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Loudoun County, Virginia Genealogy

Guide to Loudoun County Virginia ancestry, family history, and genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.


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Loudoun County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Loudoun County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Loudoun County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded March 25, 1757
County Seat Leesburg
Courthouse
VirginiaLoudounCourthouse.jpg

 

County InformationEdit

DescriptionEdit

Loudoun County is located in the Northern portion of the Commonwealth of Virginia, shares a border with Maryland and is included in the Washington, DC Metropolitan area. The County is named for John Campbell, Fourth Earl of Loudoun, a Scottish nobleman who served as Commander-in-Chief for all British armed forces in North America and titular Governor of Virginia from 1756 to 1768[1].

Loudoun County, Virginia CourthouseEdit

Loudoun County Courthouse
18 East Market Street
Leesburg, VA 20176
Phone: 703-777-0270
Hours: Open 8:30 A.M. to 4:00 P.M. Monday through Friday
The Clerk's office is open 8:00 A.M. to 4:00 P.M.

Clerk Circuit Court has birth records 1853-1859, 1864-1866 -1869-1879
Death records 1853-1866, marriage records from 1793, divorce,
probate and land records from 1757, court records from 1858
and tithables 1758-1786[2]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1853 1793 1853 1858 1757 1757 1810
Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1912.
General compliance year is unknown.

Loudoun County, Virginia HistoryEdit

4th Earl of Loudoun
Loudoun County is named after Major General John Campbell, 4th Earl of Loudoun (1705-1782). Campbell, a Scottish nobleman, served as Governor General of Virginia (1756-1758) at the time Loudoun County was organized.[4] [5]

Parent CountyEdit

1757--Loudoun County was created 25 March 1757 from Fairfax County.[6]
County Seat: Leesburg

Boundary ChangesEdit

When Loudoun County was organized, the eastern border was Difficult Run. Officials moved the line further northwest to near Sugarland Run in 1798. The boundary, a straight line, does not follow the stream. This boundary change impacts genealogists, because this land and its occupants, which had originally belonged to Fairfax County, fell under the jurisdiction of Loudoun County for 40 years, from 1757 to 1798, after which time it went back to Fairfax County.[7]

For animated maps illustrating Virginia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Virginia County Boundary Maps" (1617-1995) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Variant SpellingsEdit

  • Loudon

Record LossEdit

Loudoun County has suffered some record loss. The following records cannot be found:

  1. Survey books.
  2. A few original wills.
  3. Pre-1793 marriage bonds (only "F" groom surname bonds survive). Ministers' returns can be used as a substitute for many of the marriages occurring between 1757 and 1793.
  4. One court minute/order book.[7]
  5. Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890

Loudoun County, Virginia Places/LocalitiesEdit

Populated PlacesEdit

Loudoun County, Virginia Populated Places identifies local towns and post offices.

Neighboring CountiesEdit

ResourcesEdit

Getting StartedEdit

Finding out if a genealogy has been published about your Loudoun County family is often a good first step. Many resources are easily available online, such as the census. After checking those sources, you might wish to examine vital records (births, marriages, and deaths), and land, and probate.

If you are researching families who lived in Loudoun County, Virginia between the 1750s and 1790s, the Sparacios' book indexes are a great time saver: Surname index of Antient Press publications

Research GuidesEdit

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Loudoun County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 16, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1972):126-129. FHL Collection; digital version at American Ancestors ($).
  • The WPA Survey for Loudoun County. Thomas Balch Library, Leesburg, Va.; microfilmed reproduction: FHL Collection

African AmericanEdit

Many resources relating to the free and enslaved black popluations of Loudoun County have been collected, indexed, and published to help genealogists trace their ancestors. Loudoun County, Virginia African Americans details these handy resources.

Freedmen's Bureau Letters or Correspondence, 1865-1872

Bible RecordsEdit

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:


CemeteriesEdit

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
VAGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
VAGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Virginia Gravestones
Billion Graves
See Virginia Cemeteries for more information.

Loudoun County's cemetery records have been thoroughly indexed and local volunteers are available to photograph tombstones. Loudoun County, Virginia Cemeteries aids researchers in accessing these resources.

CensusEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
179018,962
180020,5238.2%
181021,3384.0%
182022,7026.4%
183021,939−3.4%
184020,431−6.9%
185022,0798.1%
186021,774−1.4%
187020,929−3.9%
188023,63412.9%
189023,274−1.5%
190021,948−5.7%
191021,167−3.6%
192020,577−2.8%
193019,852−3.5%
194020,2912.2%
195021,1474.2%
196024,54916.1%
197037,15051.3%
198057,42754.6%
199086,12950.0%
2000169,59996.9%
Est. 2009301,17177.6%

For tips on accessing Loudoun County, Virginia Genealogy census records online, see: Virginia Census.

