Difference between revisions of "London Records of the Poor"

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Line 1: Line 1:
An Act of Parliament in the year 1834 took the responsibility of administering to the poor from the local parish church to the doorstep of civil government. The government grouped each civil parish into a union of parishes. There were nearly 600 such unions throughout England, each one comprising close to 20 or more parishes, and were specifically setup to meet the demands of the poor among their local populations, with a workhouse on the premises. The responsbility was transferred from local parishes to a Board of Guardians in each union. These groupings or unions were known as poor-law unions. City of London had the following poorlaw union within its boundary:
+
== The City of London Poor Law Union  ==
  
=== The Poor Law Union  ===
+
Starting in 1834, a single poor law union had responsibility over the City of London called The City of London Poor Law Union.  
 
 
Starting in 1834, a single poor law union had responsibility over the City of London called The City of London Poor Law Union.
 
  
 
*[http://www.workhouses.org.uk/CityOfLondon/ The City of London Poor Law Union and Workhouse]
 
*[http://www.workhouses.org.uk/CityOfLondon/ The City of London Poor Law Union and Workhouse]
Line 22: Line 20:
 
#Board of Guardians' Records
 
#Board of Guardians' Records
  
=== Guides to London Poor Law Records ===
+
=== Online Poor Law Records ===
  
*Webb, Cliff. ''London, Middlesex and Surrey Workhouse Records: A Guide to Their Nature and Location.'' West Surrey Family History Society, c1991. {{FHL|539577|item|disp=FHL Book 942.21 H25w no. 31}}.<br>
+
Ancestry.co.uk has the largest collection of online London poor law records:
*Webb, Cliff. ''A Provisional List of City of London Poor Law Records''. West Surrey Family History Society, c1992. {{FHL|750614|item|disp=FHL Book 942.21 H25w no. 28 1992}}.<br>
 
  
=== Records at the Family History Library  ===
+
*[http://search.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=1557 Ancestry.co.uk ($) has poorlaw records transcribed from 1834-1940]
  
To determine records availability for each poorlaw union, search the Family History Library Catalog under the name of the county (London), and then under the name of the poorlaw union, i.e. City of London; then search under the term[s] "poorlaw" or "poorhouses".
+
Other sites include:
  
=== Online Poor Law Records  ===
+
#The [http://research.ncl.ac.uk/pauperlives/ Pauper Biographies Project] provides detailed information including maps and working papers.
  
Ancestry.co.uk has the largest collection of online London poor law records:
+
#For more information on the history of the workhouse, see Peter Higginbotham's web site: [http://www.workhouses.org.uk www.workhouses.org.uk]
  
*[http://search.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=1557 Ancestry.co.uk ($) has poorlaw records transcribed from 1834-1940]
+
#Here's a [http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/Paupers/ general website providing data on approximately 10 percent of the county's poor]
  
Other sites include:
+
=== Family History Library Collection<br> ===
  
#The [http://research.ncl.ac.uk/pauperlives/ Pauper Biographies Project] provides detailed information including maps and working papers.  
+
To determine records availability for each poor law union, search the Family History Library Catalog under the name of the county (London), and then under the name of the poor law union, i.e. City of London; then search under the term[s] "poorlaw" or "poorhouses".  
  
#For more information on the history of the workhouse, see Peter Higginbotham's web site: [http://www.workhouses.org.uk www.workhouses.org.uk]
+
=== Guides to London Poor Law Records  ===
  
#Here's a [http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/Paupers/ general website providing data on approximately 10 percent of the county's poor]
+
*Webb, Cliff. ''London, Middlesex and Surrey Workhouse Records: A Guide to Their Nature and Location.'' West Surrey Family History Society, c1991. {{FHL|539577|item|disp=FHL Book 942.21 H25w no. 31}}.<br>
 +
*Webb, Cliff. ''A Provisional List of City of London Poor Law Records''. West Surrey Family History Society, c1992. {{FHL|750614|item|disp=FHL Book 942.21 H25w no. 28 1992}}.<br>
  
=== Foundlings<br>  ===
+
== Foundlings<br>  ==
  
 
{{Wikipedia|Foundling_Hospital|Foundling Hospital}}Foundlings were abandoned babies. Abandoning babies has been a common phenomena in urban areas.<br>  
 
{{Wikipedia|Foundling_Hospital|Foundling Hospital}}Foundlings were abandoned babies. Abandoning babies has been a common phenomena in urban areas.<br>  
Line 69: Line 67:
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
<references /><br>
+
<references /><br>  
  
 
{{London}} {{Poor Law}}
 
{{London}} {{Poor Law}}

Revision as of 05:04, 17 January 2012

The City of London Poor Law Union

Starting in 1834, a single poor law union had responsibility over the City of London called The City of London Poor Law Union.

The Records

Records from the poorlaw unions, which were created from this time forward include the following:

  1. Guardianship
  2. Creed Registers
  3. Rate books
  4. Workhouse Lists of Inmates
  5. Register of Apprentices
  6. Register of Births
  7. Register of Deaths
  8. Vestry Rate Books
  9. Admission and Discharge Registers
  10. Board of Guardians' Records

Online Poor Law Records

Ancestry.co.uk has the largest collection of online London poor law records:

Other sites include:

  1. The Pauper Biographies Project provides detailed information including maps and working papers.
  1. For more information on the history of the workhouse, see Peter Higginbotham's web site: www.workhouses.org.uk
  1. Here's a general website providing data on approximately 10 percent of the county's poor

Family History Library Collection

To determine records availability for each poor law union, search the Family History Library Catalog under the name of the county (London), and then under the name of the poor law union, i.e. City of London; then search under the term[s] "poorlaw" or "poorhouses".

Guides to London Poor Law Records

  • Webb, Cliff. London, Middlesex and Surrey Workhouse Records: A Guide to Their Nature and Location. West Surrey Family History Society, c1991. FHL Book 942.21 H25w no. 31.
  • Webb, Cliff. A Provisional List of City of London Poor Law Records. West Surrey Family History Society, c1992. FHL Book 942.21 H25w no. 28 1992.

Foundlings

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Foundling Hospital
Foundlings were abandoned babies. Abandoning babies has been a common phenomena in urban areas.

1741-1950s

The London Foundling Hospital opened in 1741. The Hospital created many records on infants turned over to their care. For tips on finding foundling records, see Research Resources (The Foundling Museum website).

Pre-1741

Before 1741, the care of foundlings fell to the parishes where they were discovered. Individuals who raised these children were supported by parish rates.

A few guides and databases have been prepared about pre-1741 London foundlings.

Hospitals

  • Webb, Cliff. An Index to London Hospitals and Their Records. London: Society of Genealogists, c2008. FHL Book 942.1/L1 J43w.

Websites

References