Maryland in the Civil War

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United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Civil War  Gotoarrow.png  Maryland  Gotoarrow.png  Maryland Military  Gotoarrow.png  Maryland in the Civil War


Introduction

Maryland was a border state between the Union and the Confederacy.  Nearly 85,000 men signed up to join the military. Though it was a slave state, only a fourth of them joined Confederate units. The majority joined Union forces.

For more information, see the Wikipedia article, Maryland in the American Civil War.

Maryland Military Units

Most units were numbered, however, some were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and unassigned companies.

The information in the lists of Maryland Military Units comes from the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors web site. This web site also can be searched by the name of a soldier.

Maryland Military Units by Number or by Name


Confederate Units
1st-4th
A to Z
A to Z
1st-13th
Union Units



Maryland Units by Type of Unit
Confederate Units
Infantry
Cavalry
Artillery
Other




Union Units
Infantry
Cavalry
Artillery
Home Brigade
Other Units




Union Units

  • 1st Regiment, Maryland Cavalry
    Organized at Baltimore and Williamsport, Md., Pittsburg, Pa., and Washington, D. C., August, 1861, to June, 1862.
    Mustered out August 8, 1865.
  • 1st Regiment, Maryland Infantry
    Organized at Baltimore, Md.
    Mustered in: Company "A" May 10; Companies "B," "C," May 11; Company "D," May 16, 1861. Moved to Relay House, Md. May 24, 1861. Company "E" mustered in May 25, and Companies "F," "G," "H," "I" and "K" mustered in at Relay House May 27, 1861.
    Mustered out July 2, 1865
  • 1st Regiment, Maryland Eastern Shore Infantry
    Organized at Cambridge, Md., September, 1861.
    Company "A" mustered out by order of the War Department August 16, 1862. Regiment consolidated with 11th Maryland Infantry February 23, 1865.
  • 2nd Regiment, Maryland Infantry
    Organized at Baltimore, Md., June to September, 1861.
    Duty in the Department of Washington till July. Mustered out July 7, 1865.
  • Purnell Legion, Maryland Infantry
    Organized at Pikesville, Md., near Baltimore, under special authority of the Secretary of War, October 31 to December 31, 1861.
    Mustered out October 24, 1864.
  • Unassigned Maryland
    "Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.


Confederate Units

  • 1st Regiment, Maryland Cavalry
    Began its formation in May, 1862 and became a four-company battalion at Winchester, Virginia in November. In April, 1865, it cut through Federal lines at Appomattox and disbanded.
  • 1st Regiment, Maryland Infantry
    1st Infantry Regiment was assembled at Winchester, Virginia, during the early summer of 1861 On August 11, 1862, the unit disbanded at Gordonsville, Virginia.
  • 1st Battery, Maryland Artillery
    1st Artillery Company [also called the Maryland Flying Battery] was organized at Richmond, Virginia, in July, 1861. It surrendered
  • 2nd Battalion, Maryland Cavalry
    2nd Cavalry Battalion was organized at Staunton, Virginia, in September, 1863.  After serving as partisan rangers, it was mustered into Confederate service in May, 1864
  • 2nd Battalion, Maryland Infantry
    2nd Infantry Regiment, often called 1st or 2nd Battalion, formerly the 1st Infantry Battalion, was organized at Winchester, Virginia in September, 1862.
    In May, 1864, it surrendered
  • 2nd Battery, Maryland Artillery
    2nd Artillery Company, usually known as the Baltimore Battery, was formed in September, 1861.  It served as infantry in the trenches of Petersburg; It lost. And in action at Gettysburg, it surrendered
  • 3rd Battery, Maryland Artillery
    3rd Artillery Company was organized at Richmond, Virginia, in January, 1862 Was captured at Vicksburg. After being exchanged, the officers and men were consolidated with the Stephens Georgia Light Artillery
  • 4th Battery, Maryland Artillery
    4th Artillery Company [also called Chesapeake Battery] was organized at Richmond, Virginia, during the spring of 1862. The battery lost 1 wounded at Second Manassas, had 4 killed and 12 wounded of the 76 at Gettysburg, and surrendered
  • Maryland Line
    "Units of the Confederate States Army", by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.

