Marshall County, Illinois Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png IllinoisGotoarrow.png Marshall County

Guide to Marshall County Illinois genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Illinois
Online Records

Marshall County, Illinois
Boundary map of Marshall County, Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Location of Illinois in the U.S.
Founded: January 19, 1839
County Seat Lacon
Marshall County Courthouse.gif
Photo courtesy Illinois Regional Archives Depository, Illinois State Archives
Address Marshall County Courthouse
122 N. Prairie
Lacon, Illinois 61540
(309) 246-6325
Marshall County Website


Marshall County Organization

Marshall County's civil records start the following years:

                                     Beginning Dates for Marshall County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Marshall County are kept, see the Marshall County Courthouse page.

Historical Facts

John Marshall.JPG
The county was named for John Marshall, a soldier of the Revolution, Statesman, author and jurist, Ambassador to France, Representative in Congress from Virginia, Secretary of State and Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court.

Parent County

  • 1839--Marshall County was created 19 January 1839 from Putnam County.  County seat:  Lacon [1]

Boundary Changes

1825-1839 Putnam
1827-1827 Peoria
1823-1825 Fulton
1821-1823 Sangamon
1817-1821 Bond
1812-1821 Madison
1801-1812 St. Clair
1795-1901 Knox, Northwest Territory

See an interactive map of Marshall County boundary changes.

Record Loss

Records and Resources


Marshcall County Biography Bibliography  (WorldCat)


Illinois cemetery records often identify birth, death, relationship, and military information, as well as religious affiliation.

  • Find A Grave can be searched by the name of a person or family to find where a person is buried.  Usually gives birth and death dates often with a picture of the tombstone.  May give obituaries, names of family members and links to their information in Find A Grave.
  • Marshall County, Illinois Cemeteries. by James E. Fairbanks FHL Collection item 5


Historical populations
Census Pop.
IL Counties 1900-1990

Church Records

Court Records

Original court records are held in the office of the Circuit Court Clerk. See Illinois Court Records for more information about using court records.

Ethnic Research

African American

The following have information concerning African American research.

Land and Property

Original land records are held in the office of the County Clerk . See Illinois Land and Property for more information about using land records.

Local Histories


Military Records

For information about using Military records see Illinois Military Records

Veteran's Honor Roll    ( Illinois Ancestors ) This site list the names alphabetically of the individual, war, rank, branch, unit, death date, and cemetery

War of 1812

Military Land Grants in Marshall County Illinois for Soldiers of the War of 1812 - USGenWeb

Blackhawk War

Captain Robert Barnes' Company - USGenWeb

Civil War

Civil War service men from Marshall County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Marshall County.


- Springfield Light Battery


- 11th Regiment, Illinois Infantry (3 months), Company B
- 11th Regiment, Illinois Infantry (3 years) Company B, and Company I
- 17th Regiment, Illinois Infantry  Company B
- 18th (Reorganized) Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company K
- 44th_Regiment,_Illinois_Infantry, Company C
- 47th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company D, and Company G
- 47th (Consolidated) Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company I
- 53rd_Regiment,_Illinois_Infantry, Company H.
- 65th Regiment, Illinois Infantry (2nd Scotch Regiment Cameron's Highlanders), Company C.
- 77th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company D.
- 86th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company B, and  Company E.
- 138th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company K

  • 1861-1862 Militia Rolls IRAD-ISU

World War I

World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 Ancestry

World War II

Army Casualties   U.S National Archives and Records Administration


Original naturalization records are held in the office of the County Clerk. See Illinois Naturalization Records for more information about using naturalization records.


Probate Records

Original estates and wills are held in the office of the Circuit Court Clerk. See Illinois Probate Records for more information about using probate records.


IRAD is a system of Illinois Regional Archives Depositories managed by the Illinois State Archives, housing the archival records of local Illinois counties, townships, municipalities and school districts. The seven Regional Depositories are housed on state university campuses scattered throughout Illinois. Illinois State University houses the records for Marshall County.

County Courthouse

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Marshall County are kept, see the Marshall County Courthouse page.

Family History Center

Family History Centers (FHCs) are branches of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah (United States) and are located all over the world. Their goal is to provide resources to assist you in the research and study of your genealogy. Currently there are no Family History Centers located directly in Marshall County.

You may search your address for a center near you on the FamilySearch site. The following centers are located in surrounding counties. Their wiki pages may supply hours and other information.

Find a Family History Center

Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)

Illinois State University (ISU)
2016 Warehouse Road Campus
Box 1520
Normal, Illinois 61802
Phone: 1-309-452-6027

Illinois Regional Archives Depository System - Local Governmental Records Listings Arranged by County

Public Libraries

Public Libraries in Marshall County

Social Groups Online



Vital Records

See Illinois Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Illinois.

[1] Order Birth and Death Certificates Online


1878- Present - The original Marshall County birth records are at the County office. The following records are available:

1878-1914 Birth Certificates - IRAD-ISU


1839-Present - the original Marshall County marriage records are at the County office. The following records are available:

1839-1921 Marraige Licenses - IRAD-ISU


1877-Present - The original Marshall County death records are at the County office. The following records are available:

1877-1914 Death Certificates - IRAD-ISU

1877-1914 Death Certificates, Stillbirth -IRAD-ISU

1874-1888 Coroner's Inquest Record - IRAD-ISU

Places / Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Web Sites

Databases Pertinent to Marshall County
Local Governmental Records Database
Name Index to Illinois Local Governments
Illinois Statewide Marriage Index
Illinois Statewide Death Index, 1916–1950
Illinois Public Domain Land Tract Sales Database
Federal Township Plats of Illinois


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), 196. (FHL Collection Ref Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.