Maryland Vital Records

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United States  Gotoarrow.png  Maryland  Gotoarrow.png  Vital Records

Introduction to Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. United States Vital Records has additional research guidance on researching and using vital records. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Maryland Vital Records State Department of Health or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

Vital Records Collage.JPG

Vital Records Reference Dates

Maryland's civil records start the following years:

Birth County Marriages Death
Earliest 1640 1640 1640
Statewide Registration 1898 1777 1898

Maryland Birth, Marriage and Death Records Online

The following is a list of online resources useful for locating Maryland Vital Records which consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths.  Most online resources for Maryland Vital Records are indexes. After locating a person in an index always consult the original record to confirm the information in the index.

Birth Records

Some births were recorded in colonial Maryland by the Maryland General Assembly but not many survived or where ever recorded (no state records from 1800 until 1865).  Birth registration was inconsistant but started again in 1865. In 1875, Baltimore began recording births.  In 1898, counties in Maryland began recording births, although full compliance did not happen until the 1910s.  

For more information about availability, content, and history about birth records in Maryland click on this link: 

Maryland Vital Records: Birth

Marriage Records

Records of marriages were generally the first vital records kept consistantly in Maryland by the Maryland General Assembly. Early colonial marriage records includes banns and marriage registers. By 1777, marriage licenses were required but it wasn't until 1865 that the county court recorded all marriages in Maryland.

For more information about availability, content, and history about marriage records in Maryland, click on this link:

Maryland Vital Records: Marriages

For more information about availability, content, and history about divorce records in Maryland click on this link:

Maryland Divorce Records

Death Records

The earliest death records in Maryland was the Maryland General Assembly requiring the registration of burials.  This lasted until 1695.  The Maryland General Assembly assigned responsibility to the Circuit Courts in 1865 and the County Courts in 1898 - but compliance was spotty. It wasn't until 1914 that all deaths in Maryland were recorded.

For more information about availability, content and history about death records in Maryland, click on this link:

Maryland Vital Records: Death

Divorce Records

Adoption Records

Additional Helps


  • Information listed on vital records is given by an informant.  Learn the relationship of the informant to the subject(s) of the record.  The closer the relationship of the informant to the Subject(s) and whether or not the informant was present at the time of the event can help determine the accuracy of the information found on the records.
  • If you are unable to locate vital records recorded by govenments, search for church records of chiristening, marriage, death or burial.  A family Bible may have been used to record births, marriages and deaths.
  • Records for African American may be recorded in separate files with separate indexes.
  • Privacy laws may restrict your access to some vital records.  Copies of some vital records recorded in the last 100 years may be uanavailable to anyone except a direct relative.
  • Search for Vital Records in the Family History Library Catalog by using a Place Search and then choosing Vital Records.  Search for Maryland to locate records filed by the State and then search the name of the county to locate records kept by that county.

Lost and Missing Records

Counties with fragmented records:

Allegany (1893), Anne Arundel (1704), Calvert (1882), Carroll, Cecil, Dorchester (1852), Frederick, Harford (1858), Kent (1720), St. Mary's (1831), Somerset (1831), Talbot, Washington (1871)

Substitute Records

  • Maryland Church Records: Depending on the denomination, church records may contain information about birth, marriage and death.
  • Maryland Cemetery Records: Cemetery records are a rich source of birth and death information.  These records may also reveal family relationships.
  • Maryland Census: Census records are a valuable source for birth and marriage information. You may also determine approximate time of death when the individual disappear from the census. This is a good place to begin a search.
  • Maryland Newspapers: Besides obituaries, local newspapers may contain birth and marriage announcements and death notices.  Also check newspaper social columns for additional information.
  • Maryland Periodicals: Local genealogical and historical societies often publish periodicals which may contain abstracted early birth, marriage and death information.
  • Maryland Military Records: Military pension records can give birth, marriage and death information,  In addtion, soldiers' homes records can included this same information.
  • Maryland Probate Records: If no death record exists, probate records may be helpful in estimating when an individual has died. Probate records in the 20th Century often contain the exact death date.
  • Maryland History: Local histories, family histories and biographies can all be sources of birth, marriage and death information. Often this information is found in county-level records or in surname searches of the Family History Library catalog.

More Online Links

Vital Records Index