Lucas County, Iowa Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png Iowa Gotoarrow.png Lucas County

Guide to Lucas County Iowa genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Iowa
Online Records

Lucas County, Iowa
Map of Iowa highlighting Lucas County
Location in the state of Iowa
Map of the U.S. highlighting Iowa
Location of Iowa in the U.S.
Founded January 13, 1846
County Seat Chariton

County Courthouse


Parent County

1846--Lucas County was created 13 January 1846 from unorganized territory. It was attached to Monroe County prior to organization 4 July 1849. County seat:  Chariton [1]

Boundary Changes

Lucas County was five townships wide from east to west when it was created, but in 1847 it shrank to four townships across. The western border shifted six miles east to its present position, while the other borders were unchanged (and so they are today).[2]

Record Loss


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Appanoose | Clarke | Decatur | Marion | Monroe | Warren | Wayne




Most church records are held by individual churches. For contact information, check a phone directory, such as SearchBug or Dex Knows. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Iowa Church Records.



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Iowa Land and Property for additional information about early Iowa land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Lucas County, Iowa Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Iowa Local Histories.

The History of Lucas County, Iowa: containing a history of the county, its cities, towns, etc (1881) is available free online from Google Books.




Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Lucas County, Iowa Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


In most counties in Iowa, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Iowa - Lucas - Probate records.


Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Iowa Department of Public Health or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. See also How to order Iowa Vital Records or order electronically online.

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Web Sites


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. "Iowa County Formation Maps"; interactive map of county formation and organization (select 1848). Online at