Guides to Records

Guide to Civil War Sources by the Maryland Historical Society is helpful with your Civil War era research. Maryland was officially a Union state, but some men—particularly from southern Maryland—did serve in the Confederate Army. For more information about the Civil War see the Civil War page. For service records of Union soldiers, see:

  • Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Maryland [1]
  • Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Maryland. [2]

For service record of Confederate soldiers, see Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Maryland [3] [4]

Pension Records

The Family History Library has an index to Civil War pension records Family History Library films [5] You must order photocopies of Union pension applications from the National Archives. The state of Maryland did not offer pensions to those who served in the Confederacy.

  • Civil War Pension Index Cards - A free Internet index to pension applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch Record Search. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. Other wars, of that time period, may be included.

Rosters

Published rosters of Confederate and Union soldiers are in:

  • The Maryland Line in the Confederate Army, 1861-1865 [6]Full text on Google Books
  • Marylanders in the Confederacy [7]
  • Maryland in the Civil War [8]
  • History and Roster of Maryland Volunteers, War of 1861-65 [9]
  • Register of the Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the Navy of the Confederate States: To January 1, 1863 [10]

History

  • A Memoir, Richard Snowden Andrews, Lieutenant-Colonel [11] Full Text is available at Google Books. This is a history from the recollections of Richard Snowden Andrews Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding the first Maryland Artillery (Andrews Battalion) Confederate States Army of the account of a fight of two guns at Sevenson's Depot near Winchester in 1863.

The Family History Library has some Maryland regimental histories. An example is Colored Volunteers of Maryland Civil War, 7th Regiment, United States Colored Troops, 1863-1866 [12] To learn more about Maryland Confederate forces, see Confederate Military History [13]Volume two deals only with Maryland.

Online Resources

  • Civil War Rosters is a directory of Civil War Rosters and Muster Rolls that have been found on the internet. Some of the units may not be listed as only about 50-60% of all rosters are on the internet. Links are given for further research.
  • History and Roster of Maryland Volunteers History and Roster of Maryland Volunteers War of 1861-5 Volume 1. Maintained by Maryland State Archives.
  • The National Museum of Civil War Medicine located in Frederick, Maryland is a repository of exhibits and artifacts devoted to effectively weave the narrative of suffering soldiers, caregivers, their families and the dramatic and innovative developments in medical treatment.
  • Roster of Maryland Volunteers, War of 1861–1865 by Lineages.com is searchable by last name.  This is a roster of 49,038 Maryland troops who fought for the Union during the Civil War.
    Site provides the following information:
    • Name
    • Rank
    • Enlisted
    • Remarks
    • Regiment
    • Discharged

References

  1. Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Maryland. On 13 Family History Library films beginning with 881522
  2. Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Maryland. On 238 Family History Library films beginning with 1477976, NARA M0384
  3. Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Maryland. (On 22 FHL films beginning with 1292663, NARA M0321
  4. The index is on Family History Library films 821887-8
  5. 540757-541300, NARA T0288)
  6. Goldsborough, William W. The Maryland Line in the Confederate Army, 1861-1865. 1900. Reprint, Gaithersburg, Maryland: Olde Soldier Books, 1987. Family History Library book 975.2 M2g
  7. Hartzler, Daniel D. Marylanders in the Confederacy. Silver Spring, Maryland: Family Line Publications, 1986. Family History Library book 975.2 M28h
  8. Huntsberry, Thomas V., and Joanne M. Huntsberry. Maryland in the Civil War. Two Volumes. Edgemere, Maryland: J. Mart Publishers, 1985. (Family History Library book 975.2 M2hm
  9. Wilmer, L. Allison. History and Roster of Maryland Volunteers, War of 1861-65. Two Volumes. 1898-1899. Reprint, Silver Spring, Maryland: Family Line, 1987. Family History Library book 975.2 M2wi; film 1466002; fiche 6082446
  10. Register of the Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the Navy of the Confederate States: To January 1, 1863. Family History Library book 975 M3r; film 1035530 item 8).
  11. Andrews, Mary Catherine (Lee) and Tunstall Smith. 'A Memoir, Richard Snowden Andrews, Lieutenant-Colonel Baltimore, Maryland: The Sun Job Printing Office 1930.
  12. Callum, Agnes Kane. Colored Volunteers of Maryland Civil War, 7th Regiment, United States Colored Troops, 1863-1866. Baltimore, Maryland: Mullac Publishers, 1990. Family History Library book 975.2 M2ca
  13. Confederate Military History. Extended ed., 17 vols. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Publishing Company, 1987-1988. Family History Library book 975 M2e