Louisiana Military Records
The U.S. Military Records Research Outline (34118) provides more information on federal military records and search strategies. Many military records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. The United States Research Outline provides more information on federal records. For Louisiana the following are among the many sources at the Family History Library:
Colonial Wars (1787-1794)
Spanish military records are on Family History Library film 1156353. Published sources include a list of men serving in the militia, found in Winston DeVille, Louisiana Troops, 1720-1770 (Fort Worth: American Reference Publishers, 1965; Family History Library book 976.3 M2dv).
War of 1812 (1812-1815)
An alphabetical list of soldiers, their rank, and their company is in Marion J. Pierson, Louisiana Soldiers in the War of 1812 (N.p.: Louisiana Genealogical and Historical Society, 1963; Family History Library book 976.3 M23p).
Troop rosters are in Powell A. Casey, Louisiana in the War of 1812 (Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Casey, 1963; Family History Library book 976.3 M2c).
An index to compiled service records of Louisiana soldiers who served in the War of 1812 is on Family History Libraryfilms 880010-12. The service records and pension files are at the National Archives.
Indexes to compiled service records of Louisiana soldiers in the Florida War of 1836 and the War of 1837 to 1838 are on Family History Library film 880843.
Mexican War (1846-1848)
An index to compiled service records is on Family History Library films 1205336-57. The service records have not been filmed and are available at the National Archives.
Civil War (1861-1865)
Louisiana soldiers served in both the Union and the Confederate armies. Indexes to the service records and the compiled Confederate service records are at the Family History Library. The service records for both armies are at the National Archives.
The Louisiana State Archives Library has posted an online Confederate pension index . The Family History Library collection holds an index to Confederate application records for pensions 1898-1944. (Family History Libraryfilms 1412743 Items 3-6 and 1412744 Item 1) A record of pensioners 1889-1940 contains abstracted information and may include name, residence, company or regiment, date, place and nature of wound received, disability, where and when paroled or discharged, if discharged where remaining until surrender, cause of death of widow's husband, where and when died, date of granting pension, monthly amount, and date of application. (Family History Library films 1412742 Item 1 and 1412743 Items 1-2) The Family History Library collection also holds a group widows' applications, consisting mainly of letters concerning their applications dated 1912-1936. (Family History Library film 1704156 Item 17). Copies of Confederate pension applications can be ordered from the Louisiana State Archives. Union army pensions are available at the National Archives.
In 1911 a special census was taken of Confederate veterans or their widows. The census is arranged alphabetically by parish and is onFamily History Library film 483489 and 1704157 item 14. The original census and similar records are at the New Orleans Public Library.
Civil War Pension Index Cards - A free Internet index to pension applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch Record Search. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. Other wars, of that time period, may be included.
The following books also list names of veterans:
Booth, Andrew B. Records of Louisiana Confederate Soldiers and Louisiana Confederate Commands. 3 vols. New Orleans, Louisiana: N.p., 1920. (Family History Library films 1305383 item 10, 1305383-85)
Bartlett, Napier. Military Record of Louisiana: Including Biographical and Historical Papers Relating to the Military Organizations of the State. 1875. Reprint. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1964. (976.3 M2b)
Southern Claims Commission. If a Union sympathizer in Louisiana claimed a loss during the Civil War due to Union military confiscation, he could apply to the Southern Claims Commission for reimbursement. Only a few applied per county, but their neighbors were called as witnesses and asked dozens of questions. Hundreds of the residents of all kinds in a parish may be mentioned in answers to Commission questions, and their wartime activities described. To learn how to find records mentioning these neighbors in Louisiana parishes during the Civil War see the Southern Claims Commission.
Spanish-American War (1898)
An index to service records of Louisiana soldiers in the War with Spain is on Family History Library film 880013. The service records are at the National Archives.
World War I (1917-1918)
World War I draft registration cards for men ages 18 to 45 may list address, birth date, birthplace, race, nationality, citizenship, and next of kin. Not all registrants served in the war. For registration cards for Louisiana, see:
United States Selective Service System, Louisiana. World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M1509. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1987-1988. (On Family History Library films beginning with 1653576)
To find an individual's draft card, it helps to know his name and residence at the time of registration. The cards are arranged alphabetically by county, within the county by draft board, and then alphabetically by surname within each draft board. Most counties had only one board; large cities had several. A map showing the boundaries of individual draft boards is available for most large cities. Finding an ancestor's street address in a city directory will help you in using the draft board map. There is an alphabetical list of cities that are on the map. For a copy of this map see:
United States Selective Service System. List of World War One Draft Board Maps. Washington, DC: National Archives. (Family History Library film 1498803.)
Civil War Forts: Banks, Beauregard, Berwick, Bisland, Brashier, Buchanan, Buhlow, De Russey, Morganzq, Plaquemine, Randolph, Shreveport
Adaes, Presidio De Nuestra Senora Del Pilar De Los-- 1721-1772
Baton Rouge Barracks -- Textual records of this fort, 1822-1879, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
Jackson Barracks -- Textual records of this fort, 1850-1920, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
Fort Jackson and St. Philip -- Textual records of this fort, 1862-1872, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
Fort Pike 1816-1871
Fort Livingston -- 1814-1893
Fort Mcomb 1827-67
Post of New Orleans -- Textual records of this post, 1824-1887, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
Fort St. Jean Baptiste -- 1715-1819
Fort Saint Pierre
The Adjutant General's Office (Building 53, Jackson Barracks Military Library, New Orleans, LA 70146-0330, Telephone: 504-278-8241) has records of state military units from the late 1700s to the present and twentieth century service files, but not federal records.
Louisiana Research Outline. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.