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Louisa County, Virginia Genealogy

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Guide to Louisa County Virginia ancestry, family history, and genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.


Louisa County, Virginia
Boundary map of Louisa County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Louisa County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Founded 1742
County Seat Louisa

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Louisa County is located in the Central portion of the Commonwealth of Virginia and was named in honor of Princess Louisa, daughter of King George II and Queen Caroline of England[1].

Louisa County, Virginia Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Louisa County Courthouse
P O Box 37
Louisa, Virginia 23093-0160
Phone: 540-967-5312

Clerk Circuit Court has birth records 1867-1896,
marriage, divorce and probate records from
1742 and land records[2]

Beginning Dates for Louisa County, Virginia Genealogy Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1766 1853 1800 1742 1745

Louisa County, Virginia History[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1742--Louisa County was created 6 May 1742 from Hanover County.
County seat: Louisa [3]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Virginia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Virginia County Boundary Maps" (1617-1995) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

Order books before 1761 (with the exception of 1742-1748) have been lost.

Lost censuses: 1790, 1810, 1890

Col. Bell discovered some important facts for genealogists about records kept in the mid 1700s:

  • Bell, John C. "Louisa County Records: Some Effects of Clerk James Littlepage's Succession by John Nelson," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 29, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1985):163-174. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 29 (1985).
  • Bell, John C. Louisa County Records You Probably Never Saw of 18th Century Virginia. Nashville, Tenn., 1983.

Louisa County, Virginia Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Getting Started[edit | edit source]

VAGenWeb's free Louisa County Master Index is an excellent place to start searches for your Louisa County ancestors.

African American[edit | edit source]

In 1860, Louisa County had one of the largest slave population in the state (10,194 slaves). Ten years later in 1870, it had one of the largest African American populations in Virginia (10,063).[4]

  • Virginia, Freedmen's Bureau Letters or Correspondence, 1865-18721
  • Abercrombie, Janice Luck. Free Blacks of Louisa County, Virginia. Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1994. FHL 975.5465 F2a Contains bonds, 1754-1766; list of free negroes and mulattoes, [date not given]; list of free negroes and mulattoes, 1816-1865; free negroes between 21 and 55 years of age, 1850; and will, deed and other records, 1787-1870.
  • Heinegg, Paul. "Louisa County Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1814," Free African [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • Kegley, Mary B. Free People of Colour: Free Negroes, Indians, Portuguese and Freed Slaves. Wytheville, Virginia: Kegley Books, 2003. Available at FHL; digital version at FamilySearch Books Online . [Includes information from Louisa County.]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
VAGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
VAGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Virginia Gravestones
Billion Graves
See Virginia Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

The 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 censuses are available online. For tips on accessing Louisa County, Virginia Genealogy census records online, see: Virginia Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 8,467
1800 11,892 40.5%
1810 11,900 0.1%
1820 13,746 15.5%
1830 16,151 17.5%
1840 15,433 −4.4%
1850 16,691 8.2%
1860 16,701 0.1%
1870 16,332 −2.2%
1880 18,942 16.0%
1890 16,997 −10.3%
1900 16,517 −2.8%
1910 16,578 0.4%
1920 17,089 3.1%
1930 14,309 −16.3%
1940 13,665 −4.5%
1950 12,826 −6.1%
1960 12,959 1.0%
1970 14,004 8.1%
1980 17,825 27.3%
1990 20,325 14.0%
2000 25,627 26.1%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.

1782 - Exists. Available in print:

  • Davis, Rosalie Edith Davis. Louisa County, Virginia, Tithables and Census, 1743-1785. Manchester, Missouri: Heritage Trails, 1981. Available at FHL. [Includes 1782 Census of Louisa County, Virginia.]

1790 - Lost, but a subsitute is available, see Taxation.

1800 - Exists, but it is not included in Ancestry or Heritage Quest Online databases. A subsitute is also available, see Taxation.

1810 - Lost, but a subsitute is available, see Taxation.


  • Hiatt, Marty and Craig Roberts Scott. Louisa County, Virginia 1850 Federal Census. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1995. Available at FHL.