All extant Loudoun County, Virginia census records (population, mortality, and slave schedules) have been published and indexed and volunteers are available to do free lookups for most census years, see: Loudoun County, Virginia Census.

Church RecordsEdit

Many old Loudoun County church records survive. Select Baptist, Catholic, Church of England, Episcopal, German Reformed, Lutheran, Presyterian, and Quaker records have been abstracted and published, see the Loudoun County, Virginia Church page.

Gotoarrow.png See also Cameron Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Shelburne Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Truro Parish

CourtEdit

Abstracts of several of Loudoun County's courts have been published, including chancery court, county court, criminal cases, Dumfries district court, fee books, and loose papers. These resources are outlined on the Loudoun County, Virginia Court page.

DNAEdit

DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from more than 20 Loudoun County, Virginia historic families. DNA data helps to establish people's origins, kin, and dispersed descendants, see: Loudoun County, Virginia DNA.

GenealogyEdit

More than 450 genealogies have been published about Loudoun County families. To view a list, visit Loudoun County, Virginia Compiled Genealogies.

House HistoriesEdit

House histories have become a popular hobby. Learning about the inheritance of specific estates can aid genealogists in piecing together family trees. Loudoun County, Virginia House Histories points readers to such resources.

ImmigrationEdit

Land and Property
Edit

Loudoun County has a rich collection of land records. Many deeds, grants, land causes, patents, and superior court deeds have been published and indexed. Some finding aids are available online, while volunteers offer to make free lookups for others records. Loudoun County, Virginia Land assists researchers in locating finding aids and accessing the original records.

Law and LegislationEdit

Local HistoriesEdit

The History of Loudoun County, Virginia website includes many articles about Loudoun's past, including the following topics: African American chronology, Civil War, Colonial history, and Indians.

Other local histories include:

  • Divine, John, Brownen and Souders. When Waterford & I Were Young. Free Lookups Available!
  • Head, James W. History and Comprehensive Description of Loudoun County, Virginia. [Washington? District of Columbia]: Park View Press, 1908. FHL Collection; digital versions at Archive.org, Google Books, Heritage Quest Online ($), and World Vital Records ($).
  • "How Loudoun Fought an Epidemic in 1793," Loudoun: The 1757 Legacy, Newsletter of the Loudoun Genealogy Club, Vol. 10, No. 4 (Dec. 2002):1-2. FHL Collection
  • Nichols, Joseph V. "Tales of Old Virginia," The Bulletin of the Historical Society of Loudoun County, Virginia, 1957-1976. Leesburg, Va.: Goose Creek Productions, 1998, pp. 117-120. FHL Collection Free Lookups Available!
  • Osburn, Penelope M. "Establishing the Towns in Loudoun County," The Bulletin of the Historical Society of Loudoun County, Virginia, 1957-1976. Leesburg, Va.: Goose Creek Productions, 1998, pp. 71-75. FHL Collection Free Lookups Available!
  • Osburn, Thomas. "Former Citizen Writes Interestingly of the Inhabitants of Bluemont in the '50's," written 1923, published in Loudoun: The 1757 Legacy, Newsletter of the Loudoun Genealogy Club, Vol. 6, No. 4 (Dec. 1998):1-2; Vol. 7, No. 1 (Mar. 1999):2; Vol. 7, No. 2 (Jun. 1999):2. FHL Collection
  • Phillips, John T. The Historians Guide to Loudoun County, Virginia. Leesburg, Virginia: Goose Creek Productions, c1996. FHL Collection Free Lookups Available! [One section of this book was republished as "Colonial Ferries and Ordinaries at Goose Creek," Loudoun: The 1757 Legacy, Newsletter of the Loudoun Genealogy Club, Vol. 2, No. 1 (Fall 1993):1-2. FHL Collection
  • Scheel, Eugene M. The Story of Purcellville. Free Lookups Available!
  • Weatherly, Yetive. Lovettsville, the German Settlement. Free Lookups Available!
  • Williams, Harrison. Legends of Loudoun: An Account of the History and Homes of a Border County of Virginia's Northern Neck. Richmond, Virginia: Garrett and Massie, 1938. FHL Collection; reprint: FHL Collection; digital versions at FamilySearch Books Online Ancestry ($), and Heritage Quest Online ($). Free Lookups Available!

MapsEdit

Clarke CountyFauquier CountyPrince William CountyFairfax CountyMontgomery CountyFrederick CountyJefferson CountyWashington CountyVA LOUDOUN.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Several historic maps of Loudoun County survive. Modern maps, created to show county boundary changes, and to plot land owners, are also available, see: Loudoun County, Virginia Maps.

