists are arranged by the arrival date of the ship and cover arrivals from September 2, 1820  to March 31, 1874 and January 1, 1883 to July 29,1891. Missing years include 1855 to 1856 and
 +
April 1, 1875-Dec 31, 1882. 
 +
 
 +
===To Browse this Collection===
 +
 
 +
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 
|CID=CID1860873
 
|CID=CID1860873
 
|title=Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1820-1891
 
|title=Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1820-1891
|location=United States}}<br>
+
}}  
  
== Record Description  ==
 
  
The collection is images of Boston Passenger Lists for 1820 through 1891. There is a two-year gap from 1855-1856 and a nine-year gap between March 31, 1874 and April, 1883. Corresponds to NARA publication M277: Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Boston, Massachusetts, 1820-1891.  
+
Index to Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Boston,Massachusetts,1848-1891, corresponds to NARA publication M265 part of Record Group 36 Records of the U.S. Customs Service. The index was created by the Works Progress Administration in the 1930s from  passenger kept by  Massachusetts at located at the state archives.  
  
The lists consist of large sheets of paper divided into columns and rows. Earlier lists are handwritten, while most after 1917 are typewritten. Lists after 1906 usually occupy two pages.
 
  
Passenger arrival lists known as customs manifests date back to 1820. In 1883, the federal government mandated the creation of ship manifests and in 1891, Congressional action resulted in federal immigration officials recording the immigrants’ arrival.&nbsp;
+
===To Browse this Collection===
  
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1860873/waypoints Browse].
+
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 +
|CID=CID2304666
 +
|title=Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1848-1891
 +
}}
  
The passenger arrival list was used by legal inspectors to question each immigrant during a legal inspection prior to the person being allowed to live in America. Only two percent of the prospective immigrants were denied entry.&nbsp;
+
== Collection Content ==
 +
=== Sample Images ===
  
The information was supplied by the immigrant or a traveling companion (usually a family member). Incorrect information was occasionally given, or mistakes may have been made when the clerk guessed at the spelling of foreign names.&nbsp;
+
<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px">
 +
Image:Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1820-1891 DGS 4704851 39.jpg|Massachusetts, Boston Passenger List: M277
 +
Image:Massachusetts,Index_to_Boston_Passenger_Lists_(13-1179)_Sample_Index_Card_DGS_7620328_30.jpg|Index Card: M265
 +
</gallery>
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
+
The lists consist of large sheets of paper divided into columns and rows. Earlier lists are handwritten, while most after 1917 are typewritten. Lists after 1906 usually occupy two pages.
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
+
Passenger arrival lists known as customs manifests date back to 1820. In 1883, the federal government mandated the creation of ship manifests and in 1891, Congressional action resulted in federal immigration officials recording the immigrants’ arrival.  
  
{{Collection citation | text= "Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1820-1891." Index and Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication M277. Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.}}
+
The passenger arrival list was used by legal inspectors to question each immigrant during a legal inspection prior to the person being allowed to live in America. Only two percent of the prospective immigrants were denied entry.  
  
[[Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1820-1891 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
+
The information was supplied by the immigrant or a traveling companion (usually a family member). Incorrect information was occasionally given, or mistakes may have been made when the clerk guessed at the spelling of foreign names.
  
== Record Content  ==
+
== What Can this Collection Tell Me? ==
 +
The content of the passenger lists varies by time period. You may find any of the following information:
  
The content of the records varies by time period. You may find any of the following information:
+
*Name of passenger
 
 
[[Image:Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1820-1891 DGS 4704851 39.jpg|thumb|right|Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1820-1891 DGS 4704851 39.jpg]]
 
 
 
*Name of immigrant
 
 
*Age  
 
*Age  
 
*Gender  
 
*Gender  
Line 40: Line 102:
 
*Date of arrival  
 
*Date of arrival  
 
*Port of departure  
 
*Port of departure  
*Port of entry
+
*Port of entry  
  
== How to Use the Record  ==
+
*Name of Passenger
 +
*Age
 +
*Gender
 +
*Date and port of arrival
 +
*Name of Ship
 +
*Occupation
 +
*Country of citizenship
 +
*Previous residence
 +
*Destination
  
To search the collection, select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page ⇒ Select the Roll No. - Description which takes you to the images.
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
  
