Difference between revisions of "Maryland Naturalization Petitions (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Entered Citation)
(I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking for, What Now?)
 
(69 intermediate revisions by 31 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{FamilySearch_Collection
+
{{breadcrumb
|CID=CID1854313
+
| link1=[[United States Genealogy|United States]]
 +
| link2=
 +
| link3=
 +
| link4=
 +
| link5=[[Maryland, United States Genealogy|Maryland]]
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
{{US NARA HR Infobox
 +
|CID=CID1854313  
 
|title=Maryland Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1931
 
|title=Maryland Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1931
|location=United States}}<br>
+
|location=Maryland
 
+
| LOC_01 = Maryland
== Record Description  ==
+
| LOC_02 =  
 
+
| LOC_03 =  
This Collection will include records from 1906 to 1931.<br>
+
| record_type = Naturalization Petitions
 
+
| record_group_nr = 21
The card index is for naturalization records in the circuit and district courts of Maryland. The cards are arranged alphabetically by surname.  
+
| record_group_title =[https://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/021.html Records of District Courts of the United States] 
 
+
| start_year = 1906
The actual naturalization volumes vary in size and format. Prior to 1906, each document was usually handwritten on one page. From the late 1800s and on, printed forms were used. After 1906, many entries were typewritten.  
+
| end_year = 1931
 
+
| micro_pub_nr =M1640
While there were various types of naturalization records, the Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petition usually had the most complete genealogical information.
+
| micro_pub_title =Naturalization Petitions of the U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland,1906-1930 
 
+
| micro_pub_rolls =43
The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship.  
+
| micro_pub_nr_02 =
 
+
| micro_pub_title_02 =
Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen.  
+
| micro_pub_rolls_02 =
 
+
| micro_pub_nr_03 =
No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).
+
| micro_pub_title_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
 +
| coll_series =
 +
| arrangement = Numerical by petition number 
 +
| NAID = [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/654310 654310]
 +
| language =
 +
| FS_URL_01 =[[Maryland, United States Genealogy|Maryland]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 =[[Maryland Naturalization and Citizenship|Maryland Naturalization and Citizenship]] 
 +
| FS_URL_03 =[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1838829?collectionNameFilter=false Naturalization Indexes, 1797-1951]
 +
| FS_URL_04 =[[Maryland Archives and Libraries]]
 +
| FS_URL_05 = [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=348&query=%2Bplace%3A%22United%20States%2C%20Maryland%22%20%2Bkeywords%3Anaturalization FamilySearch Library Catalog]
 +
| FS_URL_06 =
 +
| FS_URL_07 =
 +
| FS_URL_08 =
 +
| FS_URL_09 =
 +
| FS_URL_10 =
 +
| RW_URL_01 =[http://guide.mdsa.net/viewer.cfm?page=naturalization Maryland State Archives] 
 +
| RW_URL_02 =[https://www.archives.gov/research/naturalization NARA Naturalization Records]
 +
| RW_URL_03 =[http://www.archives.gov/research/naturalization/420-major-immigration-laws.pdf NARA Immigration and Naturalization Laws]
 +
| RW_URL_04 =
 +
| RW_URL_05 =
 +
| RW_URL_06 =
 +
| RW_URL_07 =
 +
| RW_URL_08 =
 +
| RW_URL_09 =
 +
| RW_URL_10 =
 +
}}
  
Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters.
+
== What is in This Collection? ==
  
Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. New York’s counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.  
+
The collection consists of approximately 13,800 naturalization petitions filed in the U.S. District Court for the district of Maryland. It also includes certificates of arrival, oaths of allegiance, and declarations of intention to naturalize. The collection corresponds to NARA publication M1640: Naturalization Petitions of the US District Court for the District of Maryland, 1906-1931. Index provided by Fold3.com.  
  
The index is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.  
+
The card index is arranged alphabetically by surname. It is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
+
The naturalization volumes vary in size and format. Prior to 1906, each document was usually handwritten on one page. From the late 1800s and on, printed forms were used. After 1906, many entries were typewritten. While there were various types of naturalization records, the Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petition usually had the most complete genealogical information. The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship.
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
+
Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen. No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).  
  