MigrationEdit

  • Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 20, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1976):199-208; Vol. 22, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1978):43-50.. FHL Collection; digital version at American Ancestors ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Loudoun County's 1790 Delinquent List appears on 20:201-202; 1786 and 1788 Delinquent Lists appear on 22:44-45.]
  • Loudoun Co., Virginia to Ohio: Migration of Families, courtesy: USGenWeb.
  • Moore, Robert P. "New Jersey Families in Loudoun Co., Va., Tithable Lists in the 1700s," The Nelson County Genealogist, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Autumn 1992):9-10. FHL Collection
  • "Pennsylvania-Germans in Loudoun Co., VA," Pennsylvania German, Vol. 9, No. 3 (Mar. 1908).
  • Weatherly, Yetive. Lovettsville, the German Settlement. Free Lookups Available!

MilitaryEdit

Records regarding Loudoun County veterans are kept in diverse archives and repositories. The Loudoun County, Virginia Military page will assist you in finding these resources.

Civil WarEdit
Civil War BattlesEdit

The following Civil War battles were fought in Loudoun County.

Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865

Miscellaneous RecordsEdit

NaturalizationEdit

NewspapersEdit

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Loudoun Co. Newspapers: Information Regarding Newspapers Previously Published in Loudoun Co. is a helpful guide, courtesy: USGenWeb.

The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Loudoun County, Virginia Genealogy newspapers.

  • 1800 - True American (Leesburg, Va.) at Genealogy Bank ($).
  • 1810-1811 - Washingtonian (Leesburg, Va.) at Genealogy Bank ($).
  • 1810s-1820s - "Marriage Records from the Genius of Liberty," [1810s-1820s] Loudoun: The 1757 Legacy, Newsletter of the Loudoun Genealogy Club, Vol. 10, Nos. 1 & 2 (Mar.-June 2002):2-4. FHL Collection
  • 1817-1820 - Genius of Liberty (Leesburg, Va.) at Genealogy Bank ($).
Historical InformationEdit
  • "The Genius of Liberty," Loudoun: The 1757 Legacy, Newsletter of the Loudoun Genealogy Club, Vol. 10, Nos. 1 & 2 (Mar.-June 2002):1. FHL Collection
  • Osburn, Penelope M. "A Hometown Newspaper: 'The True American,' The Bulletin of the Historical Society of Loudoun County, Virginia, 1957-1976. Leesburg, Va.: Goose Creek Productions, 1998, pp. 97-110. FHL Collection

OccupationsEdit

  • "Beard Account Book," Loudoun: The 1757 Legacy, Newsletter of the Loudoun Genealogy Club, Vol. 5, No. 3 (Sep. 1997):1; Vol. 5, No. 4 (Dec. 1997):3; Vol. 6, No. 1 (Mar. 1998):3. FHL Collection [Identifies persons with accounts 1790s-1840s.]
  • Binns, John. A Treatise on Practical Farming. Thomas Balch Library, Leesburg, Va.
  • "Business Directory of Leesburg: Containing the Names of Merchants and Mechanics with Their Places of Business, published by William L. Stork, Bookseller & Stationer, Leesburg, VA, 1860," Loudoun: The 1757 Legacy, Newsletter of the Loudoun Genealogy Club, Vol. 5, No. 1 (Mar. 1997):1; Vol. 5, No. 2 (June 1997):3; Vol. 5, No. 3 (Sep. 1997):2. FHL Collection
  • Business Licenses, 1757-1900. Available online, courtesy: The Archives of the Clerk of the Loudoun County Circuit Court. [Includes liquor, mill, ordinary, restaurant and hotel, and retail indexes.]
  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. FHL Collection [Includes a section on Leesburg silversmiths.]
  • "Hillsboro General Store, Post Office and Lending Library 1821-1836," Loudoun: The 1757 Legacy, Newsletter of the Loudoun Genealogy Club, Vol. 6, No. 2/3 (Sep. 1998):1; Vol. 6, No. 4 (Dec. 1998):3. FHL Collection [Indexes persons with accounts.]
  • List of Male and Female Indentures (Apprenticeships) from 1757-1872. Available online, courtesy: The Archives of the Clerk of the Loudoun County Circuit Court.
  • Marsh, Helen Hirst. "Early Loudoun Water Mills," The Bulletin of the Historical Society of Loudoun County, Virginia, 1957-1976. Leesburg, Va.: Goose Creek Productions, 1998, pp. 29-34. FHL Collection
  • Marsh, Helen Hirst. "Hometown Banking: The Loudoun Company," The Bulletin of the Historical Society of Loudoun County, Virginia, 1957-1976. Leesburg, Va.: Goose Creek Productions, 1998, pp. 111-116. FHL Collection
  • U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Patents, 1790-1909. Available online, courtesy: Ancestry ($). [Lists dozens of inventions patented by residents of Loudoun County, Virginia.]