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
+
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
 +
*The full name of your ancestor  
 +
*Some other identifying information such as the birth place or birth date
  
<br>To begin your search it is helpful to know:
+
If you do not know this information, check the census records after 1900.
 +
===Search the Index===
 +
{{Search Collection Link
 +
| CID=CID1860873
 +
}}
  
*The full name of your ancestor
+
View images in this collection by visiting the '''{{RecordSearch|1860873|Browse Page|access=browse}}''':<br>
*The date of immigration
+
#Select the '''Roll No. - Description''' which takes you to the images.
 +
 
 +
Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination. Keep in mind:
  
If you do not know this information, check the census records after 1900.  
+
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 +
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
 +
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
 +
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
  
==== Search the Collection  ====
+
{{Tip|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2304666 Massachusetts, index to Boston passenger lists, 1848-1891]. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.}}
  
From the roll number description, select the set of dates that are appropriate for your ancestor. Search the images for those years until you find your ancestors. Compare the information about those people in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
+
{{Tip | More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1860873 Massachusetts, Boston passenger lists, 1820-1891]. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.}}
 +
=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===
 +
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a [[Use_Appropriate_Forms#Prepare_a_Research_Log | research log]].
  
==== Using the Information  ====
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
  
 
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Make a photocopy of the record, or extract the genealogical information needed. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family. The information may also lead you to other records about your ancestors.  
 
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Make a photocopy of the record, or extract the genealogical information needed. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family. The information may also lead you to other records about your ancestors.  
  
The following examples show ways you can use the information:
+
=== I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now? ===
 
+
*Use the age listed to calculate a birth date.  
*Use the age listed to calculate a birthdate.  
 
 
*Use the names and relationships as a basis for compiling family groups.  
 
*Use the names and relationships as a basis for compiling family groups.  
 
*Use the last residence or port of departure to find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.  
 
*Use the last residence or port of departure to find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.  
 
*Use the occupation to search for employment and guild records.  
 
*Use the occupation to search for employment and guild records.  
 
*Use the intended destination to search for church, census, and land records.
 
*Use the intended destination to search for church, census, and land records.
 
==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
 
 
 
*Search the passenger lists to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have immigrated at the same time.  
 
*Search the passenger lists to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have immigrated at the same time.  
 
*If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for that date before you decide which is correct.  
 
*If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for that date before you decide which is correct.  
 
*If your ancestor has an uncommon surname, you may want to obtain the passenger list of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
 
*If your ancestor has an uncommon surname, you may want to obtain the passenger list of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
  
If you do not find the name you are looking for, try the following:
+
=== I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now? ===
  
*Check for variant spellings.  
+
*Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names.  
 
*Look for an index. Records are often indexed by local historical and genealogical societies. There may also be another collection which is an index to the records.  
 
*Look for an index. Records are often indexed by local historical and genealogical societies. There may also be another collection which is an index to the records.  
*Search the indexes of other port cities.
+
*Search the indexes of other port cities.
 +
*Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
  
 
Please note that when you select an image to view, sometimes the manifest includes more than one page, and when you use the "click to enlarge manifest" link, the image that appears is not always the first page of the record. You may need to click on the "previous" or "next" links to view the remaining pages of the full manifest.  
 
Please note that when you select an image to view, sometimes the manifest includes more than one page, and when you use the "click to enlarge manifest" link, the image that appears is not always the first page of the record. You may need to click on the "previous" or "next" links to view the remaining pages of the full manifest.  
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
== Citing This Collection ==
 
 
*[http://arcweb.archives.gov/arc/action/ExternalIdSearch?id=4319742&jScript=true National Archives Catalog Description]
 
*[http://www.germanroots.com/bostonlists1820.html Boston Passenger Lists 1820-1891]
 
*[http://www.theshipslist.com/Research/OddBoston.htm Boston Research Notes]
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/southeast/finding-aids/microfilm/immigration.html Immigration and Naturalization Records]
 
 
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
 
 
*[[Boston, Massachusetts|Boston, Masssachusetts]]
 
*[[Massachusetts Emigration and Immigration]]
 
*[[United States Emigration and Immigration]]
 
