Marion County, Missouri Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png Missouri Gotoarrow.png Marion County

Guide to Marion County Missouri genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Missouri
Online Records

Marion County, Missouri
Map of the U.S. highlighting Missouri
Location of Missouri in the U.S.
Founded December 14, 1822
County Seat Palmyra
Address Marion County Courthouse
100 S Main Street
Palmyra, MO 63461
Phone: 573.769.2549
Marion County Website

County Courthouse


Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce, court
and land records from 1827 and military discharge
records; Probate Court has probate records[1]


Francis Marion.JPG

The county is named after "The Swamp Fox" Revolutionary War Brigadier General Francis Marion (c1732-1795).[2]

Parent County

1822--Marion County was created 14 December 1822 from Ralls County. County seat: Palmyra [3]

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Marion County border changes at N2Genealogy.

Record Loss


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties




Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Missouri denominations, view the Missouri Church Records wiki page.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • Hannibal

New Providence Presbyterian Church, Round Grove Township

  • 1834-1859 - New Providence Presbyterian Church, Round Grove Township Baptism Index 1834-1859. Batch C535261 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
  • 1835-1849 - New Providence Presbyterian Church, Round Grove Township Marriage Index 1835-1849. Batch M535261 at FamilySearch - free.[4]



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Marion County, Missouri Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Missouri Local Histories.





Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Marion County, Missouri Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.

  • 1849-1872 - Marion County Birth Index 1849-1872. Batch C515412 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
  • 1866 - Marion County Birth Index 1866. Batch C515411 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
  • 1883-1886 - Marion County Birth Index 1883-1886. Batch C515417 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
  • 1883-1887 - Marion County Birth Index 1883-1887. Batch C515416 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
  • 1827-1871 - Marion County Marriage Books A thru 3 Index 1827-1871. Batch M515411 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
  • 1868-1881 - Marion County Marriage Books 4 and 5 Index 1868-1881. Batch M515412 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
  • 1881-1885 - Marion County Marriage Books 6 and 7 Index 1881-1885. Batch M515413 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
  • Missouri State Archives provides on-line access to Missouri Death Certificates more than 50 yrs old starting in 1910.
  • 1883-1887 - Marion County Death Index 1883-1887. Batch B515418 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
  • 1883-1928 - Marion County Death Index 1883-1928. Batch B515414 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
  • 1928 - Marion County Death Index 1928. Batch B515415 at FamilySearch - free.[4]

Societies and Libraries


Hannibal Free Public Library
200 South Fifth Street
Hanniba, Marion County, MO 63401
Phone: (573) 221-0222

Historical Society

Marion County (Missouri) Historical Society
Historical Society Facebook Page
History Museum Website:

Family History Centers

Web Sites

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Family History Library Catalog


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Marion County, Missouri. Page 402 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. "Francis Marion," Wikipedia.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at