{{Collection citation | text= "Maryland, Naturalization Petitions 1906-1931" Index. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing "Naturalization Petitions of the US District Court for the District of Maryland, 1906-1930." <i>Fold3.com</i>. http://www.fold3.com : n.d.}}
+
Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters. Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. New York’s counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.
  
== Record Content ==
+
===To Browse This Collection===
 +
{{Tip|This collection contains searchable content in the NARA Catalog.  They can be accessed by clicking on the National Archives identifier in the Record Description. Once inside the Catalog, click on the "Search Within This Series".}}
  
 +
== What Can These Records Tell Me? ==
 
Cards contain only the following information:  
 
Cards contain only the following information:  
  
Line 40: Line 79:
 
*Volume and page number of the petition
 
*Volume and page number of the petition
  
Cards may include the following additional information:  
+
'''Cards''' may include the following additional information:  
  
 
*Declaration number  
 
*Declaration number  
Line 48: Line 87:
 
*Date of issuance
 
*Date of issuance
  
A Declaration of Intent and Naturalization includes the following:  
+
A Declaration of Intent and '''Naturalization''' includes the following:  
  
 
*Date of Declaration of Intent  
 
*Date of Declaration of Intent  
Line 63: Line 102:
 
*Name and signature of court official
 
*Name and signature of court official
  
Petitions for Naturalization may include the following:  
+
Petitions for '''Naturalization''' may include the following:  
  
 
*Name of petitioner  
 
*Name of petitioner  
Line 76: Line 115:
 
*Names of witnesses
 
*Names of witnesses
  
== How to Use the Record  ==
+
== How Do I Search This Collection? ==
 +
You can search the index or view the images or both. To begin your search, it is helpful to know:
 +
*The name of your ancestor
 +
*The approximate date and place of naturalization
  
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the card index. Name indexes make it possible to access a specific record quickly. Check the index for the surname and then the given name. You may need to look at many cards to find the one you are seeking. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.  
+
If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.  
  
When searching the index it is helpful to know the following:  
+
=== Search the Index ===
 +
Search by name by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1854313 Collection Page].
 +
#Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
 +
#Click '''Search''' to show possible matches
  
*The full name of your ancestor
+
=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===
*The approximate immigration and naturalization dates
+
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.
*The ancestor’s residence
 
  
If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.
 
  
Use the locator information found in the index (such as name of court, page, entry, or certificate number) to locate your ancestors in the records. Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.
 
  
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.  
+
{{Tip | More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1854313 Maryland, naturalization petitions, 1906-1931]. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.}}
  
For example, you can use naturalization records to:
+
==What Do I Do Next?==
 
+
=== I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now? ===
*Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
+
*Use the information to find other records such as emigrations, port records, and ship’s manifests.
*Confirm their date of arrival
+
*Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts. An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.
 
*Learn foreign and “Americanized” names  
 
*Learn foreign and “Americanized” names  
*Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests
+
*Learn the place of origin and find church and vital records such as birth, baptism, marriage, and death records.  Also search for military, land and probate records.
 
+
*Use the information to find additional family members in censuses.  
You may also find these tips helpful:
+
*Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.  
 
+
*[[Maryland Church Records| Church Records]] often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.
*Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.  
 
*An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.  
 
*If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.
 
*Continue to search the naturalization records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have naturalized in the same area or nearby.
 
*The witnesses named on naturalization records may have been older relatives of the person in the naturalization process. Search for their naturalizations.  
 
*You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
 
 
 
If you do not find the name you are looking for, try the following:
 
 
 
*Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.
 
*Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the naturalization records year by year.
 