 
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
 
 
{{Contributor invite}}
 
 
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
 
 
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
 
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
+
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found.  Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
;Collection Citation:
 +
{{Collection_citation | text="Massachusetts, Index to Boston Passenger Lists, 1848-1891." Database with images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 8 November 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M265. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1969.
 +
}}<br>
 +
{{Record_Citation}}<br>
 +
{{Image_Citation}}<br>
  
"Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1820-1891," images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org: accessed 22 May 2012), 011-Apr 1, 1837-Aug 31, 1838 &gt; Image 6 of 881, Francis Edmonds, age 20, citing Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, National Archives and Records Center.
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
[[Category:Massachusetts|Emigration and Immigration]]
+
{{Contributor invite}}
 +
[[Category:NARA_Emigration_and_Immigration_Records]]

Latest revision as of 13:35, 19 September 2017

United States
Massachusetts
Suffolk County
Access the Records
Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1848-1891  and Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1820-1891.
CID2304666
CID1860873
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Suffolk County, Massachusetts, United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Type Passenger Arrivals
Record Group RG 36: Records of the U.S. Customs Service
Collection years 1820-1891
Microfilm Publication M277. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Boston,Massachusetts,1820-1892. 115 rolls.
  M265. Index to Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Boston,Massachusetts,1848-1891. 282 rolls.
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in the Collection?

Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Boston,1820-1891 corresponds to NARA microfilm publication M277 part of Record Group 36 Records of the U.S. Customs Service. The passenger lists are arranged by the arrival date of the ship and cover arrivals from September 2, 1820 to March 31, 1874 and January 1, 1883 to July 29,1891. Missing years include 1855 to 1856 and April 1, 1875-Dec 31, 1882.

To Browse this Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1820-1891.


Index to Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Boston,Massachusetts,1848-1891, corresponds to NARA publication M265 part of Record Group 36 Records of the U.S. Customs Service. The index was created by the Works Progress Administration in the 1930s from passenger kept by Massachusetts at located at the state archives.


To Browse this Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1848-1891.

Collection Content

Sample Images

The lists consist of large sheets of paper divided into columns and rows. Earlier lists are handwritten, while most after 1917 are typewritten. Lists after 1906 usually occupy two pages.

Passenger arrival lists known as customs manifests date back to 1820. In 1883, the federal government mandated the creation of ship manifests and in 1891, Congressional action resulted in federal immigration officials recording the immigrants’ arrival.

The passenger arrival list was used by legal inspectors to question each immigrant during a legal inspection prior to the person being allowed to live in America. Only two percent of the prospective immigrants were denied entry.

The information was supplied by the immigrant or a traveling companion (usually a family member). Incorrect information was occasionally given, or mistakes may have been made when the clerk guessed at the spelling of foreign names.

What Can this Collection Tell Me?

The content of the passenger lists varies by time period. You may find any of the following information:

  • Name of passenger
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Occupation
  • Birthplace or last residence
  • Intended final destination
  • Date of arrival
  • Port of departure
  • Port of entry
  • Name of Passenger
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Date and port of arrival
  • Name of Ship
  • Occupation
  • Country of citizenship
  • Previous residence
  • Destination

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The full name of your ancestor
  • Some other identifying information such as the birth place or birth date

If you do not know this information, check the census records after 1900.

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches


View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:

  1. Select the Roll No. - Description which takes you to the images.

Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Make a photocopy of the record, or extract the genealogical information needed. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family. The information may also lead you to other records about your ancestors.

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • Use the age listed to calculate a birth date.
  • Use the names and relationships as a basis for compiling family groups.
  • Use the last residence or port of departure to find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.
  • Use the occupation to search for employment and guild records.
  • Use the intended destination to search for church, census, and land records.
  • Search the passenger lists to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have immigrated at the same time.
  • If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for that date before you decide which is correct.
  • If your ancestor has an uncommon surname, you may want to obtain the passenger list of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.

I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names.
  • Look for an index. Records are often indexed by local historical and genealogical societies. There may also be another collection which is an index to the records.
  • Search the indexes of other port cities.
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.

Please note that when you select an image to view, sometimes the manifest includes more than one page, and when you use the "click to enlarge manifest" link, the image that appears is not always the first page of the record. You may need to click on the "previous" or "next" links to view the remaining pages of the full manifest.

Citing This Collection

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation
"Massachusetts, Index to Boston Passenger Lists, 1848-1891." Database with images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 8 November 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M265. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1969.
Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record.

Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.