1890 Union Veterans

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Baptist[edit | edit source]

Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. Bera (1791). A history has been published: Louisa County Historical Magazine, Vol. 34, No. 1 (Spring 2003).
  2. Little River (1774).[5] A history has been published: Louisa County Historical Magazine, Vol. 23, No. 2 (Fall 1992) and Vol. 24, No. 1 (Spring 1993).
  3. Louisa (1770).[6]
  4. Roundabout (1791)[5]
  5. Scarrot's (1777)[5]. A history has been published: Louisa County Historical Magazine, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Spring 1989).
  6. Thompson's, or Goldmine aka Gold Mine (1770).[5] A history has been published: Louisa County Historical Magazine, Vol. 5, No. 1 (Summer 1973).
  7. Williams (by 1778).[5]

The 10,000 name petition (dated 16 October 1776) has been digitized at the Library of Congress website. It was signed by people from all over Virginia who wanted an end to persecution of Baptists by the Established Church. Baptists and Baptist sympathizers alike signed the petition. To find your ancestor in this record, first check Hall's transcription in the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy (Vols. 35-38, with annotations in Vol. 39), which is available online at Ancestry ($). It is also available in book form at the Family History Library: FHL Book 975.5 B2vs v. 35-39. Then proceed to the Library of Congress website to see the original images.

Louisa County fell within the bounds of the Goshen Association.

Church of England[edit | edit source]

Gotoarrow.png See also Fredericksville Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also St. Martin's Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Trinity Parish

Meade's 1861 history of parishes in Louisa County is available online.[7]

Quaker[edit | edit source]

Early monthly meetings (with years of existence):

In the 1700s and 1800s, Friends from Louisa County, Virginia Genealogy also attended the Cedar Creek Meeting House in Hanover County, Virginia.[10]

Court[edit | edit source]

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

More than 175 genealogies have been published about Louisa County families. To view a list, visit Louisa County, Virginia Compiled Genealogies.

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Grants and Patents

Land patents (pre-1779), land grants (after 1779) and surveys are available online at the Library of Virginia website. For step-by-step instructions on retrieving these records, read the Virginia Land and Property article.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Maps[edit | edit source]

Orange CountySpotsylvania CountyHanover CountyGoochland CountyFluvanna CountyAlbemarle CountyVA LOUISA.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

French and Indian War[edit | edit source]
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Westmoreland County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Louisa County, see pp. 88, 111.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 M2c; Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Accomack County militia officers and soldiers; see place name index.]
Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Service men in Louisa County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Louisa County supplied soldiers for the:

- 3rd Virginia Regiment
- 14th Virginia Regiment

Additional resources:

Louisa residents' participation in the Revolutionary War.[11]

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital version at Google Books. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Louisa County on page 131.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Collection 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812[edit | edit source]

Louisa County men served in the 40th Regiment.[12]

  • Douthat, James L. Roster of War of 1812, Southside, Virginia. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 2007. Free online surname index and purchase details at Mountain Press website. FHL Collection 975.5 M2djL. [Includes Louisa County.]
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Louisa County, pp. 88-89. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
  • Militia records, Sept.-Dec. 1814; accounts, 1816-1822 Virginia Militia Regiment 40th (Louisa County), Virginia, Militia, Brigade, 3rd, Virginia Militia, Brigade, 4th  1 Microfilm, FHL Film 32234 Item 1
Civil War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Louisa County men most often served in regiments (and companies) from their home county. At times, however, individuals and small groups can be found serving in regiments from neighboring counties. Be advised that later in the war Confederate units often reorganized.

Men from Louisa County can be found in the following regiments:

- 13th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company D (The Louisa Blues).[13]
- 23rd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company A (Louisa Rifles), Company D (Louisa Grays), and Company G (Frederick's Hall Grays).[14]
- 44th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company D (Ambler Grays).[15]
- 56th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Companies C (Louisa Holiday Guards) and F (Louisa Nelson Grays).[16]

Records and histories are available, including:

Civil War Battle[edit | edit source]

The following Civil War battle was fought in Louisa County.

Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865

Miscellaneous Records[edit | edit source]

Naturalization[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Louisa County, Virginia Genealogy newspapers.

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Occupations[edit | edit source]

  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at FHL. [Includes a section on Louisa Court House silversmiths.]

Private Papers[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

How can Virginia tax lists help me? 