*Search the indexes of nearby counties.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
  
[http://guide.mdsa.net/viewer.cfm?page=naturalization Maryland State Archives]  
+
=== I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now? === 
 +
*Try viewing the original record. Indexes and transcriptions may not include all the data found in the original records. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relatives that can be verified by records.
 +
*If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search. 
 +
*Try variant spellings of your ancestor’s name.
 +
*Remember that sometimes individuals went by [http://usgenweb.org/research/nicknames.html nicknames] or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for [http://genealogy.about.com/od/first_names/fl/nickname-given-name-equivalents.htm these names] as well. 
 +
*Search the indexes and records of [[Maryland, United States Genealogy]].
 +
*Search in the [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=348&query=%2Bplace%3A%22United%20States%2C%20Maryland%22%20%2Bkeywords%3Anaturalization FamilySearch Library Catalog]
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
== Citing This Collection ==
  
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Maryland Maryland]
+
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
*[[Maryland Naturalization and Citizenship|Maryland Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
;Collection Citation:
  
{{Contributor invite}}  
+
{{Collection_citation | text="Maryland Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1931." Database. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. From "Naturalization Petitions of the US District Court for the District of Maryland, 1906-1930." Database. <i>Fold3.com</i>. http://www.fold3.com : n.d. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1640. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.
 +
}}
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
{{Record_Citation}}
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
'''[[#top|Top of Page]]'''
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
[[Category:Maryland|Naturalization]]
+
{{Contributor invite}}
 +
[[Category:NARA_Naturalization_and_Citizenship_Records]]
 +
[[Category:United States FamilySearch Historical Records]]

Latest revision as of 16:36, 8 November 2017

United States
Maryland
Access the Records
Maryland Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1931 .
CID1854313
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Maryland, United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Type Naturalization Petitions
Record Group RG 21: Records of District Courts of the United States
Collection years 1906-1931
Microfilm Publication M1640. Naturalization Petitions of the U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland,1906-1930. 43 rolls.
Arrangement Numerical by petition number
National Archives Identifier 654310
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in This Collection?

The collection consists of approximately 13,800 naturalization petitions filed in the U.S. District Court for the district of Maryland. It also includes certificates of arrival, oaths of allegiance, and declarations of intention to naturalize. The collection corresponds to NARA publication M1640: Naturalization Petitions of the US District Court for the District of Maryland, 1906-1931. Index provided by Fold3.com.

The card index is arranged alphabetically by surname. It is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.

The naturalization volumes vary in size and format. Prior to 1906, each document was usually handwritten on one page. From the late 1800s and on, printed forms were used. After 1906, many entries were typewritten. While there were various types of naturalization records, the Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petition usually had the most complete genealogical information. The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship.

Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen. No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).

Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters. Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. New York’s counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.

To Browse This Collection

What Can These Records Tell Me?

Cards contain only the following information:

  • Petition number
  • Date of petition
  • Volume and page number of the petition

Cards may include the following additional information:

  • Declaration number
  • Date of declaration
  • Volume and page number of the declaration
  • Certification number
  • Date of issuance

A Declaration of Intent and Naturalization includes the following:

  • Date of Declaration of Intent
  • Full name and age of declarant
  • Date and place of birth
  • Current residence
  • Date of arrival and port of entry, including name of ship
  • Occupation and race
  • Physical description
  • Last foreign residence
  • Marital status
  • Spouse's name with date and place of birth
  • Names of witnesses
  • Name and signature of court official

Petitions for Naturalization may include the following:

  • Name of petitioner
  • Current residence and occupation
  • Birth date and place of petitioner
  • Date and place of emigration
  • Date and port of entry in U. S. including name of ship
  • Marital status
  • Wife's maiden name
  • Number of children
  • Birth date and place of spouse
  • Names of witnesses

How Do I Search This Collection?

You can search the index or view the images or both. To begin your search, it is helpful to know:

  • The name of your ancestor
  • The approximate date and place of naturalization

If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.

  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.


What Do I Do Next?

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • Use the information to find other records such as emigrations, port records, and ship’s manifests.
  • Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts. An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.
  • Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
  • Learn the place of origin and find church and vital records such as birth, baptism, marriage, and death records. Also search for military, land and probate records.
  • Use the information to find additional family members in censuses.
  • Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
  • Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?

  • Try viewing the original record. Indexes and transcriptions may not include all the data found in the original records. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relatives that can be verified by records.
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search.
  • Try variant spellings of your ancestor’s name.
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
  • Search the indexes and records of Maryland, United States Genealogy.
  • Search in the FamilySearch Library Catalog

Citing This Collection

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation
"Maryland Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1931." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. From "Naturalization Petitions of the US District Court for the District of Maryland, 1906-1930." Database. Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : n.d. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1640. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.
Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record.

Top of Page

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.