OfficialsEdit

  • "Some of the Officials of Loudoun County 1757 - The Civil War," Loudoun: The 1757 Legacy, Newsletter of the Loudoun Genealogy Club, Vol. 6, No. 2/3 (Sep. 1998):4; Vol. 7, No. 1 (Mar. 1999):1. FHL Collection. [N.B. This serial article was published backwards, includes Court Clerks, Deputy King's Attorneys and Commonwealth Attorneys, and Sheriffs.]

Private PapersEdit

Virginia, Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007

Researchers should not limit their searches to records kept by government officials and religious organizations. Diaries, business account books, and family Bibles, kept in private hands, though they can be difficult to track down, yield valuable genealogical data. Loudoun County, Virginia Private Papers points researchers to some of these resources.

Probate RecordsEdit

Virginia, Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007administrations, and guardianship records survives for Loudoun County, see: Loudoun County, Virginia Probate.

'Online Probate Links

SchoolEdit

  • History of Secondary Education in Loudoun County. 1948. Thomas Balch Library, Leesburg, Va.
  • "Virginia Public School Register, Broad Run District, Frankville School, 1886-1893," Loudoun: The 1757 Legacy, Newsletter of the Loudoun Genealogy Club, Vol. 4, No. 2 (June 1996):1; Vol. 4, No. 3 (Sep. 1996):1. FHL Collection

TaxationEdit

Virginia tax records provide valuable clues to genealogical relationships. Many survive and have been published and indexed dating back to the county's formation, see: Loudoun County, Virginia Taxation.

TransportationEdit

  • Constantino, Roberto. Miscellaneous Road Cases, Loudoun County, Virginia, 1758-1782: Loudoun County Circuit Court, Clerk of Circuit Court, Archives: Miscellaneous Road Cases, Files No. 38 to 48, Leesburg, Virginia. Westminster, Maryland: Willow Bend Books: Heritage Books, 2003. FHL Collection
  • Rose, Murray. "Potomac River Bridges into Loudoun County," Loudoun: The 1757 Legacy, Newsletter of the Loudoun Genealogy Club, Vol. 1, No. 3 (Spring 1993):1-2; Vol. 1, No. 4 (Summer 1993):1. FHL Collection
  • Saffer, Wynne. "Overseers of the Road in Southern Loudoun in 1801," Northern Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 3, No. 4 (Oct. 1998):166-169. FHL Collection
  • "Seven Ferries Served Loudoun in 1700s," Loudoun: The 1757 Legacy, Newsletter of the Loudoun Genealogy Club, Vol. 10, No. 4 (Dec. 2002):2-4. FHL Collection

Vital RecordsEdit

Vital records include births, marriages, and deaths. To learn what survives for the area, visit Loudoun County, Virginia Vital Records.

BirthEdit
MarriageEdit
DivorceEdit
DeathEdit
Vital Record SubstitutesEdit

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available at FamilySearch. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.


AcknowledgementEdit

We would like to acknowledge the contributions of local expert Marty Hiatt, CG. Her knowledge has greatly improved this research guide.

Loudoun County, Virginia Genealogy Societies and LibrariesEdit

  • Thomas Balch Library, Leesburg, Va., is an excellent facility devoted entirely to the area's local history and genealogy. It is supported by the Town of Leesburg.
  • The Friends of the Thomas Balch Library, Leesburg, Va., is an organization devoted to supporting the Thomas Balch Library and its collections.

Family History CentersEdit

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Loudoun County, Virginia Genealogy WebsitesEdit

Loudoun County, Virginia USGENWEB

ReferencesEdit

  1. http://www.loudounhistory.org/history/history-loudoun/
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Loudoun County, Virginia. Page 716 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Loudoun County, Virginia . Page 710-723 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 715-720.
  4. Michael Gulland, "History of Loudoun County Courthouses in Leesburg," The History of Loudoun County, Virginia, http://www.loudounhistory.org/history/leesburg-courthouse.htm.
  5. "John Campbell, 4th Earl of Loudoun," Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Campbell,_4th_Earl_of_Loudoun.
  6. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  7. 7.0 7.1 Marty Hiatt, CG, "Loudoun County, Virginia - WIKI," [Updates], unpublished document, 2010.
  8. Heritage Preservation Services,Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012)
  9. Heritage Preservation Services. Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 3 August 2012).
  10. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012).
  11. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 7 August 2012).