Maine Military Records
Many military records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. United States Military Records provides more information about the federal records.
Because Maine was under Massachusetts' jurisdiction until 1820, soldiers may be listed in Massachusetts military records, especially during the many colonial wars. See Massachusetts Military Records for additional suggestions. For specific Maine sources see the following:
- Fort Charles
- Fort Edgecombe
- Fort Fairfield 1841-43
- Fort Foster
- Fort Halifax
- Hancock Barraks 1828-45
- Fort Kent 1841-45
- Fort Loyal
- Fort McClary
- Fort O'brien
- Fort Pownal
- Fort Preble 1808-
- Fort St. George
- Fort Sullivan 1808-73
- Old Fort Western
Revolutionary War (1775-1783)
A man born between 1730 and 1765 who lived in Maine is probably listed in some form of military record. If he supported the Revolution, he may be mentioned in records as a rebel, patriot, or Whig. Those who opposed the Revolution were Loyalists or Tories. For patriot records of the Revolutionary War see:
- White, Virgil D. Genealogical Abstracts of the Revolutionary War Pension Files. Four Volumes. Waynesboro, Tennessee: National Historical Publishing, 1990. (Family History Library book 973 M28g.) This work may include the soldier's name, unit, service and application dates and places, age, birth date, marriage date, residences, and names of relatives. These abstracts are mainly from:
- United States. Veterans Administration. Selected Records from Revolutionary War Pension & Bounty-Land-Warrant Application Files. (Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1969; Family History Library films 840256-406.)
- United States. Veterans Administration. Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land-Warrant Application Files. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1969. (Family History Library films 970001-2670.) This contains 80,000 complete pension files arranged alphabetically by surname.
- White, Virgil D. Index to Revolutionary War Service Records. Four Volumes. Waynesboro, Tennessee: National Historical Publishing, 1995. (Family History Library book 973 M22wv.) This work shows the name, rank, and unit of over 390,000 patriots. It mostly consists of transcripts of:
- United States. Adjutant General's Office. General Index to Compiled Military Service Records of Revolutionary War Soldiers. (Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1942; Family History Library film 882841-98.)
The service records and pension files for Revolutionary War patriots are available at the Family History Library. For more information, see Revolutionary War, 1775 to 1783. You can also use NATF From 80 to obtain copies of some records fromt he National Archives for a fee.
A published list of Maine soldiers with genealogical information is:
- Fisher, Carleton E., and Sue G. Fisher. Soldiers, Sailors, and Patriots of the Revolutionary War, Maine. Louisville, Kentucky: National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution, 1982. (Family History Library book 974.1 M2f.)
You can find published pension and bounty land lists in:
- Flagg, Charles A. An Alphabetical Index of Revolutionary Pensioners Living in Maine. 1920. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1967. (Family History Library book 974.1 M22f.) This work list indicates name, service, rank, age, and county and contains brief information such as residence or death.
- House, Charles J. Names of Soldiers of the American Revolution Who Applied for State Bounty. 1893. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1967 (see [[Maine Land and Property).
For cemetery records of soldiers who fought in the Revolutionary War (see Maine Cemeteries).
The 1835 Pension Roll
On June 5, 1834, the U.S. Senate required the Secretary of War to submit a statement showing the names of pensioners who were on the pension rolls or had previously been on the pension rolls. For more information on the 1835 Pension Roll see Revolutionary War Pension Records. The pension Roll for Maine is available online.
- Maine Pensioners, 1835 (Ancestry) ($)
- The Pension Roll of 1835, Vol. I (Ancestry) ($)
- Report from the Secretary of War... Vol. I (Google Books)
- Revolutionary War Pension Rolls (MaineGenealogy.net)
War of 1812 (1812-1815)
The Family History Library has copies of the National Archives indexes to service and pension records for the War of 1812.
United States. Adjutant General's Office. Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers who Served during the War of 1812. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1965. (Family History Library films 882519-752.) This index includes soldier's name, rank, and regiment.
United States. Veterans Administration. Index to War of 1812 Pension Application Files. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1960. (On 102 Family History Library films starting at 840431.) This index may have name of soldier, dates of enlistment and discharge, pension and bounty land numbers, residence of soldier or widow, maiden name of widow, date and place of marriage, date and death place of soldier, date of death of widow.
For a published index of men who served in the War of 1812 see:
White, Virgil D. Index to War of 1812 Pension Files. Two volumes. Waynesboro, Tennessee: National Historical Publishing Company, 1992. (Family History Library book 973 M22i 1992.) This index is arranged alphabetically. Applications are based on service between 1812 and 1815. Also listed in the index are the Bounty Land Warrants for which no pension application was made. There is a cross-reference to the wives, widows and other family members.
Civil War (1861-1865)Maine in the Civil War
The above Wiki page gives information about Maine Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the Maine regiments involved in the Civil War. The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.
The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.
Spanish-American War (1898)
The Family History Library also has copies of the National Archives indexes to service and pension records for the Spanish-American War. See:
United States. Adjutant General's Office. General Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served During the War with Spain. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1971. (Family History Library films 1002433-558.)
The Maine State Archives also has records for the Spanish-American war.
World War I (1917-1918)
A published roster of soldiers that provides birth dates, birthplaces, and residences is:
- Maine. Adjutant General. Roster of Maine in the Military Service of the United States and Allies in the World War, 1917-1919. Two Volumes. Augusta, Maine: [Published under the direction of James W. Hanson, the Adjutant General], 1929. (Family History LibraryL book 974.1 M2ma; Volume 1 film 1036025; Volume 2 film 1036049 item 1.) The information is alphabetical.
Other records for Maine soldiers are in:
- Maine. Adjutant General. Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Maine for the Period of the World War, 1917-1919. Augusta, Maine: Published under the direction of James W. Hanson, the Adjutant General, 1929. (Family History Library book974.1 M2mar.)
United States. Selective Service System. Maine, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1987-1988. (On 29 Family HistoryLibrary films starting with 1653898) These cards have been digitized and are searchable online. See WWI Draft Records for more information.
World War II (1941-1945)
An alphabetical list of soldiers from Maine who died in World War II is:
Maine. Division of Vital Statistics. Deaths of World War II Veterans of Maine. Salt Lake City: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1954. (Family History Library film 010216.) This lists the soldier's date and place of death and may also include the place of residence in Maine, marital status, date and place of birth, occupation, and parents' names. It is arranged alphabetically.
Additional Military Records
Major collections of veterans' cemetery records are described in Maine Cemeteries.
A published roster of soldiers who served in the Aroostook War (1839) is:
Aroostook War: Historical Sketch and Roster of Commissioned Officers and Enlisted Men. . . .Augusta, Maine: Kennebec Journal Print, 1904. (Family History Library book 974.1 M2a.)
A wiki article descrbing online collection is found at:
Maine Research Outline. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.
- NOTE: All of the information from the original research outline has been imported into this Wiki site and is being updated as time permits.