  • [1743-1785] Davis, Rosalie Edith Davis. Louisa County, Virginia, Tithables and Census, 1743-1785. Manchester, Missouri: Heritage Trails, 1981. Available at FHL.
  • [1767] Louisa County, Virginia 1767 Tithables & Census (partial) (VAGenWeb) - free.
  • [1769] Tax List, 1769, St. Martins Parish, Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Jan. 1976). Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($).
  • [1782-1800] Louisa County Personal Property Tax Lists 1782-1800 (images); digital version in Tax List Club at Binns Genealogy ($).
  • [1782] Fothergill, Augusta B. and John Mark Naugle. Virginia Tax Payers, 1782-87, Other Than Those Published by the United States Census Bureau. 1940; reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1978. Online at FamilySearch - free; FHL. [1782 personal property tax list of Louisa County.]
  • [1782] Tax Book, 1782, Louisa County Historical Magazine, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Jun. 1969).
  • [1782-1814] Heinegg, Paul. "Louisa County Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1814," Free African [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1783] - Personal Property (or Land) Tax List, 1783; index online at Revolutionary War Service website - free.
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Louisa County is included in Vol. 2.]
  • [1791] Indexed images of the 1791 Personal Property Tax List of Louisa County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1798] Images of the 1798 Personal Property Tax List of Louisa County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1800] Tax List, 1800, Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 37, No. 3 (Jul. 1993); Vol. 37, No. 4 (Oct. 1993); Vol. 38, No. 1 (Jan. 1994); Vol. 38, No. 2 (Apr. 1994). Available at FHL.
  • [1810] Schreiner-Yates, Netti. A Supplement to the 1810 Census of Virginia: Tax Lists of the Counties for which the Census is Missing. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1971. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is the 1810 personal property tax lists. Louisa County is included because the 1810 Census for that county has been destroyed.]
  • [1810] Personal Property Tax 1810, Genealogical Forum of Portland Oregon Bulletin, Vol. 15, No. 4 (Dec. 1965); Vol. 15, No. 5 (Jan. 1966); Vol. 15, No. 6 (Feb. 1966); Vol. 15, No. 7 (Mar. 1966).
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Louisa County is included in Vol. 1.]
  • [1890-1900] Mineral City Tax List, 1890-1900, Louisa County Historical Magazine, Vol. 21, No. 1 (Spring 1990).

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Indexes to Louisa County, Virginia Genealogy births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Birth[edit | edit source]
Marriage[edit | edit source]
Divorce[edit | edit source]
Death[edit | edit source]

Louisa County, Virginia Genealogy deaths are online in the Library of Virginia's Death Index of Virginia, 1853-1896, sponsored by The Virginia Genealogical Society.

Vital Record Substitutes[edit | edit source]

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available at FamilySearch. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.

Louisa County, Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Louisa County, Virginia Genealogy Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Louisa County, Virginia. Page 716 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Ninth Census of the United States: Statistics of Population, Tables I to VIII Inclusive (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1872), 70. Digital version at Internet Archive; FHL Book 973 X2pcu.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 186. Digital version at Google Books.
  6. Morgan Edwards, Materials Towards a History of the Baptists in the Provinces of Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia (1772), 93-94. Digitized by SCDL Collections - free.
  7. William Meade, Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia, 2 vols. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott and Co., 1861). Digital versions at Internet Archive: Vol. I and Vol. II.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Jay Worrall, The Friendly Virginians: America's First Quakers (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1994), 537-539. FHL Book 975.5 K2wj.
  9. William Wade Hinshaw, Thomas W. Marshall and John Cox, Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy (Ann Arbor, Mich.: Edwards Bros., 1950). Vol. 6. FHL Book 973 D2he 1993 v. 6.
  10. Mary Marshall Brewer, Quaker Records of Cedar Creek Monthly Meeting, Virginia, 1739-1793 (Lewes, De.: Colonial Roots, 2002), Introduction. FHL Book 975.5462 K2b.
  11. J.T. McAllister, Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War: McAllister's Data (Hot Springs, Va.: McAllister Pub. Co., 1913), 36-37. Digitized by Internet Archive.
  12. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 129. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  13. David F. Riggs, 13th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1988). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 49.
  14. Thomas M. Rankin, 23rd Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1985). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 14.
  15. Kevin C. Ruffner, 44th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1987). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 39.
  16. William A. Young Jr. and Patricia C. Young, 56th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1990). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 63.
  17. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 7 August 2012).